2nd Month Pregnancy Diet - Foods to Eat & Avoid

Second Month of Pregnancy Diet (5-8 Weeks)

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Rima Sonpal (Gynecologist/Obstetrician)
View more Gynecologist/Obstetrician Our Panel of Experts

Congratulations! You are in the second month of your pregnancy. Although most women don’t know they are pregnant by this time, those who do are very careful about their diet (just as they should be). Nutrition is of primary importance at this stage as it helps in the proper development of the foetus. The neural tube of the foetus develops during this time which then later develops into the brain, spinal cord, and nerves. A diet rich in vitamins, minerals, proteins and other nutrients is mandatory during this time and throughout the pregnancy to ensure that the baby develops well. Read on to find out what foods and nutrients should be a part of your second-month pregnancy diet.

Video: Second Month Pregnancy Diet – Foods to Eat and Avoid

Essential Nutrients That Should Be a Part of Your Diet in the Second Month of Pregnancy

Foods that you eat in the first trimester of your pregnancy will support the healthy development of your baby. Morning sickness and nausea may make you feel uneasy and you may not want to eat, but you should try to eat healthy food. Try and incorporate the foods that offer you as many nutrients as possible. Mentioned below are some nutrients that are vital for the baby’s development.

  1. Folic Acid: An integral part of the 7-week pregnancy diet, folic acid serves the purpose of Vitamin B. A daily folic acid supplement of 5 mg is recommended to a woman who is trying to conceive as well as to a pregnant woman in her first trimester. Folic acid helps protect the unborn baby from developing neural tube defects. Green leafy vegetables, eggs, fruits, dry fruits and nuts (almonds and walnuts), pulses and lentils are all rich natural supplements of folic acid for a pregnant woman.

  2. Iron: Another essential nutrient that should be a part of the 5th-week pregnancy diet is iron – it is mandatory for healthy blood supply. At this stage, a pregnant woman needs a strong blood flow in her body as it gives her the strength to deal with morning sickness and fatigue, which are commonly experienced in the first trimester of pregnancy. In the first week of your second month, eat foods that are rich in iron such as fruits, dry fruits, vegetables such as spinach, fenugreek and beetroot, and chicken and fish.

  1. Calcium: Calcium is an important mineral for a pregnant woman, especially in the second month of her pregnancy. About 1000 mg intake of calcium is imperative during pregnancy. As the bones of the foetus ossify at this stage, the body needs calcium. And if the body is not supplied with the required amount of calcium, it will be extracted from existing reserves, thus increasing the chances of osteoporosis. To meet your requirements of calcium, you can eat vegetables like turnip, cabbage, and leafy vegetables as they are all an excellent source of calcium.

  2. Proteins: Protein is essential from the onset of pregnancy. Poultry foods like chicken and eggs, and milk, fish, and lentils provide the necessary protein required by the body. A minimum of 75 gms of protein is needed by an expectant mother at this stage. You can eat the protein-rich foods mentioned above. However, be careful about the fish you choose as certain types of fish (especially, the fish with high mercury content in them) are not safe for consumption for a pregnant woman and should be avoided during pregnancy.


  1. Zinc: Zinc is needed for the metabolism of acid and biological functions. Chicken, fish, vegetables, and beans are all rich sources of zinc. Make sure you include these foods in your diet on a daily basis.

  1. Fats: Fats are not always bad, but it is the kind of fat that you consume that will determine the healthy growth of your baby. There is no doubt that fried foods and foods containing saturated fat are detrimental to your health and your baby’s health. But a healthy intake of good fat in the form of ghee and cream will aid in the development of the eyes, brain, placenta, and tissues. Including good fats in your diet in healthy proportions will thus help in the overall growth of your baby.

  1. Fibre: An important nutrient that aids digestion and prevents constipation, fibre is highly recommended to a pregnant woman. A fibre-rich diet made up of vegetables like carrots and cabbage, cereals, and fruits like oranges and bananas will help maintain your blood pressure and prevent constipation during pregnancy. A minimum intake of 28 gms daily is recommended during pregnancy.

Foods to Avoid in the Second Month of Pregnancy

The foods that should be avoided in the second month of pregnancy are mentioned below –

  1. Meat Spreads: Meat spreads contain listeria that is harmful during this stage of pregnancy. It affects the growth of the baby, hence must be completely avoided.

  2. Soft Cheese: Consumption of soft cheese like brie and camembert are not recommended as they may contain E. Coli bacteria, which may lead to complications in pregnancy. So you must avoid eating soft cheese during pregnancy, you can opt for hard cheese, but do eat it in a limit.

  3. Raw Eggs: Raw eggs could spread the salmonella bacteria through the body causing a detrimental effect on the mother’s body and hampering the normal development of the baby. If you want to eat eggs during pregnancy, make sure you eat them in the boiled or poached form. Avoid eating half-boiled or semi-cooked eggs.

  4. Processed Meat: Processed meat is stored on the shelves for long and run a risk of carrying bacteria that are harmful to the baby and you. So avoid including processed meat in your pregnancy diet.

  5. Raw Fish: Seafood like crabs, prawns, shrimp etc., are high in mercury, which is known to cause a miscarriage. These foods are not rich in protein and do not provide the body with any necessary nutrition.

  6. Unpasteurized Milk: Do not drink unpasteurized milk. Unpasteurized milk contains microorganisms, pathogens, and salmonella that are harmful to your body and the growth of the baby.

  7. Alcohol: Alcohol is strictly not permitted as it could lead to several complications. It may affect your health and most important the growth of the baby. So avoid drinking alcohol throughout your pregnancy.


Consume fresh fruits, vegetables, fully cooked food, protein-rich foods to build your muscles and feel energetic. Consume more starchy food than sugary foods to up your calorie intake.

Dietary Tips to Follow in the Second Month of Pregnancy

Here are some dietary tips that you should follow in the second month of your pregnancy.

  • You will get the maximum benefits from the food you eat if you eat it at the right time and in the right proportions. Try to have a healthy breakfast that comprises of fruits, vegetables, cereals, and dairy products like milk. Eating a slightly rich diet in the morning will help as it will give you more time to digest the food.

  • Your diet in the afternoon should comprise of salads, eggs, etc. Having salad during lunch will help you stay fresh and energetic. You could also try including boiled eggs in your lunch. A meal that comprises of chapatis, cooked sabji, rice and dal will be nourishing at this stage.

  • You are likely to experience morning sickness in the first trimester of your pregnancy, so keep your dinners light. Eating light food will keep your stomach full and happy and prevent heartburn. If you want to have nourishing yet a light meal, eat boiled and cooked vegetables with less spice and salads in dinner.

If you feel peckish, try eating small portions of healthy snacks like upma. Avoid fried food and be guided by your appetite. Do not binge eat as many would keep insisting that you need to eat for two. You don’t need to eat for two – you need to eat as per your appetite. So eat as per your body requirements and make sure that it is healthy enough for you and your baby!

Remember, your nutrition depends on the foods you choose, so choose wisely. Make sure you limit your intake of sugary and fried foods and foods high in calories as they provide no nutrition to your baby. Eat healthy and stay healthy during pregnancy, and your baby will be just fine!

Also Read:

First Trimester Care in Pregnancy
Healthy & Refreshing Drinks during Pregnancy

Previous article «
Next article »