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The food we eat in our daily lives has undergone a substantial change. With most families having working parents, and the ever-increasing pace of life, preparing a proper meal is not always possible. Bread-based items right from sandwiches to pizzas and bunch of other food items have found their way into our daily lives. But it is necessary to understand if pregnant women can have white bread during pregnancy.
Is It Healthy to Eat Bread in Pregnancy
The general white bread that is available in the markets is made using common all-purpose flour, or maida. This usually contains high proportions of gluten. Having this bread on a constant basis during pregnancy can aggravate constipation, which is already a problem for pregnant women. All the gluten ends up settling in the stomach, leading to a feeling of fullness and bulginess in the stomach, which can restrict the rightful consumption of nutrients.
On the other hand, brown bread is prepared from flour, based on wheat. This is much better than white bread because it is not only softer and tender than it but also contains a ton of proteins and vitamins which are not present in white bread. These are essential in providing the strength and energy that a mother needs during pregnancy.
What Nutrients Does Bread Contain
Bread usually contain multiple ingredients, out of which there are a few primary ones.
1. Wheat Germ
Bread that is made from whole wheat contain substantial about of wheat germ. These are elements that have quite a lot of nutritional constituents in them, including vitamin E, omega-3 acids, folate, and many others. These have a direct impact on the health of the heart.
Carbohydrates form a primary part of the bread. This vital nutrient is extremely important since it is quite a powerhouse of energy to be drawn from for pregnant women. The carbohydrates in bread also contain a substantially lower glycemic index, it is a healthy option due to lowered risks of diabetes.
Wheat gluten is the major protein present in wheat bread. This gluten is a core provider of proteins which are necessary for carrying out the healthy and continued development of the baby in the pregnant mother’s foetus.
Surprisingly, bread is known to be a good food item that contains gracious amounts of dietary fibres, including bran. These not only impact the heart and keep it healthy but also brings about reduction in the lipoprotein cholesterol, which helps attain a healthy state for the mother as well as the child.
Benefits of Eating Bread during Pregnancy
The various nutritional constituents of the bread help provide a ton of benefits for the budding mother, some of which are:
1. Prevention of Gallstones
Bread is an easy to obtain food item that contains good amounts of fibre in them. Consuming such items based on whole wheat, which also include cereals, work on improving the digestive system and prevent the formation of gallstones.
2. Reduction in Risk of Asthma
If a mother has breathing issues or is at a higher chance of getting them, having whole wheat bread as a part of the diet can help in cutting down the chances of any discomfort in respiration and signs of getting asthma as well.
3. Metabolism Maintenance
Along with other nutrients, bread that is made from whole wheat contains a rich quantity of vitamin B, riboflavin, niacin and thiamin. All of these elements belonging to the B-complex vitamin group play a key role in streamlining the body processes and regulating your metabolic activities.
4. Source of Vitamin C
5. Provides Enough Calcium
Calcium is a core element necessary for pregnant women and the development of their baby. The proportion of calcium present in whole wheat bread provides a good amount of it.
6. Regulation of Sugar
Gestational diabetes is a standard cause of worry for many pregnant women. The high proportion of fibre present in bread made from whole wheat plays a key role in regulating the levels of blood sugar and keeping any sudden increases in check.
7. Controlling Blood Pressure
Anxiety and stress during pregnancy lead to an increment in blood pressure through the body, which is not good for both the mother as well as the baby. Cholesterol and triglycerides, two major culprits for this, are kept in check by consumption of whole wheat bread.
8. Reduction in Cholesterol
The dietary fibre present in bread made from whole grains is essential for keeping the heart healthy, as it takes care of the cholesterol levels in the blood, keeping them in the safe range.
9. Stimulates Digestion
The fibres in food items play a key role in providing the roughage necessary for a digestive system to function well. The fibres in the bread act strongly in streamlining bowel movements and reduce the occurrences of constipation and diarrhoea.
Side Effects of Having Bread while Pregnant?
Although bread has a lot of nutritive value which provides multiple benefits, there are a few side effects one might experience in eating bread during pregnancy.
- The presence of amylopectin A in the bread made from wheat is known to boost the sugar levels present in the blood.
- The presence of gluten in bread can be a matter of concern for certain women since their bodies are unable to process and digest a protein as complex as it.
If bread forms an essential part of your daily diet, it is best to reduce it to a normal level and replace it with alternatives. Opting for brown bread during pregnancy instead of white bread is making a healthier choice that can benefit your body in the long run, as well as keep your dietary schedule convenient, too.
Also Read: Eating Cheese during Pregnancy