5th Month Pregnancy Diet - Foods to Eat and Avoid

Fifth-Month of Pregnancy Diet (17-20 Weeks)

Almost every woman looks forward to being a mother, and pregnancy is only the beginning of a great adventure. It is during this time that a woman needs to be very cautious and strict with her diet. During your fifth month, you will need to consume at least 347 extra calories per day and gain about one or two pounds of weight. These calories should come from protein and calcium sources. Do everything you can to avoid getting them from fatty additives, sugar and carbohydrates. In this article, we have covered the topic 5th month pregnancy diet chart. We have mentioned the foods that should and should not be a part of your pregnancy diet at this time.

What to Eat in the Fifth Month of Pregnancy

A pregnant woman eating a healthy meal while sitting on the couch

Here we have listed some foods that you should include in your 5th month pregnancy food chart:

1. Protein-rich Foods

Foods rich in protein ensure that your baby’s physical development is going smoothly, as the amino acids in protein are the building blocks of the body. Pulses, cereals, seeds and nuts, chickpeas, cottage cheese, and tofu are some foods that are good sources of protein for you and make great 5-month pregnancy food.

2. Whole Grains

These are very rich in magnesium, iron, Vitamin E, and Vitamin B complex. Whole grains consist of all three parts of the grain, which are the endosperm, bran and germ. Breakfast cereals, atta flour, bread and so many other things are made from whole grains.

3. Calcium-rich Foods

We all know that calcium is good for our bones and teeth, and it is no different for your developing baby. Make sure to consume plenty of foods rich in calcium to ensure a strong skeletal system for your child. Fruits like kiwi, mulberries, dried figs and dates are rich in calcium.

4. High-fibre Foods

Constipation is a well-known problem during pregnancy. Foods rich in fibre are the best way to reduce the chances of it happening. Fruits and vegetables, barley, oats, wheat and nuts are some foods that are rich in fibre.

5. Salads

Get into the habit of eating salads if you don’t already. You can get quite creative with salads, and they are a great way to get the essential nutrients, minerals and fibres your body will need. Avoid using salad dressings and pickled vegetables, however, as these are high in sodium content.

6. Fruits

Apples, grapes, bananas, avocados, pears, oranges, peaches and so many more. There are so many fruits to choose from that you won’t feel bored eating one. They are also high in minerals and vitamins, which is essential during the second trimester of pregnancy.

7. Water

Okay! Water is not a food but it is essential – and you know it! Staying hydrated has so many benefits for the human body and it is all the more important during pregnancy. It keeps constipation and urinary tract infection at bay, which are two common problems faced by pregnant women. Drinking a lot of fluids also helps to detoxify your body. If you are someone who doesn’t like to drink plain water, drink fresh juices like sugarcane and mango, which contain healthy carbohydrates and fibre.

8. Green Vegetables

While consuming a large quantity of green vegetables may seem repetitive, it’s crucial for the well-being of your little one. Incorporating nutrient-rich options like spinach, fenugreek, kale, and broccoli into your diet helps meet the body’s requirements for iron and vitamin A.

9. Carb-rich Foods

Starchy, carbohydrate-rich foods such as pasta, potatoes, and bread are crucial in a pregnancy diet. They provide a high energy source and are considered essential components for a healthy and balanced pregnancy diet.

10. Milk

In the fifth month of pregnancy, milk is highly recommended due to its high calcium content. Calcium is essential for proper bone development, as well as for strengthening teeth and muscles. While some may feel uneasy about drinking milk during pregnancy, there are alternative dairy products available that can also provide these vital nutrients for your health.

11. Grains

Grains are essential in a pregnancy diet, encompassing products like bread, wheat, rice, and corn. These foods are rich in vital nutrients such as vitamin E and vitamin B, crucial for the healthy development of the baby. They also supply essential elements like iron and magnesium, which are necessary for the baby’s well-being. The proper nourishment of the baby greatly relies on the inclusion of these grain-based products.

What Not to Eat During the Fifth Month of Pregnancy

Though you may have cravings, here are some things that you should stay clear of during your pregnancy:

1. Carbonated Drinks

Fizzy drinks have a lot of unhealthy calories, sugar and caffeine. Ditch these for some fresh fruit juices or stick to fresh lime water.

2. Certain Fruits and Vegetables

Fruits such as pineapples, pomegranates and papayas, which are known to cause uterine contractions should not be consumed in excess. Vegetables like cabbage, lettuce, and the eggplant should be consumed in moderation too.

Furthermore, all fruits and vegetables should be consumed after washing them properly.

3. Caffeine

Too much caffeine during pregnancy causes restlessness and sleeplessness in babies after they are born. Tea, coffee and chocolate contain caffeine, and so it is best to avoid it altogether, but if you are someone who feels you really cannot go without caffeine, reduce the quantity to a maximum of two cups per day.

4. Smoked and Raw Seafood

If you love sushi and sashimi, it is time to take a break. Smoked seafood most often contains listeria monocytogenes bacteria, which causes listeriosis, leading to stillbirths, miscarriages or illnesses in newborns.

5. Fish Containing Mercury

Mercury is found in the ocean, streams and lakes. It converts into methylmercury inside the human body, which is a neurotoxin and may cause brain damage and developmental delays in infants. Fish like shark, swordfish, king mackerel and tilefish are some fish to avoid. Go for salmon or light meat tuna.

6. Raw or Undercooked Eggs and Meat

Unless you are vegan, eggs and meat are bound to be a huge part of your diet. Make sure you never have raw eggs or meat and that they are always well-cooked. Raw eggs contain bacteria called salmonella which causes food poisoning. While your bout of food poisoning may not harm your baby, your immune system will be weakened, and that can have a negative impact on your baby’s development. Raw meat contains the toxoplasma parasite which can lead to fetal death during delivery or miscarriages during pregnancy.

7. Herbal Teas and Supplements

There are certain herbal ingredients that are used in tea, seasonings or supplements, which could be very harmful to the mother and child. So herbal teas and supplements should be consumed in moderation and after checking with a doctor. If you prefer drinking green tea, make sure you don’t consume it in excess amounts. Limit your consumption to 1-2 cups a day. Better yet, speak to your gynaecologist and nutritionist before making it a daily part of your pregnancy diet.

Diet Tips for a 5-month Pregnant Woman

Here are some tips for maintaining a balanced diet during this crucial time of your life:

  • Research the nutrition content of the food that you eat on a daily basis and try to work out how much you need to consume every day and what part of your diet needs to be changed if any.
  • Set up a meal plan for yourself to ensure your body is getting the right amount of nutrients that it requires to grow your baby.
  • Consult with your doctor about any food items in your meal plan that you may be allergic to and what you can substitute it with.
  • Eat less quantity in one sitting and more frequently throughout the day.
  • Choose dried fruits, nuts and seeds if you feel the need to munch on something. You can also have baby carrots and other vegetables as snacks between meals.
  • Your height and weight before pregnancy will be important when it comes to how much of each food group you need to eat in order to maintain a healthy and balanced diet. For this, it is always best to get the advice of your doctor or a nutritionist.

FAQs

1. What Vitamins and Minerals Are Essential for Your 5th Month Pregnancy Diet?

During pregnancy, it’s essential to prioritize vitamins A, C, D, B6, B12, and folic acid. Essential minerals to add to your 5th month pregnancy diet may encompass calcium, iron, iodine, and choline.

2. What Types of Snacks Can You Consume During Your Fifth Month of Pregnancy?

In terms of snacking, consider incorporating nutritious options like probiotic-rich yoghurt or smoothies blended with cocoa, berries, nut butter, or avocado to enhance nutrition and support metabolism. Additional choices may include hard-boiled eggs, soaked or roasted nuts, salads with beans, and vegetable dips with hummus.

3. How Should I Determine Appropriate Serving Sizes for the Fifth Month of Pregnancy?

During their second trimester, pregnant women who maintain an ideal weight and engage in regular exercise can aim to include approximately seven ounces of grain-based foods (such as bread, rice, or pasta), three cups of vegetables, six ounces of proteins (including eggs, lean meat, seafood, and beans), three cups of dairy, and limit fats and oils to around seven teaspoons (opting for sources like olive oil, avocado, and nuts). This balanced approach helps ensure they receive a diverse range of essential nutrients for a healthy pregnancy.

4. How Much Weight Should You Expect to Gain During Fifth Month Of Pregnancy?

During the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, it is generally recommended for most women to aim for a weekly weight gain of around one pound (equivalent to 0.5 kilograms). It’s important to note that this can differ based on the initial body weight at conception and whether the pregnancy involves multiple fetuses.

It may be difficult to suppress some of the cravings that you may get for good old street food every now and then, but try not to indulge for the sake of your baby. In fact, try to keep all your unhealthy food cravings under control or substitute them with the healthy food that will be beneficial for both you and your baby. What you consume will have a direct impact on not just you but also your baby. Nothing is more important than the health and safety of your baby, so always remain aware and cautious of what you are consuming.

References/Resources:

1. Iron-rich Foods for Pregnancy; americanpregnancy.org; https://americanpregnancy.org/healthy-pregnancy/pregnancy-health-wellness/iron-rich-foods-for-your-pregnancy/

2. What Is a Superfood, Anyway?; health.clevelandclinic.org; https://health.clevelandclinic.org/what-is-a-superfood/

3. Managing your weight gain during pregnancy; medlineplus.gov; https://medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000603.htm#

4. Nutrition During Pregnancy; waterburyhospital.org; https://www.waterburyhospital.org/all-services/womens-health-program/obstetrics-and-gynecology/patient-education-folder/nutrition-during-pregnancy/

5. Pregnancy nutrition: Foods to avoid during pregnancy; mayoclinic.org; https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/pregnancy-week-by-week/in-depth/pregnancy-nutrition/art-20043844

6. What to eat and what not to eat when pregnant; osfhealthcare.org; https://www.osfhealthcare.org/blog/what-to-eat-and-what-not-to-eat-when-pregnant/

7. The Eats and Don’t Eats of Pregnancy; healthyfuturesonline.org; https://healthyfuturesonline.org/library/the-eats-and-dont-eats-of-pregnancy/

8. How much should I eat during pregnancy?; tommys.org; https://www.tommys.org/pregnancy-information/im-pregnant/nutrition-in-pregnancy/how-much-extra-should-i-eat-pregnancy

Also Read:

Sixth Month of Pregnancy Diet
Seventh Month Pregnancy Diet
8th Month Pregnancy Diet Chart

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