IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) Failure: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Cope

IVF (In Vitro Fertilization) Failure: Causes, Symptoms & Tips to Cope

In-vitro fertilization is one of the advanced and powerful techniques that has helped couples of all sorts get pregnant and have a baby. Therefore, you might wonder why IVF fails if it supposed to be so good and scientifically stronger. Not every process comes with a guarantee and IVF itself depends on numerous factors for its own success.

IVF Failure Reasons

Knowing that the IVF procedure has failed barely gives any idea about the reasons that led up to it. The causes can vary across numerous factors.

1. Embryo Transplantation

At times, the embryo that has been fertilized successfully might not latch onto the uterus successfully and fail to implant within.

2. Absence of a Conducive Embryo

During the IVF procedure, the doctors might not find any embryo that is healthy and can successfully lead to a pregnancy. This makes it necessary to terminate the process.

3. Failure of Eggs to Fertilize

Even before an embryo formation, the eggs may fail to be fertilized by the sperm. This could be because of issues in either of them or even both.

4. An Absence of Quality Eggs

For an embryo to be formed properly, the eggs need to be of a high quality. If those are not obtained in a good amount, the chances of embryo formation are close to none.

5. Inadequate Number of Follicles

This is an early stage termination of IVF, even before the eggs are obtained from the female partner. If the stimulation fails to create enough follicles for egg generation, IVF cannot proceed ahead as it should.

Symptoms of IVF Failure

The IVF implantation failure symptoms are quite evident by the absence of any changes. Implantation generally causes changes in the tendency to smell, increased sensitivity of breasts, vaginal discharge, and slight abdominal cramping. If these don’t exist even after a couple of weeks post IVF, it might be indicative of a failure.

What Happens When IVF Fails?

In case you meet with an IVF failure, it would be necessary to meet your doctor to understand what happened and how can you proceed ahead from there.

1. Counselling Sessions

More than the medical aspect of things, the news of IVF failure can be emotionally hard for both you and your partner. This can even result in depression for some people or even anxiety about trying it out again. Undertaking counselling sessions can help you channel your emotions and find a semblance of peace again.

2. Changes in Your Lifestyle

By indulging in conversations with your doctor, there will be some clarity around any specific factors surrounding your lifestyle that might have contributed to an unsuccessful IVF procedure. Certain changes might be prescribed in order to keep your weight in an optimal range as well as other exercises that can help boost hormones conducive to pregnancy.

3. Carrying Out Genetic Testing Before Implantation

This is generally recommended if many other fertility options have failed to bear fruit. The costs associated with genetic testing are substantial. However, it helps diagnose any problems that might cause a problem with implantation of the embryo and correct them, or mitigate them by choosing an appropriate embryo.

Team of researchers carrying out genetic tests

How to Cope With IVF Failure?

Understanding the IVF failure causes is one aspect of coming to terms with the incident. But what’s more important is for you to cope with the incident itself and help yourself in returning back to normalcy in the best way possible.

1. Embrace the Life Without a Pregnancy

Since you aren’t yet pregnant, this should be a good chance to go back to the way things were earlier. Take a mini-trip with your friends and gorge on tasty foods, drink alcohol and have a fun time. Undertake any adventure activities that you might have shelved in the hope of pregnancy. Give yourself the enjoyment you deserve.

2. Engage in Conversations With Similar People

IVF failures are observed in many women. Connecting with them either via an online forum or an in-person meeting could help you voice your emotions and concerns, and find a friend who can support you through this. Letting out your feelings associated with it can make you feel lighter and better.

3. Carry Out Self-Healing

The body undergoes a massive change during IVF, and now it has to make its way back to its usual state. Your first period can take some time to occur since your menstrual cycle requires a few days to reset itself. When the bleeding does occur, try to celebrate it since it is a good sign that your body is doing alright. Indulge in acupressure or alternative healing methods that relax your mind and body together.

4. Put Together a Future Plan

Taking a look at various fertility websites and articles, as well as checking out the different discussions in forums can start giving you a better idea of the options that you can choose from. It also helps you create a coping mechanism and a plan of action if the other option were to fail as well.

5. Trust Nature to Do the Right Thing

In certain cases, IVF might proceed to a successful pregnancy, only to meet with a miscarriage or requiring termination of the foetus due to certain medical conditions. Talk to your doctor and the IVF personnel to understand the reasons for failure in a better manner. These can help you cope with it, as well as know that whatever happened, happened for the best.

6. Choose Who You Tell About it

The excitement of being a mother via IVF would have you talking to all your friends about it. Which is why the failure can seem to add yet another factor of awkwardness as you end up telling your friends about that as well. Look at this as a learning lesson and keep a shorter circle of people who know about any later attempts, once they are fully in place.

7. Stop Blaming Yourself For the Results

The IVF procedure is pretty complex and depends on numerous factors to be present in the optimal state for it to be successful. You don’t need to take all the blame of having an unhealthy body or being careless on any accord.

Couple consoling each other

How Many Times Can You Try IVF?

Ideally, a couple should be ready to try around 6 cycles of IVF to get a good result. Since that can be quite costly for many, fertility clinics might have certain plans that can reduce costs or share the risks of failure.

When to Try Again

You may not know why does IVF fail with good embryos, but that should not keep you from trying again. If you have faced failure in the first IVF, give yourself time to recover and get a checkup done with your doctor. Once those seem to be all good, your doctor can let you know the best time to try out IVF again.

Factors Your Second IVF Success Will Depend On

Even if you have faced a failure in your first IVF cycle, there’s a second one you can opt for and achieve a successful result. The dependency of an IVF procedure bearing fruit in the second attempt lies on a variety of factors.

  • The capabilities of the embryo in terms of chromosomes and genetics
  • The quality of the embryo itself
  • Any existing issues of the uterus
  • The number of eggs retrieved
  • The professional expertise of the IVF personnel in transferring the embryo as well as obtaining the eggs
  • The upkeep and quality of the laboratory where the IVF procedure is being conducted
  • An intended result of conducting a stimulation of the ovaries during IVF
  • The amount of sperm that is obtained as well as its quality
  • The number of eggs that are obtained as well as their quality
  • The age of the female partner being subjected to IVF

Figuring out what next when IVF fails can be troubling for many couples. The key is to focus on the end result and not blame yourself for things that go wrong. A good mental health is just as important for a successful pregnancy as a physical one.

Also Read: Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer (GIFT) – A Fertility Treatment