Maca - A Wonder Herb to Help Improve Fertility in Men & Women

Maca – Your Wonder Herb for Fertility

Medically Reviewed By
Megha Mukhija (Paediatric Nutritionist)
View more Paediatric Nutritionist Our Panel of Experts

A couple who is planning to start a family but has fertility problems will be asked to maintain a good diet, exercise, and lead a healthy lifestyle in order to improve their fertility levels. But following a healthy diet and exercising may not work for all couples. They may have to resort to certain herbs which are known for their fertility-enhancing properties. If your fertility issues are still not resolved, on doing enough research, you may have come across the herb ‘maca’, which is known to improve fertility levels, energy, and libido. But how does this wonder herb work? Let’s find out! Read on to learn more about this herb, its benefits, how to take it, and side effects, if any!

What Is Maca?

Maca, which is also known as Peruvian Ginseng and Lepidium Meyenii, is a cruciferous herb that resembles a turnip. Maca is the only food crop that can grow in extremely harsh conditions. The plant faces harsh winds, intense sunlight, and freezing weather while growing and has been used by the natives of Peru for over two millennia as food and medicine.

Maca is divided into different categories depending on the colour of the root. These can be pink, black, yellow, or red. The yellow kind is the most commercially sought after type of Maca root. Maca contains many different nutrients that offer egg and sperm support, for improving libido and energy as well as help those who have high-stress levels.

Now let’s find out how maca works for fertility.

How Does Maca Work for Fertility?

Maca is nourishing for the endocrine system as it helps the adrenal, thyroid, and pituitary glands and can influence the important hormones in both men and women, though it does not contain any hormones itself. It has 60 different phytonutrients and 31 different minerals and also contains glucosinolates, which is the compound that affects fertility in men and women. This is what makes maca a good choice for infertility.

How Does Maca Work for Fertility?

Benefits of Maca for Boosting Fertility

Here are some ways that Maca benefits fertility:

1. It acts as an Aphrodisiac

The sterols in maca have been known to boost testosterone and block estrogen production. The natural hormone-balancing properties also aid in this function as the fatty acids, zinc and iodine help balance the sex hormones.

2. Helps Balance the Hormones

Though the root itself does not contain any hormones, it acts as an endocrine adaptogen, as it contains the nutrients required to support healthy and natural hormone production. The hypothalamus and the pituitary glands are known as the master glands in the body, and these get highly nourished by the nutrients present in Maca. When these master glands are balanced, they help restore the balance of other glands such as the thyroid, testicular, ovarian and pancreas glands. Women who are going through menopause, hot flashes or even PMS tend to benefit from this herb.

3. Improves Sperm Count and Regulates Cycles

There have been studies that show that Maca can help improve sperm count, which in turn can enhance fertility in men. For women, it can help regulate their cycles, which improve their fertility.

Maca root is high in minerals like calcium, potassium, magnesium, zinc, iron, and phosphorous. It also contains sterols, fibre, twenty essential fatty acids, lipids, protein, amino acids, and carbohydrates which can help improve health. Furthermore, maca powder is readily available in many health food stores. It is also available in the form of capsules. Maca powder or capsules are cheaper than most fertility treatments and have a good record of helping people with fertility problems by helping regulate the hormones.

How to Take Maca for Fertility

If you are taking maca for fertility, ensure that you choose the maca that contains only the root and does not have either the leaves or the stem. Maca is available in three forms: powder, capsules and tincture. These three forms in which you can buy maca are discussed below:

1. Maca Powder

The powdered form of maca comes in two types. One is raw maca powder, and the other is gelatinized maca powder. The raw powder is just plain maca root that is taken and crushed, while the gelatinised powder first undergoes a vegetarian process where the starch in maca is removed to make it more concentrated, and so that the assimilation is improved. Also, the gelatinized maca powder is easier to digest. Maca powder can be added to smoothies, juice, baked goods, and yoghurt. No animal ingredients are used in the gelatinised powder, so it can be used by both vegans and vegetarians.

2. Maca Capsules

Most people prefer maca root capsules for fertility as they are more convenient and can be consumed at any time with a glass of water.

3. Maca Tincture

This liquid extract of the root has the medicinal properties of the maca and can be added to juice or smoothies. It can also be taken with plain water.

Maca Tincture

Recommended Daily Intake of Maca for Fertility

The general maca dosage for fertility is 1000 to 3000 mg per day. It can be taken in one dose, or it can be consumed throughout the day in smaller dosages. As maca can be quite stimulating when it comes to energy and tends to give it a boost, it is best taken before 3 pm so that it does not interfere with your sleep at night. Note: Fluid intake is a must with maca. So make sure you drink enough water when taking maca, be it in any form.

Are There Any Side Effects of Consuming Maca for Fertility?

Maca is considered to be very safe for consumption. But some women may experience stomach upsets and spotting initially, i.e;, when they start taking the plain, non-gelatinized maca. They may experience spotting or a change in their menstrual cycles, but this is normal and should not be a cause for concern as it is taken as a sign that the hormones in your body are beginning to balance themselves due to the supporting nutrients and minerals that maca provides.

Maca is a wonder herb and can improve fertility. It can be used on its own to try and solve fertility problems and also with other herbs that help improve fertility as it is a great superfood, supplement, and tonic. But it should not be taken during pregnancy.

If you’re looking to improve your fertility levels with this herb, we suggest that you check with a doctor and understand the benefits and potential side effects of maca to make an informed decision.

Also Read: Best Herbs to Boost Fertility

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Aarohi Achwal holds a bachelor’s degree in Commerce and a master’s degree in English Literature. While working as an intern for an English daily, she realised that she likes writing above anything else. The idea of being heard without having to speak appeals to her. She likes to write research-based articles that are informative and relevant. She has written articles on pregnancy, parenting, and relationships. And she would like to continue creating content on health and lifestyle.