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Research has shown that a newborn baby starts to mimic his mother. This becomes more evident when the child mimics someone older who’s smiling or protruding his tongue at him. Imitation opens up a whole new area of development and interaction.Fine motor skills can be learned by way of imitation like stacking blocks and using a crayon. Pretend play, meanwhile, remains one of the best and most preferred forms of play for toddlers and children to learn new skills.
Understanding Peer Imitation in Toddlers
1. Role of Imitation
Being imitated and imitating others have a clear influence on infants’ prosocial behaviour and young children’s trust in others. Social experiments conducted by researchers have also shown that imitation in children is a powerful means of social influence in development.
2. Process of Imitation
Imitation behavior in toddlers consists of both cognitive and social components. It’s a complex process in which the child needs to see the adult act, absorb it, translate it into an action, and then execute it through his motor skills. Adult or peer imitation provides a firm foundation for advanced forms of interpersonal relationships and social cognition.
3. Impact of Imitation
Right from infancy, mimicry is seen to have positive social consequences. It can enhance and promote a general prosocial orientation towards others. Just like adults, toddlers too tend to follow and trust those who mimic them and are influenced by the preferences and opinions of those set of people.
A child imitating older kids and adults is also learning new skills from them. Pretend play again plays an important role where the child can learn a lot of skills and activities by copying his peers and adults. But, the flip side is that he may also catch unsavoury actions shown on television and mimic the same. You can guard against this by keeping a strict watch on what your toddler is allowed to see on TV.
4. Stages of Imitation
For toddlers copying peers, there’s a definitive and progressive path according to their age:
- Imitating facial gestures amongst newborns like smiling, pouting, opening the mouth and showing the tongue.
- Imitating actions on objects amongst infants till the age of 9-12 months like holding something and touching the nose.
- Imitation of other people’s intentions for toddlers in the age group of 15-18 months.
- Imitative role play and empathetic behaviour in toddlers above 2 years of age.
- Humans have the privilege of not only learning new motor skills but also learning about other people through imitation. A feeling of fundamental connectedness between the self and others is one reason toddlers imitate others. Similar actions and behaviour may make them feel that others feel the same way as they do and they may use their own case as a framework for understanding others. The attention they receive when imitating is another reason toddlers mimic peers and older kids.