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The chickpea is a legume of the family Fabaceae. Today, India is one of the largest producers of chickpeas in the world. Chickpeas are an excellent source of plant-based protein, zinc, iron, fibre, and phosphorous. You can consume chickpeas for breakfast or you can even have them for dinner. But can chickpeas be given to babies? If you have this question in mind, then worry not. Read to know if you can provide chickpeas to your little one.
When Can You Introduce Chickpeas to Infants?
Chickpeas can be introduced to babies once they reach eight months of age. However, the best time to add chickpeas to your baby’s diet is between eight and ten months of age.
Different Types of Chickpeas
Chickpeas are of two types–the large, white or beige coloured are known as ‘Kabuli gram’ or ‘garbanzo beans’ and the smaller, harder ones are known as ‘Bengal gram’. Bengal gram can vary in colour from dark green to reddish brown.
Nutritional Value of Garbanzo Beans
One cup of boiled chickpeas (164 grams) contains 269 calories. Find out what other nutrients chickpeas contain:
Benefits of Chickpeas for Infants
The benefits of giving chickpeas to babies are umpteen. Find out how chickpeas can help in the development of your baby.
1. The Growth of the Baby
Chickpeas are an excellent source of protein. In fact, chickpeas and beans are the core source of protein in a vegetarian diet. Proteins are necessary for the creation of new cells, muscle, cartilage, blood, hormones and enzymes in a baby. A growing baby needs high amounts of protein to fuel growth. Thus, giving chickpeas to a baby meets his protein requirement.
2. Brain Development
Chickpeas even contain a small number of polyunsaturated fats. Unsaturated fats are essential for your baby, as they help in brain development, provide energy, and soften the skin. Unsaturated fats are also necessary to move around certain fat-soluble vitamins, from one part of the body to another.
3. Prevents Anaemia
Chickpeas are an excellent source of iron. Iron is a necessary element for the creation of new red blood cells. If the body doesn’t get the requisite amount of iron, it fails to create new red blood cells resulting in a decline of active red-blood cells. This condition is called anaemia. Thus, chickpeas can prevent anaemia in babies.
4. Strengthens Bones and Muscles
Calcium is necessary for the growth of bones and to maintain the health of the teeth. It also plays a role in muscle contraction and nerve stimulation in its elemental molecular form. Chickpeas contain calcium in adequate amounts and can serve as a supplementary source of calcium to milk.
5. Promotes Digestive Health
Chickpeas provide the right amount of fibre. Fibre helps bind food waste and supports proper bowel movement. Bacteria in the large intestine can metabolise the fibre in chickpeas to produce “Short-Chain Fatty-Acids” (SCFAs). These SCFAs serve as a fuel to intestinal cells, renewing their health and lowering the risk of colon problems such as colon cancer.
6. Helps In Absorption of Nutrients From Other Foods
Your little one has a digestive system that is transitioning to solid food. It means that they need to have everything in their dietary arsenal to ensure that they get the maximum nutrition. Chickpeas contain Manganese which helps the body absorb nutrients like Vitamin B and Vitamin E better.
7. Improves the Health of the Heart
The presence of soluble fibre, antioxidants and polyunsaturated fats make chickpeas valuable food to maintain the health of the heart. A moderate daily intake of garbanzo has been seen to lower LDL cholesterol, triglycerides and total cholesterol in a one month period. While bad cholesterol levels aren’t generally associated with infant health, cholesterol levels build up through life. That is why children who grow up overweight are highly at risk of future cardiovascular disease.
8. Promotes Cell Regeneration
Chickpeas contain Folate which is a type of vitamin. It is necessary for the recreation of DNA, which happens every time a new cell is created, making it a crucial part of cell formation and a child’s growth.
9. Lowers Risk Of Diabetes
Chickpeas contain complex carbohydrates, which the body breaks down and obtains energy from slowly. Easily released energy from foods such as sugar and white rice can cause spikes and dips in blood sugar that could aggravate a child’s pre-existing condition of hypoglycaemia or type-1 diabetes. A diet rich in slow-energy-releasing carbohydrates in place of refined (fast-releasing carbohydrates) reduces the risk of type-2 diabetes in the future. This is particularly important to pay attention to if relatives of the mother of the father have diabetes.
10. Strengthens The Immune System
Zinc helps your baby’s immune system. It is also essential for the functioning of more than 70 types of enzymes in the body.
After Effects of Consuming Chickpeas for Infants
Legumes such as garbanzo beans that have a high protein content can cause intestinal gas in toddlers. The severity of gas varies from person to person. It is advised to introduce chickpeas in small amounts into your child’s diet, giving their metabolic processes time to get used to the new food. A little flatulence shouldn’t be a cause for worry, however, if the severity of gas is so high that it causes stomach pains and discomfort, stop immediately.
Children who are allergic to soy or other lentils or even latex are likely to be allergic to chickpeas. Also, if you have a relative with a history of allergy to chickpeas, it would be best to test for allergy in your child.
Early warning signs for intolerance:
How to Select and Store Garbanzo beans for Baby?
- A batch of fresh garbanzo beans will all be firm, clean and of the same colour. Do not pick if they look shrivelled.
- Choose uncooked chickpea seeds. They can easily be stored in an air-tight container or the plastic bag they come in.
- Pre-cooked or roasted chickpeas have a limited shelf life. Furthermore, roasting degrades some of its nutritional value.
- Store cooked chickpeas in the refrigerator.
Easy Garbanzo Cooking Tips
- Rinse the seeds under running water, rub them with your fingers and clean them before soaking.
- Soak raw chickpeas overnight before you cook them or they will be inedible. If you do not have a whole night, but you still do have about 5 – 6 hours, soak them in warm water, for quicker absorption. This applies to Kabuli gram which being softer, requires less soaking than Bengal gram.
- Not all chickpea seeds may cook evenly. You may find a few of them still relatively hard after cooking. Mash cooked chickpea before feeding it to your infant. This way you can avoid any hard ones, which could pose a choking hazard.
- Soaking in water and later cooking, will double the size of the chickpeas, so measure accordingly!
- Chickpeas are heavy, so introduce them in tiny amounts to your baby.
- If your baby doesn’t mind the taste, add ginger and garlic while cooking garbanzo. These aid digestion and reduce gas.
- Do not add softening agents like baking powder when cooking chickpeas. It will increase the sodium content of the food. High sodium in the blood is associated with weight gain, high blood pressure and linked diseases.
Homemade Chickpea Recipes for Babies
Chickpeas can be smoothly pureed after cooking, making them an excellent base for some yummy baby food!
1. Chickpeas and Vegetables Puree
Pure, natural goodness makes a smooth and healthy chickpea dish for babies.
- Chickpeas (Kabuli or Bengal)– 3tbsp (Soaked Overnight)
- Potato cut into small pieces – 1 small
- Tomato sliced – 1 small
- Green Peas (Fresh or frozen) – 1 tbsp
- Cook the chickpeas in about 1 cup of water, in a pressure cooker for 6 whistles.
- Cook the other vegetables in a pressure cooker for 2 whistles.
- Drain the excess water from the cookers. Leave a small amount of the water to aid in mashing.
- Blend in a blender or mash manually.
2. Chickpeas and Peas Seasoned Puree
This chickpea puree recipe for babies is a dish that even adults will enjoy!
- Garbanzo Beans (a.k.a Kabuli gram) – 5tbsp (Soaked overnight)
- Peas (Fresh or frozen) – 2tbsp
- Garlic – 1clove
- Cumin – 1pinch
- Vegetable oil (or any other oil, butter or ghee to sauté) – 1tsp
- Cook the garbanzo beans in a pressure cooker, with 1.5 cups of water. Cook for 6 whistles.
- Cook the green peas in a pressure cooker with 1 cup of water, for 2 whistles.
- Saute the garlic (chopped finely) and the cumin.
- Add the cooked beans and green peas, with a little bit of broth water from the green peas and mix all the ingredients well.
- Blend or mash the dish to serve!
*The garlic and cumin in this dish help with gas. The broth water is taken from the cooked green peas as removing the water from the cooked chickpeas reduces some gas causing agents in it.
3. Chickpea and Apple Curry
This dish harmonises the distinctly sweet taste of apple and sweet potato with the savoury flavour of bell peppers.
- Garbanzo Beans – 4tbsp (soaked overnight)
- Potato – 1 small (diced)
- Sweet potato – 1 small (diced)
- Apple (red) – 1 (diced)
- Red Bell Pepper – 1 small (cut and de-seeded)
- Onion – ½ of 1small onion (chop finely)
- Green Peas (fresh or frozen) – ½ cup
- Olive oil (can be replaced by other vegetable oil) – 1tbsp
- Curry powder – 1 and ½ tsp
- Cook the garbanzo in 1 cup water for 6 whistles in a pressure cooker.
- Cook the peas in 1 cup water for 2 whistles in a pressure cooker.
- In a pan (pan with a lid is preferred), heat the oil.
- Add the potato, sweet potato, onion and the curry powder. Mix well and saute.
- Cook with closed lid on a low flame until potatoes become tender.
- Add the red bell pepper, and the drained chickpeas and green peas. Mix it and cook on a low flame with the lid closed, for another 5 minutes.
- Add the diced apple and cook it uncovered, until the apple becomes soft.
- When cooled, blend this in a mixture.
4. Chickpea Puree with Apple and Pear
The relative blandness of chickpeas helps to mix it easily into sweet and savoury dishes. This dish makes use of only the natural sweetness of the ingredients.
- Garbanzo beans – 1 tbsp (soaked overnight)
- Pear – 1 (diced)
- Apple Juice – 6tbsp
- Raisins – 1 and ½ tsp
- Cinnamon – 2pinch
- Cook the chickpeas in a pressure cooker for 6 whistles. Drain and keep aside.
- Put the pear, raisins and apple juice in a pan and bring it to a boil.
- Once it achieves boiling temperature, reduce flame and continue cooking for 2 minutes.
- Add the chickpeas and continue cooking for 3 minutes.
- Add cinnamon and puree. Use more apple juice if it is too dry to blend.
5. Chickpea, Banana and Pumpkin Puree
Another sweet chickpea dish for your baby!
- Pumpkin – 1 and ½ tbsp
- Chickpeas (Garbanzo beans) – ½ tbsp (soaked overnight)
- Banana – ½ of a small, ripe banana
- Cook the chickpeas in water.
- Finely chop up the pumpkin and cook it with a little water in a pan until it is soft and pasty.
- Blend all the ingredients and serve!
Chickpeas are an excellent food to introduce to your child. It’s short, and long-term health benefits make it worthwhile for a child to develop a taste for it!
Also Read: Health Benefits of Sabudana for Babies