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Some newborn babies are born with a birthmark on their skin, which is also known as a salmon patch because of its pinkish or reddish tinge. Parents may worry about these patches on their baby’s skin. However, these are a very common phenomenon in newborn babies, and these patches may fade after some time. If you are intrigued to know more on this topic, then you should read the following article that discusses various aspects related to salmon patches in newborns.
What is a Salmon Patch?
When tiny blood vessels or capillaries dilate, salmon patches form on the newborn baby’s skin. In a simpler language, salmon patches are birthmarks. These flat pink or red patches do not have any defined borders. These may appear of both dark and fair skin babies. When a salmon patch appears on the face, it is referred as angel kiss, and when it is present on the back of the neck, it is called a stork bite. Here is some more information on a salmon patch.
1. Where are Salmon Patches Found?
Salmon patches are flat and pinkish or reddish tinge patches that can be found between the eyebrows, over the eyelids, around the mouth, on the nose or on the nape of the neck.
2. Who Gets Salmon Patches?
All babies have salmon patches before they are born. However, only 70 per cent of the babies may have salmon patches after birth. Though most of these patches disappear within one to two years after birth, some may remain on your baby’s skin even after that.
3. Are They Infectious?
No, salmon patches are not infectious. These patches appear due to the dilated capillaries on the baby’s skin and not because of some viral or bacterial infection.
4. Difference Between Stork Bites and Angel Kisses
Angel kisses and stork bites are both salmon patches, but they mainly have two differences. The first difference is in their location that is angel kisses appear on the front side, and stork bites appear on the back side that is on the nape of the neck of a baby. The other difference is the difference in time that they may take in fading away. Angel kisses disappear earlier than the stork bites, and in some cases, stork bites may not disappear and stay on the baby’s skin.
5. How Long Do These Patches Last?
Angel kisses usually do not last very long and disappear after some time, in most cases within a year. However, stork bites most likely remain in approximately 50 per cent of the cases.
6. Can it be Prevented?
If you think that these patches may occur because of something that you didn’t take care about during your pregnancy or something that you could have done to prevent the patches, then you are highly mistaken. You cannot prevent these patches as there is not enough scientific evidence that states what causes salmon patch eye or salmon patches on your baby’s body.
What Causes Salmon Patch?
It is very extremely normal for the parents to question what causes stork bites or angel kisses in babies. And also they want to know if there is anything that could have done to prevent these patches. The thing is, there is a possibility that birthmarks are inherited. But as far as causes are concerned, there is no known cause that can establish why salmon patches occur on a baby’s skin.
These stretched blood vessels under the skin may become more pronounced when your baby cries, gets upset or there is some change in the room temperature. However, it is important for the parents to understand that salmon patches are extremely harmless and benign marks on their baby’s skin. These marks will gradually disappear and may not affect the baby’s growth and development.
Symptoms of Salmon Patch Birthmark
Salmon patches can be very easily established by their appearance. Here are some of the symptoms of salmon patch rash or salmon patch:
- They are visible on the face or on the nape of the neck.
- They are pink or red in colour
- They are flat marks on the skin
- These patches do not have defined borders
- These patches do not cause any kind of itchiness or pain.
It is suggested that as soon as you notice any mark on your baby’s skin, you should get in checked by your doctor to know whether or not it is harmful to your baby. Refrain from any kind of self-diagnosis and assumptions regarding the marks on your baby’s skin.
Your doctor can easily establish a salmon patch by simply looking at it. However, apart from the appearance the location of the mark also helps your doctor is making the correct diagnosis. There may not be any requirement or any other test or biopsy to confirm the diagnosis unless your doctor feels otherwise.
Salmon Patch Treatment
There is no requirement of any kind of treatment for a salmon patch. It is recommended that you wait for the patch to disappear on its own, which is usually a year or two after your baby’s birth. Angel kisses or stork marks are extremely harmless and do not cause any kind of medical complications in babies. However, if the birthmark is present after a few years, you may consider salmon patch birthmark removal by laser. If you do not want to go in for a laser surgery then make-up can be used to cover the angel kisses whereas stork marks usually get covered by hair.
When to See a Doctor?
Birthmarks are harmless, and the birthmark skin behaves like normal skin only. If your doctor has confirmed that the mark on your baby’s skin is a salmon patch, then there is no need to worry. However, if you notice any change in your baby’s birthmark, then you need to act immediately. If you notice any swelling, bleeding, crack or any other unusual symptoms on or around your baby’s birthmark skin, you should seek immediate medical help.
A mark on your baby’s body may invoke concern in parents, and it is very normal to feel so. However, it is also true that most angel kisses and stork bites are temporary and may soon disappear from your baby’s skin. If you have any concern about salmon marks on your baby’s skin, you should get in touch with your doctor.