Sleeping Pattern of New-born Babies

Melatonin is a hormone generated by our bodies that helps us sleep. It is secreted in sufficient amounts during the night to allow us to have a good night’s sleep. Melatonin, which is released by mothers and persists in their bodies until roughly six weeks after birth, is used by babies while in the womb. As a result, newborns sleep longer. Babies begin to make their melatonin around the age of six weeks. Once their circadian rhythm is established, babies can begin to sleep soundly at night.

Circadian rhythm is a sleep-regulating natural and endogenous phenomenon. Every 24 hours, the sleep and wake cycle is generated. Melatonin is a sleep-controlling hormone produced by the pineal gland during the night.

Ways to help babies sleep well during the night:

1. Introducing day and night

To help newborns or infants sleep well at night, it is required to make them understand the concept of day and night, which can be done by following ways:

  • Taking on a morning walk and evening walk.
  • By opening the curtains to let the sunlight come into the house during the day.
  • By exposing the newborns to daily activities and minimal sound.
  • By using dim lights(preferably red lights) during the evenings and night.

2. Setting up a routine

Imagine coming into someone’s home in the darkness of night.  This is precisely how a newborn feels when it emerges from the womb into the world. So we can make the baby feel safe by letting them know what will happen next, and we do this by strategies to handle certain things at specific times and in particular ways.
For example, a gently warm bath or a sponge bath, feeding, diaper changing, putting on nightsuits, reading a tale to them, hugging, wishing them good night, and putting them to sleep.

3. Setting up the sleeping environment

Yes, you heard it right! Sleep environment is essential for babies to sleep well. It includes the following:

  • Darkroom/Dim lights
  • Low noise/white noise
  • Crib or cot which makes the baby feel secure
  • Dressing baby according to the room temperature. 

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