- Why is a Birth Certificate Important?
- Documents Required for a Birth Certificate
- Who Can Register a Child’s Birth
- What is the Fee for Birth Certificate Registration?
- Who Will Issue a Birth Certificate for Your Child and Where?
- When Will You Get Free Birth Proof?
- How to Apply for a Birth Certificate in India
- How Long Does it Take to Get the Birth Certification Once You Register?
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If you are an Indian and are expecting a child soon, it is always important to know the procedure for getting a birth certificate for your baby. An official birth certificate will establish your baby’s date of birth and is usually needed for things like admission into schools, applying for a passport, and so on. Those children without a birth certificate run the risk of being denied the right to a name, official identity, and a nationality. Applying for a birth certificate right after your child is born is relatively simple, but may get complicated if you delay it. Let’s discuss some details that can help you easily register for a birth certificate for your little one.
Why is a Birth Certificate Important?
The birth certificate is very important for a child’s admission to schools or colleges, hospital benefits and in establishing inheritance and property claims. It is the first right of a child and establishes his or her identity. It becomes important for the following processes:
- Establishing the age for insurance reasons
- Proving parentage
- Age proof for employment
- Age proof for marriage
- Admission to schools/colleges
- Establishing age for enrolling in Electoral Rolls
- Registering in NPR (National Population Register)
- Application for a passport
- Immigration requirements (like getting a green card)
Documents Required for a Birth Certificate
There are several must-have documents needed for you to apply for a birth certificate for your child. They include:
- You and your husband’s (the parents’) birth certificates
- Proof of birth letter issued by the hospital where the birth took place
- Identity proof of both parents (for verification purposes)
- Marriage certificate of the parents
Who Can Register a Child’s Birth
There are many rules as to who can register the birth of a child, which include –
- When the birth has happened in a house – The oldest person in the family, head of the house or closest relative to the baby.
- When the birth has happened in a moving vehicle – The person in charge of the said vehicle
- When the birth has happened in a boarding house or Dharamshala – The person in charge of the boarding house
- If the baby is found abandoned in a public place – The local police in-charge or the village headman.
- When the birth has happened in jail – The person in charge of the jail.
- When the birth has happened in a nursing or maternity home – The medical officer in charge of the home
- When the birth has happened at a Medical College Hospital/Sub-Division Hospital/Referral Hospital – The deputy superintendent who is in charge of the hospital or the officer in charge of the referral hospital.
What is the Fee for Birth Certificate Registration?
The registration fee for a birth certificate is 20 INR with a late fee added if you are applying after 21 days of the child’s birth.
Who Will Issue a Birth Certificate for Your Child and Where?
In India, under the rule of Section 7 of the RBD Act, there is a Registrar deployed by the Government in each local Municipal Corporation called the Nagar Nigam. If it is a smaller region or district, usually a local authority or the Panchayat would be given this responsibility. The rule of Section 7 (5) of the Act directs to appoint a Sub-registrar as well, who would enjoy the same rights and power as the Registrar. This is who mainly can issue your child’s birth certificate.
1. For Rural Regions
- The Panchayat secretaries can issue the birth certificate. This is done in 3 Union Territories (Daman and Diu, Goa and Puducherry) and 15 States (Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, Maharashtra, Tripura, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand.
- Para-Medical Staff Officer or Medical In-charge or equivalent can issue a birth certificate in Haryana, Assam, Meghalaya, Orissa, Manipur, Sikkim, Punjab, Andaman and the Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, and Delhi.
- Village Level Workers or Circle Officers in Arunachal Pradesh and school teachers in Nagaland and Mizoram have the authority the issue a birth certificate.
- Police officers in Jammu and Kashmir and Chandigarh also have the authority.
- Village accountants or administrative officers in Tamil Nadu and Karnataka can do the same.
2. For Urban Regions
In urban cities, the Registrar or Sub-registrar of the Municipal Corporation or the appointed Health Officer or the Para-Medical Staff In-Charge has the power to issue a birth certificate.
When Will You Get Free Birth Proof?
If you apply for a birth certificate within 21 days of your child being born, you can get any one of the authorities mentioned above to sign your birth certificate application. If you are past the deadline of 21 days, you will have to pay a certain late fee, which varies according to place and time.
How to Apply for a Birth Certificate in India
As the Indian Government has now majorly made a foray into the digital space, obtaining a birth certificate using the old way might be very slow. Now, a few urban cities have a handy online registration tool to apply for a birth certificate. You can go online and check whether your city or town falls into that category.
1. Online Registration Process
Below is the birth certificate process in India through an online website:
- Visit the website crsorgi.gov.in
- Look on the left where you will find a Sign-Up button
- To register, click on the sign up for ‘General Public.’
- The Signup box will appear as a pop-up. Fill all your valid details in this box, like username, user ID, district or town/village, your mobile number, place of birth and so on.
- If the field of the Registration Unit shows the username and is active, it means that your area is valid for online registration.
- Enter the verification code and click on the Register tab.
- After registration, a Thank You message will pop up along with a prompt to check your email ID to confirm the registration.
- Check your email inbox. It will tell you to set up a new password to login.
- Set it, and sign in once again.
- A form will pop up to fill in the name of your child, his or her parents, and the location of the birth.
- Fill it and submit within 24 hours.
- Take a print out and download a soft copy on your computer
- Visit the office of the Registrar of your region
- Get the form attested either by him or the Sub-Registrar
2. Offline Registration Process
To register a birth certificate in India through an offline process, below are the steps on how to issue a birth certificate from municipal authorities:
- Get a birth certificate registration form by visiting your municipal corporation office.
- Submit the letter that was given by the hospital at the time of your baby’s birth by the medical in-charge.
- Now you will have to fill the form within 21 days of your baby’s birth
- Post that, the office will verify details such as place and time of birth, parents name, gender, address, nursing home/hospital etc.
- If the verification is all in place, you will get the birth certificate sent to your address after 7-15 days.
- Just to be sure, follow up with the office after 7 days.
- If there is any urgency, you can, in some cases, get the birth certificate sent to you within a week by providing a self-addressed envelope.
- In case your baby’s birth is not registered within 21 days, police verification will take place in order to issue it, directed by the revenue authorities. This usually tends to take a longer time, and, hence, you should register for your baby’s birth certificate as soon as your little one is born.
How Long Does it Take to Get the Birth Certification Once You Register?
It will usually take between 7 days to 3 weeks to get the birth certificate after it is duly processed. If you opt to do it offline, it may be a long process. However, Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) usually prefer this way, as the passport office accepts the proof given by the Municipal Corporation.
An important question is what will happen if someone does not have a birth certificate. The answer is that he or she will not be recognised as an Indian citizen and hence will not be able to avail the rights and benefits. They will not be able to get a passport or admission into schools. A birth certificate is a stamp of your existence on this earth and hence is extremely essential to every human being. So parents, always get your child’s birth certificate done as soon as possible – within 21 days of the birth to avoid complications, late fees or tedious processes.
Also Read: How to Adopt a Child in India