10 Best Vegetables to Eat During Pregnancy

10 Best Vegetables to Eat During Pregnancy

Medically Reviewed By
Megha Mukhija (Paediatric Nutritionist)
View more Paediatric Nutritionist Our Panel of Experts

One of the first things a mother-to-be starts watching as soon as she sees the two lines on the pregnancy test is her diet. The correct intake of vegetables during pregnancy plays a humungous role in keeping the pregnancy journey healthy and secure. The quest for required nutrition leads to questions such as, ‘Are vegetables good for pregnancy?’ What vegetables should I eat?’ Questions like these are common. That is why here we are with an amazing on the best vegetables to eat during pregnancy.

Video: 8 Best Vegetables to Eat During Your Pregnancy

Importance of Vegetables in Pregnancy

During pregnancy, it is important to maintain a healthy diet. For this, you should choose the right kind of food and eat it in the right quantity and at the right time. Anything unhealthy can cause harm and lead to complications for both the mother and baby. A healthy diet that is rich in vegetables can help avoid complications such as gestational diabetes and nutrition deficiency, as they contain vitamins such as beta carotene, Vitamin C and folic acid, apart from the much-needed fibre. Eating vegetables also helps the baby develop a healthy birth weight, reduces the risk of anaemia, controls blood pressure, and leads to healthy weight gain in the mother.

Monitoring food habits during pregnancy is essential because it will help you lose the weight that you gain during pregnancy.

10 Vegetables to Eat During Pregnancy

There are many vegetables that ensure your body continues to receive a perennial supply of nutrients. Here are the top 10 vegetables good for pregnancy that should not forget:

1. Sweet Potatoes

These are excellent sources of Vitamins A, B, and C.

2. Beetroot

Beetroots are high in vitamins and fibre. They also help strengthen the immune system.

3. Bell peppers 

They are high in vitamins and dietary fibre.

4. Broccoli 

High in Vitamin C, K, and folate, they also prove beneficial for easing constipation.

5. Green peas 

They are rich in Vitamins C and K, as well as fibre.

6. Dark leafy greens 

High in fibre, carotenoids, and folate.

7. Parsley 

They are high in protein, Vitamin E, and riboflavin.

8. Tomatoes 

Rich in Vitamins C and K and biotin.

9. Cucumber

Rich source of water and fibre.

10. Asparagus 

Excellent source of fibre, folate and Vitamins A, C, E and K.

How Many Vegetables Should a Pregnant Woman Have?

It is likely that a pregnant woman can feel more hungry than usual as she is supplying nutrients to a fast-growing foetus. It is recommended that you have meals in small portions to avoid feeling hungry. Eating small portions frequently also helps relieve digestive problems, which are common symptoms of pregnancy. Avoid the consumption of canned vegetables; opt only for those which are in season.

It is recommended that you have 2.5 to 3 cups (about 500 grams) of vegetables in a day. They can be consumed either raw or cooked. Vegetables are a rich source of energy, vitamins, minerals, and fibre. One may take supplements for vitamins, but vegetables cannot be substituted by pills alone, as the need for fibre cannot be fulfilled by a vitamin supplement.

Apart from eating healthy, it is also essential that you exercise and sleep well.

Simple Tips to Add Vegetables to Your Diet

Here are a few methods by which you can incorporate veggies into your diet to make them interesting and tastier:

  • Mix and cook vegetables that you like along with the ones that you do not, and pour a sauce of your choice.
  • If you like spicy food, vegetable curries are your best bet. The level of spice in your food depends on your preferences, as spices do not harm the baby, but if you are experiencing heartburn, it is advisable to keep the spice levels low. Tomatoes or spinach pasta are also good options.
  • You can try making baked beans with sauce.
  • Vegetables can be baked and consumed with a choice of sauce or dip.
  • Homemade vegetable soups are also a good option to have more vegetables.
  • If chewing vegetables makes you nauseous, try making soup with carrots, pumpkin, tomatoes, etc. These soups are tasty and nutritious, so include them in your diet.
  • There is a huge choice of unusual vegetables such as sweet potato and bok choy available. Give them a shot; who knows, you might just end up liking them. However, make sure you discuss this with your gynaecologist before consuming any new food during pregnancy.
  • Try uncooked/raw vegetables if you do not like cooked vegetables. Grated carrots, coleslaw (with shredded cabbage and carrots) or raw vegetables with dips are great ways to add vegetables to your diet. However, it is important to remember that unwashed fruits and vegetables may be contaminated by Toxoplasma, a parasite that is harmful to both the mother and the baby. Make sure fruits and vegetables are washed well and preferably peeled before consumption.
  • You should remember that during this time, your tastes will change. Hence, trying new vegetables will increase the range of foods in your daily diet.
  • To enhance flavours, roast or grill your veggies and season them with herbs and spices such as basil, thyme, coriander and oregano.
  • Keep in mind that soft cheese, blue-veined cheese, and mould-ripened cheese may contain listeria, a bacteria which may cause health issues for the unborn baby, so avoid these.

cooking vegetables

Some Other Foods That You Can Include in Your Pregnancy Diet

Apart from the above vegetables, care should be taken while incorporating different foods into your diet. While there are some to avoid at all costs, the following foods can be beneficial during your pregnancy:

  • Dairy products, like yoghurt, are a great choice for having during pregnancy. They help meet protein and calcium needs. Probiotics help reduce complications such as bacterial vaginosis and indigestion.
  • Legumes are rich in folate, fibre and a lot of other nutrients. Folate is an essential nutrient for pregnancy, as it helps lowers the risk of birth defects.
  • Salmon contains fatty acids DHA and EPA. They are important for the development of the eye and brain in the growing baby. It is also a natural source of Vitamin D.
  • Eggs are nutritious and can increase overall nutrient consumption. They contain choline, which is essential for the development of brain health.
  • Lean meat is very rich in protein. Beef and pork, which are also rich in iron, choline, and vitamin B, are important nutrients required during pregnancy.
  • Fish or cod liver oil can provide a substantial requirement of omega-3 fatty acids, Vitamin A, and Vitamin D. This may be useful for women who do not consume seafood.
  • Berries are rich in water, Vitamin C, fibre, carbs, antioxidants, vitamins, as well as plant compounds. They may help you increase your water and nutrient intake.
  • Foods like whole grains come packed rich in vitamins, fibre and plant compounds.
  • Avocados contain high quantities of monounsaturated fatty acids, fibre, folate, and potassium.
  • Dried fruits are also very high in nutrients.

While having food that is nutrient-dense is very important, water consumption is equally important.

The food you consume during pregnancy affects your energy and well-being, as well as the health of the baby. So, it is essential that the type of food that you consume be high in nutrients. Vegetables rich in vitamins, minerals, and fibre are an essential addition to a pregnancy diet. In addition, they ensure a healthy weight during pregnancy.

Delicious Vegetable Soup Recipe

This soup is nutritious and a great dish to have in-between meals. You can even add your choice of vegetables depending on the flavours you’re craving.


  • 1 onion (sliced)
  • 1 carrot (sliced)
  • 1 sweet potato (sliced)
  • 1 cup of French beans
  • 1 beetroot (sliced)
  • 1/2 cup broccoli (cut into small florets)
  • 1/2 cup green peas
  • 1 tomato (sliced)
  • 2 tablespoons of butter
  • Parsley (to garnish)
  • Salt to taste
  • Pepper to taste

How to Make:

  1. Thoroughly wash all the vegetables and cut them as required. Try and ensure all the vegetables are cut to the same size so they cook at approximately the same time.
  2. Heat the butter in a pressure cooker, add all the vegetables and sauté for two to three minutes.
  3. Add 5 cups of water, along with the salt and gently stir.
  4. Close the lid and pressure cook for one whistle.
  5. Allow the steam to escape, and open the lid.
  6. Pour into a bowl, garnish with pepper and parsley, and serve.

What Vegetables You Should Avoid When Pregnant?

Among a whole lot of vegetables, there are some as well that could jeopardize the health of a mother and her baby during pregnancy. Here is the list of vegetables to avoid during pregnancy

  • Raw or undercooked sprouts, including mung beans, clover, radish, andalfalfa, could contain bacteria, such as Salmonella or E. coli.
  • Salads bar items
  • Prepackaged salad mixes
  • Raw radishes
  • Unwashed vegetables

Now you know which vegetables are safe for consumption during pregnancy, go ahead and add them to your pregnancy diet. However, do check with your doctor if you feel uncomfortable after eating a particular veggie twice or thrice. Your doctor or nutritionist will be able to guide you the best!


1. Benefits of Eating Vegetables for Expectant Mothers During Pregnancy; https://www.allaboutwomenmd.com/knowledge-center/vegetables-during-pregnancy.html

2. An Essential Guide on What to Eat During Pregnancy; Family Health Centers of San Diego; https://www.fhcsd.org/prenatal-care/what-to-eat-during-pregnancy/

3. Eating healthy during pregnancy; March Of Dimes; https://www.marchofdimes.org/find-support/topics/pregnancy/eating-healthy-during-pregnancy

4. Pregnancy week by week; Mayo Clinic; https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy-nutrition/art-20045082

5. Nutrition during pregnancy; AGOG; The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists; https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/nutrition-during-pregnancy?utm_source=redirect&utm_medium=web&utm_campaign=int; 2021

Also Read:

Fruits to Eat during Pregnancy
Healthy Snacks for Pregnant Women

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