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Pregnancy can be a tumultuous time – all the hormones raging and the changes taking place, it is enough to make even the strongest woman feel weak and defeated. But you will still find yourself craving for physical pleasure once in a while.
There is nothing more horrifying than finding out that you are bleeding when lying in bed after a passionate romp with your partner. Bleeding can be indicative of some bigger problem, but it might not be a problem, too. Let’s take a look at what bleeding after sex in early pregnancy and in the later stages mean.
Is Bleeding After Sex in Pregnancy Normal
If you have the green light from your doctor, there is no problem with having sex when you are pregnant. Sex is good for the mother, as it gives her a chance to let off some steam and de-stress after some stressful times.
Seeing blood after sex can be a little harrowing, but there is no need to worry. Bleeding after sex is actually normal in pregnancy and does not mean in any way that the baby is in danger. During pregnancy, the baby is sealed safe in the amniotic sac in the uterus and mucus plugs the cervix close. Therefore, no harm comes to the baby by sex.
However, it is important to know why the bleeding occurred; it is usually because of the increased blood supply to the vagina during pregnancy. This combined with the softening of the tissue in the cervix results in occasional blood flow. But there is no harm caused to the baby.
What Causes Bleeding Post Sex When Pregnant
There are a few reasons as to why bleeding may occur after sex when you are pregnant. They are:
1. Blood Supply
When the woman gets pregnant, there is an increased amount of blood supply to her vagina and cervix. This includes both the rate and the volume of the blood reaching the area. This means that the increase in pressure in those areas during sex could result in minor bleeding.
When the woman becomes pregnant, there is a sudden increase in the amount of oxygen and blood required in the uterus and cervix. This results in the formation of a lot of capillaries in the area, which may break during sex and result in spotting or light bleeding.
The cervical area of the woman becomes tender and soft and may break easily after vigorous sex. This also results in bleeding, at times.
Polyps could form at the cervix during pregnancy, because of the increased amount of estrogen in the body. These could also cause spotting after intercourse.
Does Post Sex Bleeding Mean Miscarriage?
The chances of the pregnancy terminating and resulting in a miscarriage after and because of sex are very rare. The baby is completely safe during this time since it is inside the amniotic sac in the uterus. The sac provides nourishment to the baby, and also acts as a cushion and shock absorber. Also, the baby is quite far from the incoming part of the vagina- there is no way that the sex can affect the baby in any manner. Even though, you could refrain from sex at least in the first trimester if you already have a history of miscarriage.
How to Deal With Bleeding After Sex while Pregnant
In the first trimester, it is common for mothers to feel cramps after sex or an orgasm for a long amount of time. However, you should definitely go to the doctor if you feel that the pain has been present for too long. Again, refrain from sex in the first trimester if you have had miscarriages before. The doctor may prescribe an ultrasound scan to check on the baby – the cause may be a low lying placenta, or simply because of the increased blood supply. Either way, you should visit the doctor if the pain persists.
How to Avoid or Minimize the Risk of Bleeding
There are a few ways to reduce the risk of bleeding during sex when you are pregnant.
1. Safe Sex Positions
When you are having sex, ensure that you are comfortable with the position and the pace. Avoid rough sex, when you are pregnant – this could increase the risk of bleeding.
2. Oral Sex
Oral sex is a great alternative, as it is one of the most satisfying ways to get sexually content without intercourse. However, do not blow air into the vagina, as it may cause air embolism – formation of air bubbles in the blood vessels.
3. Cosy Sex
Be as gentle as possible, during sex – rough sex may be fun, but it increases the risk of bleeding. Discuss with your partner about your problems and needs, so that both of you are on the same page.
The vagina is overtly soft and sensitive during pregnancy, so friction may be enough to cause bleeding of varying degrees. Therefore, using lubrication will help you reduce the chances of irritation within the vagina.
Condoms will prevent you and the baby from any Sexually Transmitted Infections – always use them during pregnancy.
When to Avoid Intercourse During Pregnancy
Sometimes, you would be better off refraining from sex- some situations are:
1. Placenta Previa
The placenta sometimes lies low in the uterus and covers the cervix completely or partially, resulting in a higher chance of miscarriage, after sex.
2. Cervical Incompetence
The cervix may start to open prematurely in the woman, so the chances of miscarriage also increase. In such cases, avoiding sex would be the better option, for the health of the baby.
3. Multiple Pregnancies
When you are pregnant with more than one baby, sex may involve higher chances of risks for the foetuses.
When to Call a Doctor
Sometimes, you may feel that something is wrong- then calling the doctor as soon as possible would be the best thing to do. Some situations are:
- If the bleeding is heavy and consistent, after sex.
- If you experience consistent cramps and intense pain in the lower abdominal, pelvic area.
- If you observe vaginal discharge which contains tissues or clots.
- If you undergo or feel dizzy, or faint.
- If you get a high fever with or without chills.
- If your uterine contractions continue even after sex is over.
1. Is it normal to bleed after sex without pain during pregnancy?
Bleeding after sex with no pain when pregnant is normal and does not indicate any problem. If the bleeding is mild, you might not feel any pain – blood clots usually cause pain for the woman.
2. Can I bleed after sex during the first trimester?
Orgasms early in the pregnancy an cause uterine contractions in the mother, and this can rupture the tiny blood vessels present in the uterus and the cervix. Light bleeding after sex is common, and it will reduce as you pass into the second and third trimesters- this is because of the increased hormonal activity.
3. What does light spotting after sex mean?
Sometimes, you might observe light pink spotting after you have had sex. This is blood mixed with vaginal fluid or could be due to anaemia in the mother. So, consulting the doctor would be the best course of action.
4. Is heavy bleeding after intercourse during pregnancy normal?
Heavy bleeding is not normal- if you end up soaking more than one pad within the hour, you may have a haemorrhage. So, consult a doctor as soon as possible.
5. How long does prenatal bleeding after sex last?
Mild bleeding may last for a few hours, but you should see to the doctor if it lasts for more than a day.
Bleeding during pregnancy is common, especially in the early stages of pregnancy. However, it will probably be light and will last for a few hours- if it is heavy or does not seem to stop, you should consult the doctor as soon as possible.
Also Read: Safe Sex Positions during Pregnancy