The Reggio Emilia Approach: Method, Benefits & Principles

Reggio Emilia Approach to Early Childhood Education

The Reggio Emilia approach to learning is one of the most effective ways of providing childcare. Every child is different, and they can comprehend the worlds around them from their vivid imaginations and learn how to express and communicate effectively in a creative manner. This child-centred approach has a unique way to help children co-learn in a different kind of setting. Read on to know more about this approach.

What Is the Reggio Emilia Approach?

Before diving deep into the topic, let us first understand what it means in a very concise yet explanatory manner. Children are always curious about everything around them. They want to explore and have the freedom to experience the environment that surrounds them in their full capacity. The activities involved in the Reggio Emilia method of learning are enriched by exactly such kinds of mindsets where the child is given the rightful opportunity of things like self-expression, logical thinking, effective communication, and mindful problem-solving techniques. They are also encouraged to absorb and feel the five senses, such as touch, taste, smell, hearing, and seeing everything that encapsulates them and make their interpretation of them.

When Was the Reggio Emilia Approach Developed?

The approach to education was coined decades ago, and the history of its inception is quite profound and interesting, too. According to sources, it was developed way back in the 1950s. It was curated in the early setting of childcare, and the name has been derived from a place called “Reggio Emilia” tucked somewhere in Northern Italy.

Benefits of Reggio Emilia Approach

Here are some advantages of the Reggio Emilia approach:

1. Effective Problem-Solving

Through practical experience, children can truly know the various life lessons they are supposed to be well acquainted with. In this case – children are put into small group-like settings where they are given projects to work on. They are given full liberty to research to their maximum potential and find ways to explore and explain the concepts and problems-in-hand better to come up with solutions. They are even given some real-life problems that they need to crack with their peers. They are also given a chance to question the topic at hand and use materials to comprehend and come up with a way of tackling it.

2. Encouraging Them to Do Better

The best advantage of the Reggio Emilia approach is how they are constantly encouraged and motivated to find their unique way of exploring and expressing themselves. All the techniques embedded in this approach always give freedom to children to work on projects that they find intriguing and are curious about. Children are also encouraged to work on their relationships and building a strong communal bond with their friends, families, and teachers.

3. Learning Through Explorations

The best way to bring some solace to curious minds is to let them explore, observe, and learn. The “100 languages” concept precisely emphasises the fact of how children find their special way of understanding their thoughts and then express themselves. Artists worldwide believe that through the art of dancing, singing, sculpting, theatre, and painting, a child can express his thoughts and the world they imagine from their perspective.

Principles of Reggio Emilia Approach

Let us focus on the most important and the four central Reggio Emilia principles that you should be aware of if you are making use of this childcare approach:

1. In-Depth Projects

Most of us must have spent our school days of learning staring at a teacher as they explain things. But in this approach, each child gets to learn from a project structured around his areas of interest. Teachers call these “adventures”. They document the child’s development as these projects progress to track their growth.

2. The Practice of Collaboration

It is a very good idea to connect, discuss and collaborate with students to make them feel heard, respected, and their views being important. It is said that in a classroom that has been inspired by the Reggio approach, children get a sense of collaboration when they communicate with their peers and discuss with their teachers. It helps foster self-growth and also gives them a sense of self-worth.

3. Wholesome Curriculum

This approach has a mix of what the child holds his interests in. Effective communication with the family and the teacher’s observations help collate and build a curriculum that garners the child’s maximum interest and fosters his development.

4. Unique Representation

The idea of this approach is based on every child’s unique way of expressing himself. This is what the teachers encourage as well, which gives the child to choose a form of art, such as music, dance, drawing, painting, acting, etc., to express himself in a way he feels comfortable.

Facts About Reggio Emilia Approach

There is a lot to understand about the Reggio Emilia approach, but here are a few key facts that you should always keep in mind:

1. Childcare Approach Only

It focuses strictly on the growth of toddlers and preschoolers and their will to learn in their own way. This is a child-centred and progressive approach to education for toddlers and preschoolers.

2. Internationally Known

Even though it originated in Northern Italy, it is now an international movement that has spread to 34 countries. It is also immensely supported by the North American Reggio Emilia Alliance that inspires thousands of children and parents.

3. No Formality

Childcare and development are only provided by the observations made by teachers and parents. There is no formal authorisation or teacher training process.

Important Things About Reggio Emilia Approach Parents Should Know

As a parent, you will have some responsibilities too to make sure this approach to childcare is effective.

  • Having a good relationship with family and having their support propagates the self-worth and self-confidence of the child.
  • Children are always excited to share their ideas, and you must document all of them and present them so that they can track their individual growth and understand themselves better, too.
  • Encourage your child to explain in their preferred ways because each child is unique. Help the child find his way to express himself.
  • Group project work encourages children to explore more and ask more questions. The idea of learning alongside their teachers or peers is uniquely motivating.
  • Set up an environment that enables the child to push their boundaries and be more imaginative and creative in what they learn.

A child needs to be exposed to creative techniques of learning from an early age. Toddlers are open to exploring new things and are keen observers. Letting them venture into their areas of interest and learn through observation and group projects are some of the most impactful ways of developing. These ways make up the core of the Reggio Emilia approach.

Also Read:

Whole Language Approach
Early Childhood Education Benefits & Importance
Waldorf Education

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Ruchelle has a vast experience working with clients in hospitality, health and wellness, entertainment, real estate, and retail. She aims to utilise her learnings to deliver quality content which will in turn help drive sales and customer engagement.