Sore Throat in Pregnancy: Causes & Home Remedies

Sore Throat in Pregnancy: Causes & Home Remedies

Changing weather can take a toll on your health, especially during pregnancy. Common ailments such as a sore throat can get quite tricky to treat during pregnancy because you may want to avoid taking medicines for a cough and cold for your baby’s well-being. Read this article, to know more on a sore throat during pregnancy and the ways to tackle it.

What is a Sore Throat During Pregnancy

An inflammation of the pharynx or pharyngitis is usually located at the back part of the throat. It is simply known as a sore throat. If your throat becomes inflamed and red or if you experience trouble in swallowing and breathing, this is an indication that you may be suffering from a sore throat. A sore throat usually does not cause much concern during pregnancy and subsides within a few days.

Causes of a Sore Throat When Pregnant

The common causes of a sore throat during pregnancy can be:

However, some other causes of a sore throat are as follows:

  • Allergic reaction
  • Acid reflux
  • Sinusitis
  • Fungal infection
  • Strained throat muscles
  • Pollutants or chemicals
  • Pregnancy hormones
  • Postnatal drips

A pregnant woman sick

Signs and Symptoms

In case you are experiencing any of the following signs and symptoms during pregnancy, there are chances that you may be suffering from a sore throat:

  • Your tonsils may be red and swollen.
  • You may have severe pain in your throat.
  • You may experience a lack of energy and weakness.
  • You may have a headache.
  • You may have a poor appetite.
  • You may have a fever.
  • You may notice white spots on your throat.
  • You may experience difficulty in breathing.
  • You may have a swelling around your neck.
  • You may experience difficulty in eating and swallowing.
  • You may have enlarged lymph nodes.

Caring Tips

The following tips may help provide relief from a sore throat during pregnancy:

  • You may be prone to illness during pregnancy, so it is advised that you take ample rest during this time. It will help your body in healing soon.
  • Eat a home-cooked meal, which is rich in vitamins and minerals and helps in combating the infection.
  • Keep yourself hydrated and drink ample fluids.
  • Do not consume any food items that may have preservatives in them as this may aggravate your condition.
  • Do not consume cold, aerated or fizzy drinks.
  • Steam inhalation helps in relieving symptoms of a sore throat.
  • Do not share your towel, utensils, and other such personal belongings as these things may spread the infection to others.
  • Wash your hands after you sneeze or a cough to get rid of the germs.
  • Gargle with warm saline water 3 to 4 times a day can also relieve the symptoms of a sore throat.

A pregnant woman drinks water


Treatment options that your doctor may consider for the treatment of a sore throat are:

  • If you have a sore throat because of some bacterial infection, then your doctor may prescribe you some antibiotics.
  • You may be given cough drops, throat sprays, or cough syrup to reduce the inflammation.

If you have a sore throat because of acid reflux, your doctor may prescribe antacids. Do not take over-the-counter medicines to treat a sore throat during pregnancy and seek medical help.


The best way to combat any infection or disease during pregnancy is through prevention. Your immunity strength is affected during pregnancy, and thus this easily increases your chances of catching various infections like a sore throat. However, following preventive measures may help:

  • Do not come in close contact with a person who already has a sore throat.
  • Stay hydrated as it will save you from catching infections during pregnancy.
  • Always wash your hands after using public washrooms.

Home Remedies for a Sore Throat during Pregnancy

Home remedies work wonders in treating sore throat, and you may want to consider this option because you may not want to pop in unnecessary medicines during pregnancy. Here are some age-old and effective home remedial measures that may provide relief from the symptoms of a sore throat in early pregnancy and also in the later stages of pregnancy:

1. Honey and lemon tea

Honey and lemon tea is very beneficial in battling the symptoms of a sore throat. Honey soothes your throat and lemon helps in breaking the mucous, which causes a sore throat. You can drink this tea 2-3 times a day. You can add honey and lemon juice in a cup of warm water, let it come to room temperature and then drink.

Honey and lemon tea

2. Salt water gargles

Gargling with salt water is one of the best ways for treating sore throat. This may also be recommended by your doctor. Warm water with salt even helps in hydrating the membranes of your throat. Take a glass of warm water and put half a teaspoon of salt in it. Gargle with this warm salt water few times a day.

3. Steam Inhalation

Steam inhalation effectively treats the symptoms of a sore throat. Steam inhalation also helps clear any nasal congestion. Though it is recommended to be extra careful while taking steam inhalation as there is a potent risk of burning because of the hot steam.

Steam inhalation

4. Water

Staying hydrated helps in combating this infection. Drinking adequate water helps in thinning the mucus and flushing it out from the body. You can even drink herbal teas or soups to keep your body hydrated.

5. Ginger Tea

Ginger is loaded with antibacterial and antifungal properties and thus is very effective in treating a sore throat. Add grated ginger to a cup of boiling water and allow it to boil for a few minutes. Strain and let it cool down. You may add honey for sweetness.

Ginger tea

6. Chamomile Tea

Drinking chamomile tea provides relief from inflammation and soothes the throat. It not only helps in fighting the bacteria but it also provides relief from the pain in the throat.

7. Candy

Eating candy increases saliva formation, which in turn helps in cleansing the throat. Your doctor may also recommend you some cough drops. Eating candies help in the formation of saliva, which is beneficial in clearing the throat.

A sore throat is not a serious illness during pregnancy and you need not worry yourself. However, do not take it lightly. Get immediate medical assistance once you register the symptoms of this infection.

Also Read: Dry Cough in Pregnancy