As per the tradition, Chinese family names precede a person’s given name. Chinese last names are usually passed on from father to child, but it is also possible that they have not originated the same way. In certain cases, last names include women’s names or character of a woman. Thus, it is also believed that earlier, the mothers’ names were passed down. The names mentioned below are some of the popular Chinese last names, which they are indeed among the most beautiful.
100 Chinese Surnames or Family Names
Find out a long list of unusual and famous Chinese last names along with the following meanings:
Au is a shortest topographic surname, which means ‘water meadow’ or ‘Stream’.
Bai is a common Mongolian surname which means ‘White’.
Cai is one of the common Chinese last names termed as ‘firewood’. During ancient times, there was a Chinese state named Cai.
Cao is an ancient last name which means ‘to grasp something’.
Cui is a popular surname in China, and it means ‘towering’.
Cheng means ‘law’. Some of Cheng’s other meanings include ‘journey’, ‘honesty’, and ‘procedure’.
Chen means ‘to exhibit’, ‘ancient’ or ‘old’. This is a widely used surname in Xiamen city, which is situated in the South-eastern coast of China.
This last name is generally used in the Shanxi Province. It is also a surname from Chia. The name denotes a kind of cape.
Dong is a unique surname, which means ‘Supervisor’ or ‘Mentor’.
Ding means ‘a powerful and strong man’. This a popular surname used by the Chinese people across the globe.
This surname is derived from a word that means ‘to avoid’ or ‘prevent’.
Dai is a toponymic word, which means ‘to support’.
Deng is an East Asian surname of toponymic origin. It is derived from the Deng Kingdom.
Eng name is derived from the history of the ancient state of Wu, which is now the province of Jiangsu. It refers to someone who dwells near a meadow.
Fang is a famous surname which means ‘something that is square or four-sided’.
Feng is a commonly used Chinese surname that originated from a town called Feng, which, during the Zhou Dynasty (around 10th century BC), was located in the state of Wei.
A simple surname originated from the word ‘fairy’.
It is an ancient Chinese surname deprived of imperial origin. It means ‘a guide or teacher’.
Fan is a short and simple surname that means ‘a bee’ or ‘an example’.
Gao is an East-Asian Chinese surname which means ‘someone or something tall and high’.
Gu is derived from a Chinese word which means ‘to care for’.
A surname which means ‘wall surrounding the city’. The name has a toponymic origin, and it came from a kingdom that existed during the ancient Xia dynasty.
Guan is a popular Chinese surname derived from a state that existed during Zhou dynasty (1122 BC). It means ‘mountain pass or guarded path’.
The meaning of Gong is ‘to give’. It is derived from an East-Asian Chinese word.
The surname has a toponymic origin, and it refers to the ancient Kingdom of Han, which is located in the Henan and Shanxi provinces in China.
He is a word that originated from the Jiang clan of Yandi and the Ji clan of the Zhou Dynasty. This surname means ‘an astrologer’.
Hong is a modern surname, which means ‘rainbow’.
Hou is a special word derived from the word ‘marquis’.
The surname Hu means ‘whiskers’ or ‘wild’, and was adopted during the Xia dynasty.
Huang is a rare surname used by the Chinese people; it means ‘Yellow’.
Ing is a famous surname derived from the Wu dynasty.
Ip is one of the unique surnames which is derived from the word that means ‘leaf’.
Jen is a distinctive surname derived from Huang Dynasty, and it refers to ‘water lily’.
Jiang surname is derived from the word that means ‘wild rice’.
Jia, a surname of toponymic origin, is derived from Jia, an ancient Chinese kingdom that is actually situated in the Shanxi province of China.
Jin is a precious surname which means ‘Gold’.
Jew is an ethnic surname derived from the Chou dynasty.
A modern surname which means ‘well-being’ or ‘a healthy person’.
Ke means ‘an Axe handle’.
King is a surname derived from Romanian origin, and the word means ‘the ruler’.
The Kong word is originated from the famous Chinese politician and Philosopher family name of ‘Confucius’.
The surname Lee is the most prominent names in China. It means ‘a cause or a logic’. The surname even refers to “a plum tree.”
Li is a variant of Lee. Apart from the meanings that apply to Lee, this name also refers to ‘multitude’.
Lai is a famous surname which means ‘trusting someone or relying on something’.
The meaning of the word Lei is ‘thunder’.
Liang is an East Asian surname originated from a toponymic origin. The surname Liang means ‘bridge or pillar’.
This name was taken from Han Dynasty rulers; it means ‘to kill’ or ‘to destroy’.
Lin word was originated from the late Shang dynasty. It has been a common surname which means ‘tall trees or a forest’.
Long was the name of a treasurer who lived in King Shun’s reign. The surname Long refers to ‘a dragon’.
Luo is a surname which is derived from a word that means ‘bird-trapping net’.
Lu is one of the basic surnames among the Chinese population; it means ‘a hut’ or ‘a cottage’.
The other Chinese word for ‘a horse’ is Ma.
This name has a toponymic origin; it is derived from an ancient Chinese region that developed under the Zhou Dynasty, and is currently located in the province of Henan. Mao refers to ‘feathers’ or ‘fur’.
Meng represents the position of a senior member in a family. It means ‘someone who is eminent’ or ‘the first’.
Mo surname is derived from a word meaning ‘do not’.
The Ngo surname refers to a word which means ‘unexplained’.
57. Ou Yang
Ou-Yang is a remarkable example of a two-character Chinese surname, a word meaning ‘the bright (south) side of the Ou Mountains’.
Pan surname is derived from a river that flows into the River Han.
Peng surnames refer to persons who were the descendants of Peng Zu during the Shang dynasty.
This family name was derived from the first dynasty of imperial China ‘Qin’.
Qiu surnames refer to the word which means ‘hills’.
The last name originated in the area near present-day Linfen county in the Shanxi provinces.
Ruan originated from a traditional Chinese musical instrument.
A famous Chinese surname which means ‘to sink’.
Shao surname is originated from the Zhou dynasty which means ‘Pottery’.
The family name Shi comes from a word that means ‘to establish’ or ‘to reproduce’.
Shing is a modern Chinese surname which means ‘prosperous’.
Song was the dynasty that ruled in China in ancient times. From then on, the surname has become a popular family name.
Su is an ancient surname that originated during the King Fu Xi’s dynasty.
Sun is a famous family name which refers to ‘a grandchild’ or ‘a descendant’.
Tan means ‘to talk’, and this family name originated from a traditional Chinese state named Tan.
Tang surname was derived from Tang dynasty, and has a toponymic origin.
This is a respected surname that refers to a word which means ‘to be pleased’.
Tian means ‘talking’, and it is derived from Tan, an ancient town located in the Shandong province of China.
Wan is an interesting surname which means ‘ten thousand’.
Wang means ‘a King’ or ‘a Prince’; it has become the most popular last name for Chinese.
Wei means ‘soft leather’.
Wen is a family name which refers to ‘words’ or ‘scripts’.
Wu is a toponymic originated word derived during the Western Zhou dynasty.
Xia surname is derived from Xia dynasty, and it refers to ‘summer’.
Xiao is derived from the Xiao Kingdom, and it means ‘quiet’.
Xie means ‘to apologise or thank someone’.
Xin originates from the Xiang dynasty.
Xiong means ‘Bear’. It is a common surname in China.
Xu means ‘slow’ or ‘calm’, and it originated during the Qing dynasty.
Xue is a well-known surname; it means “Wormwood,” which is a therapeutic herb used to alleviate digestion problems.
Yan surname means ‘strict’ or ‘tight’.
Yang is a popular surname in Mainland China, and it means ‘Willow’ or ‘Aspen’.
Yao surname means that ‘the person is elegant’.
A Chinese surname which refers to ‘rainfall’.
Yuan surname originated from a family in Chen, and it means ‘a long dress or a robe’.
Zeng surname was originated from Zeng, a state in China. It refers to ‘the relation between a great grandfather and his great grandson’.
Zhang surname refers to the ‘stretching of the bowstring’.
Zhao means ‘an ancient city’ and Zhao surnames are quite popular in the Mandarin-speaking regions of China.
This surname has a toponymic origin, and refers to the Zheng state, which is presently known as Henan Province.
Zhong comes from Zhongli state situated in the river Huai, and the word refers to ‘bell’.
This last name has a toponymic origin, and it means ‘a week’ or ‘circumference’.
The name comes from the Zhou dynasty. It also refers to ‘crimson’.
Zhuang is an occupational surname which refers as a ‘place of business’, ‘a banker’ or ‘a farmstead’.
A popular surname derived from the Zhou dynasty.
Last names are used in general to recognise family members distinctly from the given name of each member. Many Chinese surnames are common and famous Chinese surnames that have a toponymic origin, while others may derive from house names, family names, or even professions.