Nasya is one among the Panchakarma (therapeutic procedures) in Ayurveda in which the medicated drugs are administered through the nasal route (transnasal administration). Urdhwajathrugata rogas (diseases occurring above the clavicle) and their management have a special role in Ayurveda. The head being the prime seat of knowledge and also the prime controller of the entire body, it has been termed as the Uthamanga (superior among the organs). So the diseases in the Urdhwajathru have been clearly highlighted in the Ayurveda classics along with their management. Nasya is the main therapy mentioned here.
The literal meaning of the word ‘Nasya’ is ‘being in the nose’ or ‘the thing beneficial to the nose’. Nasya is particularly effective in the treatment of diseases occurring in the organs situated above the neck, which indirectly works on the whole body by improving the functioning of endocrine glands and nervous system.
The nose is said to be the main gateway to the head. The medicines administered through the nose reach the brain via the nasal route and act as the higher centres of the brain controlling different neurological, endocrinal and circulatory functions and thus acts at both local and system levels.
Our classical texts have mentioned various types of Nasya according to different aspects like the mode of action, method of administration, form of the drug, the quantity of drug used, etc.
Unlike other Panchakarma therapies, some pre measures and post measures are to be taken when doing Nasya. But the result obtained will be very quick.
Nasya is effective in conditions like
Lubricates the nasal passage
Stiffness and pain of head, neck or jaw.
Hoarseness of voice
Certain eye and ear disorders
Gives more mental clarity
Calms down the nervous system
Out of the many types of Nasya, the very common types are Marsha Nasya and Pratimarsha Nasya. Both are same in principle. But the main difference between them is of dose. In Pratimarsha Nasya, one-two drops are given while in Marsha Nasya the dose is six-ten drops. Pratimarsha Nasya has many advantages such as having almost no contraindications, done in a very low dose, and it is indicated for daily practice.
Lie down in supine position with head and neck low position.
Instil the prescribed dose of medicine in one nostril while the other is closed.
Pinch the nose once and after releasing, suck the oil up.
Spit the oil when it reaches the throat.
Repeat the same procedure in the other nostril too.
Pre and post measures are to be taken before and after Nasya.
Nasya is a preventive, curative as well as rejuvenation therapy and it helps in the general well being of the individual. The efficacy of the Nasya karma mentioned in Ayurveda classics about thousands of years ago can be demonstrated even in the present era with the help of modern scientific parameters. Nasya is a safe and effective therapy when done in a proper and systemic way. However, before doing this therapy it is advised to consult and discuss your present health condition with an Ayurveda physician to experience the best results without suffering from any complications.
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