Head & Hair Conditions in Children – Symptoms & Treatment

Head & Hair Conditions in Toddlers

Children are prone to hair and head problems. But excessive hair loss in children is quite unnatural and needs to be treated before things go beyond control. Find out the problems that your child could be suffering from and treat them today. Inspecting his hair is the best solution to diagnose this at home!

Torticollis in Children

Torticollis stands for ‘twisted neck’ and is also called wryneck. If your child is facing this condition, his head would be titled to one side. If this condition is caused due to positioning in the womb, it is called congenital torticollis.

1. Torticollis Symptoms in Kids

  • The toddler starts holding his head on one side.
  • He has limited neck movement.
  • It is generally painless but may cause some numbness or tingling at times.

2. Torticollis Treatment in Children

  • If your doctor diagnoses this condition due to an infection, he will treat it accordingly and the infection would soon heal.
  • If this condition is a reaction of some minor trauma or sleeping in the wrong posture, your doctor would probably recommend ibuprofen to reduce inflammation.
  • Some stretching exercises could improve the condition in your toddler.

Torticollis Treatment in Children

Alopecia Areata in Children

This is an auto-immune disorder which results in severe hair fall in patches. It is more likely to occur in toddlers over 18 months. Here, the immune system attacks the hair follicles. The follicles shrink and hair regrowth becomes very slow. It could take several months to gain back the lost hair. This condition is neither painful nor is your toddler unhealthy.

1. Alopecia Areata Symptoms in children

  • Clumps of your toddler’s hair start falling out.
  • Oval patches start appearing on head.
  • However, if the bald spots are crusty or flaky, it may be ringworm.
  • Toddler’s fingernails may look like rows of tiny dents.

2. Alopecia Areata Treatment in Children

  • There is no treatment for this condition, but there are treatments for stimulating hair growth.
  • If you are worried about the amount of hair lost by your child, make an appointment with a dermatologist and follow his suggestions.
  • If your child is older, doctors will probably recommend topical cortisone or other creams.

Hair Loss in Children

Hair loss has a lot of possibilities with different causes, symptoms and treatments. It is not natural for children to have isolated bald spots. Your toddler might be having a bare patch due to sleeping in the same position, night after night, or due to rubbing his head against a mattress.

Hair Fall Treatment-in Toddlers

  • Talk to your pediatrician. He would want to determine the reason behind the cause and start necessary treatment.
  • If your child has ringworm, for instance, your doctor will prescribe anti-fungal medication.
  • Hair loss due to a physical damage needs tender scalp care.
  • If some illness has caused excessive hair loss, it would heal up with time.
  • Keep a check on your toddler’s behaviour. Anxiousness, nervousness or frustrations are causes of hair loss, and parents need to get to the core of these feelings.

Head Lice in Toddlers

These are tiny insects that feed on the blood of human scalp. An infestation of these insects known as Pediculosis Capitis impacts children, usually through transfer of lice from hair of one child to the other. It does not carry any viral or bacterial diseases.

1. Head Lice Symptoms in Children

  • The child is constantly scratching his head, neck and ears. This is mainly due to an allergic reaction to louse saliva. If a person has a lice infestation, the itching stays for 2-6 weeks right after the infestation.
  • Lice may be visible, but hard to notice since they are fast and very small in size.
  • Lice eggs or nits are harder to spot as they stick to hair shafts and are camouflaged to match hair colour.

2. Head Lice Treatment in Children

  • Doctors suggest using over-the-counter medication and frequently combing with a special lice comb.
  • Keep your child’s hair clean.
  • There are some home remedies like petroleum jelly, olive oil, baby oil, etc. which are popular, but not scientifically tested.

If you observe your child showing any of these symptoms, consult a doctor immediately. A late response will only make things more troublesome for you and your little one.

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