List of Vaccines for 16 to 18 Months Old Baby

List of Vaccines for 16 to 18 Months Old Baby

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Having a child comes with the principal responsibility of taking care of your child’s health. An immunisation schedule that is followed by dedicatedly could be a step in the right direction. Here we discuss some of the essential vaccinations found on the immunisation schedule of a 16 to 18 months old baby.





Important Vaccinations Required for 16 to 18-Month-Old Baby

Here are the important 16 to 18- month baby vaccinations:

1. Diphtheria, Pertussis, and Tetanus (DTwP B1/DTaP B1)

This is a vaccination that combines diphtheria toxoids with tetanus and pertussis vaccine, also called the DTP vaccine. DTwP is whole cell(wP) vaccination while DTap means acellular(aP) vaccination.




Protects Your Child From

The DTP vaccine protects your baby from three fatal bacterial illnesses– Tetanus, Diphtheria and Pertussis (a Whooping cough).





Diphtheria and Pertussis are contagious and are airborne. Tetanus is a non-communicable illness.

Dosage




The first booster should be given at 16-24 months of age.

Previous





The primary dosage should be administered to children in 3 doses beginning at six weeks of age, to be administered in 4-week breaks.

Next




The second dosage of DTP is required at 4-7 years of age.

Precautions to Take





Some precautions to note for DTP vaccines are:

  • Any child with neurological disorders or who have encountered severe allergies in 7 days of a previous vaccine must avoid another dose.
  • Avoid Pertussis vaccines if the baby displayed seizures, fever over 105˚F, or cried uncontrollably for more than 3 hours on a previous occasion.

Are There any Side Effects?




Fever and pain at the site of injection are common. Redness, pain, mild fever, swelling, and minor restlessness are common with whole cell (wP) vaccines. Acellular (aP)) vaccines can be considered in case of allergies.

Cost of The Vaccination





The price of a single dose DTwP B1/DTaP B1 in India is ₹ 225/-.

What if You Miss the Vaccination?




It is not an issue if a dosage has been missed, it can be administered at the next earliest date.

How to Take Care After The Vaccination?


Tips to take care of your baby after vaccination:

  • Use a cold compress to reduce swelling.
  • Give the baby paracetamol to help alleviate pain.
  • Give them a favourite toy to distract them from the pain.
  • Feed your baby after a vaccination. Breastfeeding calms them down.
  • Hold your baby near you for warmth and find a calm, quiet place.

DTP Vaccines for 16 to 18 Months Old Baby

2. Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV B1)

Inactivated Polio Vaccine is a vaccination that is made from the deactivated virus.

Protects Your Child From

IPV is given for prevention of the infectious viral disease, Polio. It attacks the nervous system and can cause paralysis.


Dosage

A dosage is recommended between 6 and 18 months of age.

Previous

Two previous doses are recommended at two months of age and then at four months of age.


Next

The last dose of IPV is recommended between 4-6 years of age.

Precautions to Take

Some precautions to note for polio vaccines are:


  • Do not administer the vaccine if a previous dose has caused severe allergy
  • Do not administer the vaccine if the antibiotics neomycin, polymyxin B, or streptomycin have cause allergic reactions.
  • Make a full recovery from any serious illness before the vaccination.

Are There any Side Effects?

The vaccine is safe and mild soreness, or redness has been indicated in some people. Allergic reactions are a potential side effect in all vaccines.

Cost of The Vaccination

A single dose of IPV for 15-18- month -old babies would cost ₹ 225/-.

What if You Miss the Vaccination?

You do not have to start over from the beginning if a dose is missed. Give the missed dose immediately when you remember.

How to Take Care After The Vaccination?

After an IPV vaccine, you could follow these tips to reduce stress for your baby:

  • Give the baby a measure of ibuprofen or acetaminophen after consulting the doctor.
  • Use a cold compress at the site of the injection to reduce swelling.
  • Breastfeeding calms them down after a vaccination.

IPV Vaccines for 16 to 18 Months Old Baby

3. Haemophilus influenza type B (Hib B1)

The Hib vaccine is given to prevent a bacterial infection from Haemophilus influenzae bacteria.

Protects Your Child From

The Haemophilus influenza bacteria causes meningitis of the brain and spinal cord. It can also cause deafness, pneumonia and heart damage.

Dosage

Your child between 16-18 months of age should receive a booster dose of Hib vaccine.

Previous

Three doses are administered at two months, 4months and six months of age, depending upon the brand of vaccine used.

Next

No additional dosage is recommended beyond 18 months of age as older children have antibodies for Hib.

Precautions to Take

A Hib vaccine is necessary for older children under the following conditions:

  • People being treated for leukaemia, HIV, sickle cell disease.
  • Anyone with their spleen removed.
  • Individuals that have a suppressed immune system, due to treatment for cancer.

Are There any Side Effects?

Any form of swelling or redness at the site of injection is relatively common. No other side effects have been noted.

Cost of The Vaccination

The cost for a single dose of Hib B1 is ₹113 – ₹252.5/-.

What if You Miss the Vaccination?

If you have missed a dose, give the baby a catch-up shot at the next visit.

How to Take Care After the Vaccination?

Follow these tips after a Hib B1 vaccine:

  • Breastfeeding calms them down after a vaccination.
  • Give the baby ibuprofen or acetaminophen after consulting the doctor.
  • Use a cold compress at the site of the injection to reduce swelling.

Hib B1 Vaccines for 16 to 18 Months Old Baby

Adhere to your child’s vaccine schedule and consult the paediatrician if you miss a shot. Reschedule for a later time but be judicious about your child’s healthcare.

Also Read: Child Immunization & Vaccination Schedule