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India’s Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) was started to eradicate the diseases that kill children under 5 years of age. The first one was the rota virus vaccine, which prevents life-threatening diarrhoea. The second one is the pneumococcal vaccine which is to eradicate bacterial pneumonia.In addition to saving millions of lives, it also prevents millions of children from being hospitalised. Even though a huge initiative was taken in recent years, it is devastating to know that millions still die each year in India before they reach their fifth birthday.The World Health Organisation (WHO) says, “Immunisation averts an estimated 2-3 million deaths every year, providing protection from diphtheria, measles, pertussis (whooping cough), pneumonia, polio, rota virus diarrhoea, rubella and tetanus. Yet, an estimated 22 million infants are not fully immunised with routine vaccines. There is an urgent need to better communicate the health benefits of vaccination and the dangers of not immunising children.”
Not only do vaccines protect against a variety of diseases, but they are also extremely safe. There might be pain and fever for a couple of days. But that’s it and it is nothing compared to the deadly diseases it prevents. If a child (or adult) is immunised, they are literally preventing an epidemic from starting.
So better be safe than sorry. Diseases give you physical, mental and financial trouble. Vaccination saves you from that. And at the national level, immunisation has not only cut mortality rates in children but also made them healthy and strong.The vaccine contains an antigen ( invader) is injected to the body. These antigens are usually deactivated. When our system detects these antigens, it sees them as a invader and generates antibodies (proteins that attack foreign particles.). So when a real virus tries to enter the body, the appropriate antibodies are generated to fight the virus. This makes our body immune to the virus. The antibodies will be in our body for a long time and will cast off the virus in case of an attack.
Now that you know why vaccination is important for your child, please diligently follow the vaccination schedule as it is extremely important. And always follow up with a doctor in case of any doubts.
The protection of our future generation lies in our hands.