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Vaccinations play a pivotal role in the growth and development of a newborn. It acts as a shield against multiple diseases.
The first shot of vaccination is given to the baby shortly after birth.
- Oral polio drops
- Bacille Calmette Guerin (BCG), a vaccine for tuberculosis
- Hepatitis B
Since the first shot is given at the hospital, it is carefully done under the monitoring of the hospital staff while the mother is suggested to rest.
The second dose of vaccination of a newborn happens after six weeks. All the vaccines mentioned below are given in a series of three shots.
- HEP B (Hepatitis B) – It is given to prevent severe liver disease that can develop both in newborns and adults.
- IPV (Polio vaccination)
- DTP (Diptheria) – It is given to prevent the child from developing a thick coating at the back of the throat which can cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
- HIB (Haemophilus Influenza Type B) – It is given to prevent swelling of the lining of brain or the spinal cord.
- PCV ( Pneumococcal Vaccine ) – It is given to prevent pneumonia or ear infections amongst newborns.
- ROTA (Rotavirus) – It is given to prevent fear, abdominal pain vomiting and fever.
The vaccine shots are usually given on the left and the right leg of the newborn child.
Side Effects of the Vaccination
- Vomiting (sometimes)
As it’s a 6-in-1 vaccine shot, the baby might feel a little low and can also be cranky all day. The baby has the maximum risk of getting fever for that most of the doctors suggest Calpol drops. Hence, it’s important to keep checking the little one’s temperature every three hours.
In order to make the process a little easier for the baby, these are a few points to remember.
- The baby should be wearing light and comfortable clothes as it’s time to check its weight, height and head measurements.
- Make sure the baby has taken its feed as after the vaccination the baby is not allowed to have milk for approximately an hour.
- Take an appointment at an hour when the baby is in deep sleep if the baby is awake it can be shaky for its first prick.
- Carry an ice pack as applying it right after the prick minimises the chances of swelling.
- It is always suggested to carry an extra diaper or nappy every time you step out of the house with a newborn.
- A small rattle serves the purpose of calming down the baby if it’s crying a lot.
Preventive Measure During the Pandemic
- Swaddle the baby and cover its head with a cap. It will protect the baby from germs and fluctuation of temperature.
- If possible put the baby in a carry nest. It provides complete coverage to the baby. Also, after the vaccination put the ice pack inside the carry nest.
- Carry a dry fIt sheet so that it can be spread on the table where the doctor will check the baby. It will protect the baby against germs.
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