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If you’ve gone through an intrauterine insemination procedure, there is nothing quite like the period of waiting that follows it. The anxiety that follows can be overbearing. However, the joy of finding out that you are pregnant can be equally or even more exhilarating.
What Is an IUI Pregnancy?
Pregnancy by way of IUI is an option offered to couples who have trouble conceiving naturally. In this procedure, the sperm is directly inserted into the uterus to increase the chances of fertilisation. A catheter is used to place the sperm in the uterus of the woman. This method has been successful in many cases and is one of the best ways of artificial insemination available.
How Successful is IUI?
The success rate of a pregnancy through IUI depends on various factors, including the age of the woman, serious fertility-related issues that probably haven’t been diagnosed, whether fertility drugs were used, and so on. Hence, the rate of success does differ from woman to woman. On average though, a woman who is under 35 years of age has a 10-20% chance of getting pregnant with each IUI. A woman over 40 years of age, on the other hand, has a 2-5% chance.
When Do You Start Experiencing the Symptoms of Pregnancy?
Some women may see early signs or symptoms of pregnancy after the treatment. However, this is usually due to the intake of drugs that contain progesterone, which leads to a feeling of tenderness in the breasts, bloating, and fatigue. Actual pregnancy symptoms usually appear after two weeks.
Pregnancy Symptoms After the IUI Process
Symptoms of implantation after an IUI procedure are similar to those of a normal pregnancy. Some of them include:
1. Implantation Bleeding
One of the first signs of implantation is implantation bleeding. While not every woman experiences this, it is considered to be normal either way. Implantation bleeding happens when the egg deposits itself in the lining of the uterus causing a small vaginal discharge that can be easily mistaken for periods. Cramps can often accompany this. It is usually observed around six to twelve days after conception.
2. Menstrual Delay
A delay in periods is a big hint towards the possibility of conception. While spotting or light bleeding may be noticed in between, it is very likely that there is nothing to be worried about. If you notice any unusual bleeding that’s worrying you, you can always consult a doctor.
3. Tenderness in Breasts
If your breasts feel heavy, sensitive and a little sore, you may be headed towards pregnancy. Swelling and tenderness in the breasts are symptoms that are common during periods as well. However, if this symptom persists even after a delay in your periods, it would be wise to take a pregnancy test.
Common symptoms also include nausea or morning sickness. This may be triggered due to an intense odour, an aversion to a particular food, or sometimes, for no reason at all. This happens due to an increase in the levels of the hormone oestrogen in your body.
You may feel very tired during this time due to a high level of progesterone in your system, as this hormone is known to induce sleep. In addition to this, your blood pressure and your blood sugar levels also lower, causing a rise in the production of blood in your body. This expends a lot of energy and contributes to the feeling of fatigue.
6. Cravings and Aversions
You may develop an intense, almost unnatural craving for certain foods, while at the same time, not be able to stand certain smells. This is a symptom of pregnancy that can stay with you for quite a while, even up until the end of childbirth. Your food cravings may often have you searching for food at odd times! These cravings and aversions towards smells and foods are caused due to hormonal changes in the body.
7. Consistently High Body Temperature
An increase in the level of progesterone can raise your body temperature. If you’ve been noticing a rise in your body temperature for over 20 days, then it is a good sign, and you might just be pregnant.
Other Symptoms After IUI (Intrauterine Insemination)
Although an IUI is an almost non-invasive procedure, you may want to look out for any symptoms that may indicate that something is wrong. Although complications due to IUI are uncommon, it may help you to know about the signs of the same.
- Bright red period-like bleeding from the vagina
- Severe cramping in the abdomen or pain in the neck and the legs
- Dizziness or fainting
These may be an indication of a tubal pregnancy or infections. In such cases, it is advisable to consult your doctor immediately and seek the right relief measures. Also, in case you’re on fertility medications, you will need to be aware of a condition called Ovarian Hyperstimulation Syndrome (OHSS). This causes more than one ovarian follicle to develop at the same time. It can cause nausea, abdominal pain or even lead to breathing difficulties in some cases. If you notice any of these signs, it is advisable to contact your doctor.
When Should You Take a Pregnancy Test?
Even though the IUI procedure leads to the insertion of the sperm directly into the uterus, after the fertilisation of the egg, it will take about four to six days for the zygote to reach the uterus. Implantation can take another five days or more. The hCG levels, which provide the confirmation of pregnancy on a pregnancy test, will take another few days to rise. Hence, it is best to take a pregnancy test at least two weeks or 14 days after the procedure.
Waiting for confirmation about your pregnancy after the IUI procedure may be both stressful and emotional. However, it is important for you to keep calm and avoid stressing over it. Confide in your partner and support each other during this crucial phase and try putting off taking a home pregnancy test for at least two weeks. And when the time is right, the best way to determine whether you are pregnant is to get a blood test done, as it ensures an accurate result.
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Side-effects and Risks of IUI Treatment
IUI Success Tips to Increase Chances of Pregnancy
Progesterone after IUI