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The growing years of a child are extremely important. A child transcends from one developmental milestone to another, and it is a very predictable and natural sequence. However, every child may reach various milestones at his own pace. This article covers the various developmental milestones that a 5-year-old child may achieve. If you’ve a five-year-old child and want to learn about the various developmental changes he might go through, read this article.
Physical or Motor Development
The first few years of a child’s life are crucial for his physical development. It is the time when his gross motor skills develop the most. Look out for these milestones in terms of the physical development in your 5-year-old kid:
- Your child’s ability to run, hop, or skip becomes better because by this age he will have better coordination and balance.
- Your child’s small muscles work better, and thus he may be able to unbutton his shirt and even tie-up his shoelaces.
- Your child may require less assistance for feeding and may even eat his own meals.
- Your child may have gained approximately 5 centimetres height and 2 kilograms of weight since his last birthday.
You need to keep a check on the behaviour of your child, as he is in his growing years. How your child behaves in school, home, or around people matters a lot. Here are some behavioural development milestones that you can look for in your kid:
- Your child may become more independent by this age, and he may enjoy start enjoying the company of family members and friends.
- He may want to do things on his own, like eating his own meal or dressing on his own, etc.
- Your child may become more social as he starts going to school and meet more kids.
Cognitive development means the development of thinking, reasoning, and problem-solving skills. Cognitive development makes sure that a child grows both mentally and emotionally. If you are wondering how your 5-year-old kid’s brain development may be taking place, well, here’s what may be happening:
- Your child may engage in imaginative play. For example, planning a trip to the moon.
- He may understand the concept of rules and may even follow them.
- He might understand the concept of ‘right’ and ‘wrong’.
- He will recognize most of the alphabets.
- He may remember your phone number and even address.
Language and Communication Development
As your child turns 5 years old, he should get better at communicating with people. Good communication skills always help in the long run and so it is important to ensure that your child’s language development takes place in the right manner. Look for the following language development milestones in your 5-year-old child:
- He should be able to speak complete sentences, using verbs, for example, I will go to the park tomorrow.
- Your child should be able to talk about his day at school.
- Your child should have meaningful conversations with you and other members of the family.
Social and Emotional Development
Social and emotional development can help a child form new friends. It also helps him to understand his feelings as well as the feelings of others. He will be able to empathise and share his problems as well. Hence, social and emotional development in a child completes his personality. Find out if your kid’s emotional development and social development by 5 years of age is happening accordingly or not:
- Your child will want to be liked by people, but sometimes he may act nasty.
- He may be able to distinguish between reality and fantasy.
- He may exhibit a more independent nature.
- He may understand the concept of following the rules.
Learning and Educational Development
By the age of 5, your child’s learning skills should develop. To know if your child’s learning and educational milestones are being met, check the points below:
- Your child should be able to write the lower case and upper case letters.
- Your child should have mastered the basic concepts of alphabets, numbers and colours etc.
- Your child should be learning new words and memorizing them too.
Tips for Parents to Help Development in a 5-Year-Old Child
Your child learns from experiences, and by exploring new things, therefore, it is important to expose your child to new sports, crafts, and social situations. As parents, you can help your child learn new things and achieve various developmental milestones. Here are some tips that may assist the parents in achieving various developmental milestones:
- Make your child play games that may help him develop various social skills like caring, sharing etc.
- Engage your child in activities like singing, storytelling, and reciting poems, as these activities would help your child develop his language skills.
- You may involve your child in various household chores with you like cooking, cleaning, washing etc. These daily chores would help him develop his motor skills.
- Engage your child in activities that involve drawing, painting, colouring etc.
- Involve your child in some outdoor activities like cycling, swimming, ball games etc.
When to Worry
Each child is different and unique in his own ways and thus may reach various developmental milestones at his own pace and speed. You should not compare your child with other kids because sooner or later he may achieve all those developmental milestones. However, there may be situations that may not be normal, and for that, you may have to get in touch with your doctor. Following are some of the situations where you should act immediately and seek your doctor’s advice at earliest:
- If you notice that your child seems withdrawn and isolated.
- If your child exhibits extreme emotions or behaviour such as sadness, anxiety, fear etc.
- If you think that your child is not responding to others or if he is acting superficially in front of other people.
- If you notice that your child gets easily distracted and faces difficulty in focusing on any activity for more than five minutes.
- If your child seems to forget or loses the skill that he once had.
- If your child is facing difficulty in doing day to day chores like undressing himself, drying his hands after washing, or brushing his teeth.
- If your child is not able to draw basic pictures.
- If your child does not use tenses and plurals properly in his sentences.
- If your child is unable to remember his first name.
- If your child is not interested in doing a variety of activities or games.
- If your child is not able to differentiate between real and unreal situations.
- If your child is not expressing varied emotions.
Each child reaches developmental milestones at various intervals. However, if you notice any of the above mentioned developmental delays, you should get in touch with your doctor.