Cubans have surnames originating from Spain, Portugal, or Italy that are all rich and full of deep meaning. Though Spanish is the most popular language in Cuba, its inhabitants follow a unique naming tradition of compound names that carry their paternal and maternal family names as their last names. The man’s surname usually comes first. If one or both parents have compound surnames in their names, then their child’s surname may also be a combination of both compound surnames. Both are equally significant and are needed for registration on official documents like passports, travel, or identity documents. Cuban women do not change their last names after marriage. Many Cubans parents continue to follow the same tradition while deciding on a name for their children. Some Cuban last names evoke images of royalty and nobles. While others are rooted in nature, animal kingdom, related to location or profession. You don’t need to be a genealogist to trace back your Cuban surname origin or consider referring to popular Cuban last names that would help you choose one for your child. Parents looking to encourage curiosity in family history among their children and take pride in their family heritage can look for Cuban surnames from the list given below.
100 Cuban Surnames or Family Names with Meanings
Finding good surnames or family names with meanings can lend uniqueness to a given name. Some surnames are more widely used than others in Cuba. Here is a comprehensive list of some of Cuba’s most common Cuban last names!
Derived from Portuguese and Spanish origin, Acosta means “one who lives by the coast or shore.”
Derived from Basque origin, Aldana means “a place along a hillside” or “a place on a slope.”
Derived from Spanish origin, meaning “son of Alvaro” or “guardian.”
Derived from Portuguese origin, Amaral means “vineyard.” It may have originated from the Latin’ amarus’, or “bitter,” which refers to the taste of wine.
Derived from Spanish origin, Arce means “stone.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Arenas means “sand.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Armas means “weapons” or “arms.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Arroya means “a pathway or channel used for irrigation.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Avila means “a city dweller,” or “one who came from the town.”
Derived from Basque origin, Ayala means “a pasture along a hill.”
Derived from Basque and Spanish origin, Balmaseda means “a valley full of vineyards.”
Derived from French origin, Bartelemi means “one who owns abundant land.”
Derived from Italian and Portuguese origin, Basilio means “royal.” Traditionally, only those of high birth bore this surname.
This Greek surname means ‘to baptize.’
Derived from Basque origin, Bazan means “brambles” or “a place of brambles.”
Derived from German origin, Beltran means “bright raven.”
Derived from Catalan and German origin, Bernal means “strong as a bear.”
Betancourt comes from the French “Bethencourt,” a Norman feudal holding.
Derived from the Latin word “capraria,” Cabrera refers to a ‘place full of goats.’
Derived of Spanish origin, Castillo means ‘castle.’ Castilla has variations in Castro, Castello, and Castillo.
Derived from the Spanish word “cisnes”, Cisnero means ‘swan.’
Originated from the hilly border regions of Spain, Cuevas means “cave” or “caves.”
23. De la Fe
This surname means ‘a person of faith.’
Derived from the Spanish surname of Italian origin, Delfin refers to ‘the majestic creature “dolphin.”
Delgado was initially been bestowed as a nickname for a thin person. Delgado is derived from Spanish/Portuguese origin, which means “thin, slender.” The term originated from the Latin delicatus, meaning “dainty” or “exquisite.”
Despaigne refers to a person of Spain in French, where “de” means “of” and “spaigne” means “Spain.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Destrade, means ‘a destined or paved path.’
Derived from the Basque language, Echevarria is a place name and surname from the Basque Country in Spain and France, meaning ‘the new house.’
This habitational surname comes from Escalona in Toledo province or from Escalona Del Prado in Soria.
Derived from a diminutive of “escama”, Escamilla means ‘scale’ and ‘one who came from Escamilla (small bench) in Spain.
This occupational name comes for a squire, a young man of good birth attendant on a knight, or shield-bearer. It comes from Medieval Latin scutarius, a derivative of Latin scutum’ shield’.
This family name comes from one of several places named Espinosa in Spain, including Galicia and Vascongadas. Hence, this Spanish topographic name refers to ‘someone living by a hawthorn’ or ‘in an area characterized by hawthorns, espino’ that may have been the ancient homeland of the Spanish people.
Originally spelled Ezkibel, Esquievel comes from the Basque words Ezki, which means lime tree, and Gibel, which means behind. Therefore, Esquivel means ‘the house behind the lime trees.’
Estevez is a patronymic surname in English from a Galician (Spanish) family name. It means ‘son of Stephen’ in Galician Estevo. Its equivalents are Esteves in Portuguese, Di Stefano in Italian, or Estébanez in Spanish.
Estrada comes from Latin state, which comes from sterner meaning ‘to strew or cover’), denoting ‘a paved way.’
This Spanish and Portuguese name comes from Eusébio or Eusebio, which comes from Greek Eusebios meaning ‘revered,’ from EU- ‘good,’ ‘well’ a derivative of sebesthai ‘to honor,’ ‘respect.’
This Spanish and Portuguese surname comes from the personal name Facundo which in turn comes from Latin facundus, meaning ‘talkative’ or ‘eloquent.’
Felipe is the Spanish variant of the name Philip, which comes from the Greek adjective Philippos, meaning “friend of horses.”
Derived from French origin, Fermin means “strong.” Fermin was an ancient saint, a legendary holy man, and a martyr who is the patron saint of Pamplona in Navarre, Spain.
Derived from Spanish origin, Fernandez means “son of Fernando’ or “brave voyager.”
Derived from the name Floro, Flores means “flower,” which originates from the Latin flos.
This surname comes from the Spanish name for ‘flowery, covered with flowers, or ‘abounding in flowers.’
Derived from English origin, Fredrick is a compound surname that comes from the root words for “peace” and “strength” or “power.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Gerardo means ‘Spear Brave.’
Derived from the Visigothic word ‘guma,’ Gomez is a common Spanish patronymic surname meaning “son of Gome’ or “man.”
This Scottish habitational name comes from a place in Berwickshire (Borders). It comes from Welsh gor ‘spacious’ din ‘fort.’ Derived from Norman origin; this French habitational name comes from Gourdon in Saône-et-Loire. This Gallo-Roman personal name Gordus the locative suffix -o, -onis.
Derived from Italian origin, Graciano means ‘beloved’ or ‘dear.’
Granados is a nickname that comes from the Spanish Granado ‘mature,’ ‘experienced,’ and ‘distinguished.’ It is also a topographic or metonymic occupational name for a grower or seller of pomegranates, from Granado meaning’ pomegranate tree.’
Guerra is a Spanish, Portuguese, and Italian nickname for a belligerent person or a soldier from guerra’ war’.
This Spanish surname means ‘son of Hernando,’ a version of Fernando meaning ‘a courageous voyager.’
Ibarra means ‘a valley’ in Basque.
Iglesias means ‘churches’ in Spanish.
Infante means ‘child.’ It was traditionally used for the primo genital children of the royal families of Spain.
Jacobo means ‘Son of Jacob,’ ‘noble’ or ‘ancient decent.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Jaramillo means ‘of The Jaramago Tree or ‘A jungle.’
Jardinez is a family name that denotes ‘garden’ in French.
Derived from the Greek name Georgios which comes from Latin Georgius, Jorge is a variant of georgos, meaning “farmer” or “earth-worker.”
This occupational name comes from jurado ‘sworn,’ past participle of jurar ‘to swear’ from Latin iurare.
This famous surname of Cuba means ‘land used for farming’ or ’tilling.’
Lago is a Spanish and Portuguese name that refers to a ‘person living on the lakeside.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Ledesma means ‘big’ or ‘wide.’
Derived from French origin, Leiva means “Great.”
Leon is a Spanish name from the personal name Greek leon ‘meaning ‘lion.’
This Cuban last name means a person responsible for the regulation of the law.’
Derived from the Latin word lupus, meaning ‘wolf’ or “son of Lope.’
Luperciois of African origin and means “Intelligent and strong.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Madera means “wood” or “wooden.”
Derived from Spanish and Catalan origin, Marin means “one who lives by the sea” or “one who comes from the sea.”
This Spanish name refers to ‘who works with stones for a living.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Martinez means “son of Martin.” Martin itself comes from the Roman God Mars, ‘the patron of war.’
In Hebrew, Matos refers to ‘someone who lives in a place filled with tall shrubs.’
Derived from Spanish and Aragonese origin, Mirabel means “one who gazes upon the valley.”
(Spanish origin), meaning “white mountains.” Related to Montalbán.
Derived from Catalan, Portuguese, and Spanish origin, Mora means “mulberry.” An alternate Moreira means “mulberry tree” or “mulberry grove.”
This patronymic Portuguese surname means ‘Son of Nuno.’
Derived from Portuguese origin, Obregon means “worker.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Ojeda means ‘a pile of leaves.’
This Spanish nickname from ortega’ female black grouse’ from Greek ortyx ‘quail.’ This topographic name comes from Occitan ortiga’ nettle’ (Its Latin form is urtica and the French form is ortie).
Otero means ‘height’ in Spanish and can mean ‘someone living at a higher altitude.’
Pacheco means ‘someone noble’ derived from Portuguese and Spanish origin.
In Portuguese, Pereira refers to ‘a pear tree’ or ‘plantation of pear trees.’
Perez refers to the “son of pedro” in Spanish, whereas pedro is “peter” in English and means stone.
Derived from Spanish origin, Pomares means “orchard.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Quintana means ‘a house in the countryside.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Revuelta means “a revolutionary.”
Reyes means ‘kings’ or “people of royalty” in Spanish.
Derived from the Spanish word Rio, Rios means ‘river.’
Derived from the word Rivera, Rivas means ‘seashore’ or ‘bank of a river.’
Rodriguez means ‘the son of Rodrigo’ or ‘someone who is in power.’
Rojas comes from the Spanish word Rojo, which denotes ‘the color red.’
Roque means ‘rock’ in Catalan and Spanish.
As per the Galician origin, Saavedra means “an ancestral hall.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Santamaria means “Saint Mary.”
Derived from Spanish origin, Santana means “Saint Anne,” the mother of Mary.
Derived from Basque origin, Sarduy means “apple tree.”
Derived from Portuguese origin, Silveira means “woods” or “land densely populated by woods.” It means ‘valley’ in Spanish.
Derived from Catalan origin, Tamayo means ‘cattle feed’ or ‘fodder.’
Derived from Spanish origin, Valladares means “a fortress wall” or “bastion.”
Varona denotes ‘a woman with courage.’
Derived from the Basque word Zai, Zayas means ‘guard’ or ‘watchman.’
Cubans take pride in their roots as Cuban last names can originate in different countries and ethnicities as people have migrated over some time to settle down in this island country. An updated list of Cuban last names can come to your aid when looking to pick your child’s fanciest or trendiest surname that can add interest to your child’s personality.