In this Article
- What is the Difference Between a Forward-facing and Rear-facing Car Seat?
- Why Choose a Rear-Facing Car Seat for Young Babies?
- When Can Your Child Face Forward in a Car Seat?
- What are the Different Types of Car Seats Available for Young Kids?
- How to Switch Your Child’s Seat Safely from Rear-facing to Forward-facing?
- Car Safety Tips to Protect Your Child
Car safety needs to be considered while travelling in a car if you have an infant. If you are going to be first-time parents, you should do comprehensive research on car seats before buying one for your baby. Babies’ bodies are fragile, and the force of a crash can cause them serious injury. Therefore, a car seat is a must for the safety of your child.
What is the Difference Between a Forward-facing and Rear-facing Car Seat?
Forward-facing car seats face the front of the car and are meant for children older than two. Rear-facing car seats face the back of the car. They are meant for babies younger than two, who weigh less than 13.5 kgs and are less than 3 feet tall. Rear-facing car seats are at an angle of 45 degrees and provide maximum safety to infants and toddlers. The seat attaches to the back seat of the car, with the car’s seat belt and has safety harnesses to keep the baby in place.
Why Choose a Rear-Facing Car Seat for Young Babies?
A rear-facing car seat is imperative for infants and toddlers, according to crash test data by the car manufacturer. This is because infants and toddlers have underdeveloped neck muscles which cannot withstand the force of a crash in case of a collision.
While a forward-facing car seat is designed to restrain the baby and keep her in place, the baby could have a serious head, neck, and spinal cord injuries if she is facing forward during a crash. The rear-facing seat is designed such that it absorbs much of the force of a crash and spreads the remainder over a much larger area of the body, including the entire back, head and neck. This prevents stress on any single part of the body, thus resulting in lesser chances for serious injuries.
When Can Your Child Face Forward in a Car Seat?
If you have been wondering when babies can face forward in a car seat, the answer is when they are two years or older, and once they have outgrown the height and weight limits of a rear-facing car seat. This is typically at the height of 3 feet and weight of 13.5 kgs.
Some babies may cry or get cranky in a rear-facing car seat. However, it is in their best interest to remain in a rear-facing seat as this gives them the best chance of survival in case of a car crash.
What are the Different Types of Car Seats Available for Young Kids?
Some of the various kinds of car seats available for young children are:
1. Rear-facing Infant Car Seat
This is a rear-facing infant car seat that has a weight range between 10-18 kgs. The seat has a base that stays installed in the car and a carrier with straps that clicks into the base. The carrier has a handle that makes it convenient for carrying the baby around.
2. Convertible Infant-Toddler Car Seat
This car seat is suitable for children weighing up to 22 kgs. Use it as a rear-facing seat for slightly older babies who can hold their head up and are able to sit up on their own. When the baby is over 10 kgs, you can flip this car seat and use it as a front-facing one.
3. Three-in-One Convertible Car Seat for Infants, Toddlers and Children
This seat is similar to the previous one and is initially used as a rear-facing seat. When the child turns four and weighs around 18 kgs, you can remove the back of this seat and use the base as a booster seat with the normal car seat belt.
How to Switch Your Child’s Seat Safely from Rear-facing to Forward-facing?
The safest way for a baby to travel by car is in a rear-facing car seat. However, if you are going on a long trip and your baby is over a year old, you could feel tempted to switch the seat to face forward. If you must do so, ensure that the car seat is in the middle of the vehicle’s back seat. This is the safest spot in the car for your baby in the event of a collision.
Car Safety Tips to Protect Your Child
Here are some car safety tips to make sure your child is protected while travelling in a car:
- Ensure that there is no slack between the car seat and the vehicle’s seat belt. It should be completely tight.
- Make sure the baby’s harness straps are pulled tightly. If they are tight enough, you will be able to place just two fingers under the belts.
- Make sure that your baby’s knees do not push up against her chest. It is all right if the baby’s feet touch the back of the car’s rear set.
- If you use a rear-facing carrier seat, make sure that it is completely clicked into place.
- Some infants may get fussy in a rear-facing seat. You can add a mirror in the back window that lets them see you. You can also give the baby some car safety-approved toys to play with.
- Do not let the baby’s head fold forward over her chest. This can cause injuries in case of a crash. Recline the seat far enough so that the head is in a comfortable position.
- Situate the baby’s car seat in the middle of the vehicle’s back seat. This is the safest place as doors can get crushed on impact.
- Check the belt path and instructions correctly while installing the car seat.
- Do not bundle your baby in coats or blankets when you place her in a car seat. You can tuck a blanket around the baby once she is strapped in.
Do extensive research before picking a car seat for your baby. The type and positioning of the car seat play an important role in car seat safety. Strap the seat in place properly and use the harness belts to keep your baby safe.