Pregnancy is one of the best times of a woman’s life. If you are in the second trimester of your pregnancy, there is still some time left before you feel the flutters and kicks that your child is going to reward you with. The second trimester is more relaxed and easier than the first trimester, and you get back to your energetic self. It is also known as the honeymoon period of pregnancy, but that does not mean there won’t be any complications. You might encounter a few complications once you step into your second trimester of pregnancy. Here, we share some useful insights on the problems that you might face during your second trimester.
Problems during the Second Trimester of Pregnancy
For most pregnant women, the second trimester is the most comfortable time of their pregnancy. A woman should utilise this time to take care of herself and baby and plan for his arrival. It is in the second trimester you will notice that your baby is growing very quickly. The tiny lump in your womb is quickly taking shape, and you will see it in the ultrasound reports that your doctor would conduct in between your 18th and 22nd weeks of pregnancy. Though this is the easiest period during your pregnancy, there are big changes that are taking place in your body. Listed below are some of the second-trimester problems that you might face:
The risk of miscarriage is much lower in the second trimester, but there are still some chances of it to occur. Vaginal bleeding is the first symptom of having a miscarriage. A miscarriage is one of the most common second trimester complications that pregnant women face. It can be caused due to several factors like uterine septum wall, in which the septum or a wall divides the uterus into two separate parts. An incompetent cervix can cause the cervix to open up too soon leading to early birth. An autoimmune disease like lupus or scleroderma can also lead to a miscarriage. Chromosomal abnormalities can also lead up to a miscarriage. However, not all bleeding cause miscarriages. Your doctor may suggest that you take a shot of immunoglobin. Consult your caregiver to locate the reason for your vaginal bleeding and get treated for it.
2. Preterm Labour
When you experience labour pain before the 38th week, it is known as preterm labour. There are various reasons for preterm labour to occur such as a bladder infection, chronic health conditions like diabetes or any other kidney disease, active and passive smoking. A pregnant woman who has already experienced preterm labour in her previous pregnancy is at a higher risk of going through it again. Twin pregnancy complications in the second trimester may also lead to preterm labour. Look out for the signs like tightening of the abdomen, frequent urination, or increased vaginal discharge. Check with your doctor immediately if you notice any of these signs.
Preterm premature rupture of the membranes is a common phenomenon in pregnancy. It is common for membranes to get ruptured during labour. This occurs when the amniotic sac which holds the baby securely in the womb breaks during labour to assist in the delivery of the baby. However, if this happens any time soon then it is worrisome as the baby will get exposed to infections very easily. This can lead to preterm delivery.
4. Cervical Insufficiency
The tissue that connects the vagina and the uterus is known as the cervix. Sometimes this delicate tissue is unable to withstand the pressure that the uterus exerts on it causing it to give away and open up. An early opening up of the cervix before the 39th week causes an early birth. At 20th week, the foetus is too premature to exist outside its cocoon, the uterus. Such a pregnancy often results in termination.
A high blood pressure, increased protein in the urine or excessive oedema are potential causes of preeclampsia. This condition affects every system in the body including placenta. During pregnancy, the placenta is responsible for carrying nutrients to the baby. Typically preeclampsia is found to occur in the third trimester, but some women risk getting it in their second trimester as well. Talk to your doctor if you experience loss of vision or spots in vision. This can be accompanied with severe pain the abdomen or on your right side of the body.
Pregnancy causes your centre of gravity to shift making you prone to injuries and falls. Losing your balance easily can be disastrous when you are pregnant. Along with the change in gravity, a growing belly also puts you at risk of losing your balance and hurting yourself. Consider installing grab rails in the bathrooms or near slippery areas. Buy yourself an anti-skid mat for your bathroom.
7. Respiratory Problems
Breathing problems during the second trimester of pregnancy occur due to the growing baby trying to push itself up to your lungs. Sometimes, hormonal changes also lead to breathing troubles. Due to increased blood flow, the membranes lining the nose swell up causing them to block the nose and in some cases even bleed. Waking up to a stuffy nose or snoring while sleeping is a common problem during the second trimester. Sleep problems during pregnancy second trimester such as insomnia are also quite common.
8. Gestational Diabetes
As the pregnancy advances, the requirement of the foetus for more nutrition also increase along with the mother’s glucose levels. This temporary increase in the blood sugar level during pregnancy is known as gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes raises the risk of a difficult birth. However, you can keep gestational diabetes away by eating healthy food, exercising, and taking medications regularly if prescribed by your doctor.
9. Bleeding Gums
Most of the pregnant women go through gum bleeding issues during their second trimester. Due to hormonal changes in the body, more blood rushes into your gums causing them to bleed. Be gentle to yourself when you brush your teeth. Buy yourself a soft toothbrush and go easy on the flossing routine. However, it is important that you maintain good dental hygiene to avoid any complications in the second trimester of your pregnancy. Pregnant women who have periodontal diseases are more likely to deliver a low-weight baby or go into preterm labour.
Haemorrhoids are varicose veins that are usually found around the anus. They are veins that swell up and become enlarged due to the increased blood flow in the body during pregnancy. Sometimes the growing uterus also puts pressure on these veins causing them to get enlarged. They are very painful and can get extremely itchy at times. Sit in a sitz bath or a warm tub of water to get relief from this condition.
The second trimester is usually a relaxed time during the pregnancy period. You will feel much better and enthusiastic. However, the second trimester also comes with its own set of challenges and complications. If you experience any physical pain or notice any abnormality in your pregnancy, reach out to your doctor immediately. Do not wait for your next scheduled prenatal visit. It is imperative to start the right treatment at the earliest if you face any issue during your pregnancy. Stay happy and have a healthy pregnancy.