Children inherit their fathers’ names in many cultures. While the sons retain their fathers’ names, the daughters, upon marrying, take on their husbands’ names. In the Czech culture, however, women change the spelling of the surname to give it a feminine touch. That’s why most surnames belonging to women in the Czech Republic have the suffix ‘ova’ or ‘a’, instead of ‘y’. For example, the surname Novotny becomes Novotna, or Novak becomes Novakova. Isn’t it interesting? Read on for some more interesting Czech family names.
100 Popular Czech Surnames or Family Names With Meanings
The most common Czech last names have Czech, Slovak and German origins. Here’s a list of 100 Czech family names in alphabetical order:
It is derived from the name Adam, which is a Hebrew term for a man.
It comes from the term “Ambrosios” meaning immortal. It has Slovenian and Czech origins.
It is derived from the German “Andreas“, which means courageous.
Apel is derived from the North German and Dutch “Albrecht” meaning noble and famous.
Derived from the diminutive of Bartolomej, its origin is Hungarian, Slovak and Czech. It means “rich in land”.
Derived from Benedikt, meaning “blessed”, this name was made popular by the famous basketball player Ivan Benes.
This surname means “good” and is a short form of the names Blahoslav, Blazej.
It has a Slavic origin, and means “broad bean”.
It has Slovak and Czech origins and means an English songbird “redstart”.
This is a status surname given to the person owning a cottage. The term denotes a free cottage with some land around it.
This last name means inhabitant from Cyprus and is taken from “Cipriano”.
This surname is given to people owning a quarter of land.
It comes from the personal name “Daniel”, meaning God is the judge. Its origin is unknown, but it is considered to be a Huguenot name.
This surname is an ethnic name for German “Deutsch”.
It has a Czech/Slovak origin and means a person of strength from a place named Doubek.
It is one of the most common Czech last names; it means the one who owned a manor.
The surname is derived from the name Jeremias or possibly from German name Emmerich. It means “Exalted of the God”.
The name comes from the name Farnacius. It means “a priest’s house”.
The surname was often given to the person staying where violets grew as the word “fiala” means “violet” in Czech.
The last name is derived from Valentin. It has Czech and polish origins, and it means “generous” or “kind”.
It is a variant of Forst, meaning someone staying near a stronghold.
Comes from a personal name Franc and is given to those coming from Franconia. The word means free or generous.
It has a German origin, and it means “fisher”.
This is a diminutive form of Gabriel, which, in Hebrew, means ‘God of strength’.
The surname has Moravian and Slovak origins. It means a person who has a facial mark.
The word has a Czech origin. It means “chatterbox” or “talkative”.
The word “Hajek” means “thick”. It’s a name for someone who lives by a grove.
The surname is an occupational name for a woodman.
The word means a person from the hills and, is derived from the Czech word “hora” meaning “hills”.
Derived from the Czech word “hlava” meaning “head”, the name means a clever one.
This last name means a person with a sharp tongue.
This surname is used for a farmer or a gardener.
The is an occupational name for a fiddler.
The surname has Czech, Polish and Jewish origins. It is an occupational name for a smelter.
Derived from the personal name Hugh, which was introduced by the Normans to the British, the surname means bright in spirit.
The word has Czech, Ukrainian, Belorussian and Jewish origins. It means “pigeon” or “dove”.
It means miner and is an occupational name.
The name is derived from the word “Hruska pear” and it means “seller of pears”.
The surname has a Czech origin, and it means “count”.
Jach and its variant Jacka are surnames of Polish and Czech origin. It means “son of James”.
Derived from the Hebrew language, Janda means “God is gracious”.
The surname has Czech and Slovenian origins. It means “hedgehog”. The name is used as a nickname for an unapproachable person.
Of Czech origin, this surname is an occupational name for a weaver.
This Czech word means “cereal plant ear”. It is a diminutive of Nicholas.
Comes from the German word “Kliebert”, which is an occupational name for a woodsman.
It is a toponymic name for people living by the hills.
Comes from the Moravian “Lanik”, which means “wealthy farmer”.
The name means “love” in Czech and Slovak.
Derived from the Hebrew language, it means “consecrated to God”.
Of Latin origin, this surname refers to “Light”.
A Slavic surname, which is often used as a nickname, it means “a small man”.
Of Latin origin, this surname means “to be warlike”.
Comes from a pet name Martin, which means “of Mars” or “of Warlike”.
The name means “peace” or “quiet”.
Of Czech origin, the name is a combination of “be”, meaning “not” and “kola” meaning “instability”. The name means “stable”.
The name is a combination os “ne“, meaning “not” and “uzil“, meaning “generous“. It is often used as a nickname for a miser.
The name has Slovak, Czech, Croatian, Serbian and Hungarian origins. It means someone new to the place.
This Czech surname also means “a newcomer”.
This surname is an occupational name for someone in the service of an abbot.
This habitational name refers to someone who lived in a house differentiated with an eagle sign.
This surname is of Czech origin. It may have been derived from Dornák, an equivalent of Dorothy which means “God’s Gift”.
This habitational name is for a person from any four places in Bohemia.
Comes from the first name Peter, which means “stone”.
Of German origin, the surname means “a person coming from Poland” or “a pole”.
It is a surname for someone from Prague.
Of Slovak origin, it is an occupational surname for a rifle maker.
Of Slovak origin, the habitational surname is given to someone from an unknown place named with “repa“, which means “turnip”.
Of Slavic origin, this is an occupational surname for a butcher.
The surname means “brick layer” or “to reproach”.
A name coming from the word “Roman“, it means someone coming from Rome.
Of Czech origin, the surname is a longer form of Rokus, meaning “reed”.
Of Slavic origin, the name is for a person coming from Russia.
Ryba is a name of Eastern European origin and means “fish” or “fisherman” in Polish.
The surname means a beautiful little rose.
The surname is a status name derived from Sedlak, which means “a farmer owning a smaller piece of land”.
This surname is derived from the German word “Schick“, which means “skilful”.
Slavik means “nightingale”, or “a good singer”.
Of Czech origin, the surname means “freedom”.
It is a habitational name for someone coming from Tabor in Bohemia.
Of Slovak origin, it is the occupational name for a carpenter.
Of Slovak origin, the word means “calm or quiet person”.
This surname has a Slovak origin. It means “to run”.
The surname is a nickname for a tenacious man.
The surname is an ethnic name for a Hungarian. It means an individual who has business relations with Hungary.
The surname is a habitational surname from a place called Urbanovice.
Derived from the Urban, the name means ‘from the city’.
Of Czech origin, a name is a derivative form of the name Vecesalav, which means “big glory”.
The surname is of Slovak and Czech origin meaning “cheerful” or “merry”.
Vlk means “little wolf”. It is a diminutive of Vlcek, and also refers to a quick person.
It’s a nickname derived from “vlach“, which means “foreigner”.
The surname is a habitational surname for someone from Volyne.
The surname is an occupational surname for a wool worker.
Of Czech origin, the word is a topographic name for someone who lived near a field yielding two crops in a year.
It is a topographical name for someone living near willow trees.
Of Slavic origin, comes from word “vacek”, which means “greater glory”.
The surname means “student”.
This surname is given to a quick runner.
The surname comes from the word “zeleny” which means “green”.
This surname is commonly used for a yeoman or a farmer.
Of Slavic origin, the surname means “winter”.
Czech surnames, just like English names, are passed down to generations. They have varied origins and were also occupational and toponymic.