Eating Chewing Gum While Pregnant: Benefits & Effects

Chewing Gum During Pregnancy – Is It Safe?

Medically Reviewed By
Archana Shah (Diabetologist/Nutritionist/Dietitian)
View more Diabetologist/Nutritionist/Dietitian Our Panel of Experts

Chewing gum is so common that many people wouldn’t think twice before buying a packet. It can be used as a mouth freshener or simply to be more alert. Many pregnant women have found that chewing on flavoured gum also helps in reducing morning nausea, which is common during pregnancy period. However, chewing gum is not a natural food item after all. It has various artificial flavours and substances, which is why it is important to know how safe or unsafe is consumption of chewing gum while pregnant. With the help of this article, we will learn about the benefits of having gum during pregnancy. We will also take a look at safe chewing gum when pregnant.

Can You Chew Gum During Pregnancy?

On a general note, chewing gum once in a while is generally safe, as long as your pregnancy is free from complications or there is no chance of a risky delivery. If you are on a specific diet that keeps your calorie intake under control or sugar-levels at a minimum, the amount of gum might have to be reduced further.

What Is Chewing Gum Made of?

Chewing gum is manufactured artificially, which makes it evident that it will contain various chemicals and synthetic ingredients. The variety of flavours are created artificially, the colours are artificial as well, and the major constituents of the taste come from chemical sweetening agents or even corn syrup. These might seem completely unfit for a baby, but an occasional gum doesn’t seem to cause much harm.

What Artificial Sweeteners Are Added to the Chewing Gum and Are They Harmful?

Chewing gums labelled “sugar-free” are replete with artificial sweeteners. Artificial sweeteners are of two types – one is nutritious and contain calories, and the other is no-nutritious and does not contain calories. You can consume artificial sweeteners during your pregnancy in moderate quantities after consulting with your doctor.

Benefits of Chewing Gum While Pregnant

If you are pregnant, you can expect the following benefits from chewing gum.

  • If you are on a diet to control your weight, chewing gum is a great way to keep those food cravings in control. The simple act of chewing on something can trick your body into feeling that food intake is taking place and reduce any cravings for some time.
  • Nausea in the morning or in the evening is pretty much a constant when pregnant. There are a number of techniques, right from breathing deep to smelling a bar of soap to reduce nausea. Gum, however, contains stevia, which is directly linked to reducing the feeling of sickness. Combined with the act of chewing, your body can find some relief and get back to normalcy, further helped by the taste and smell of the gum.
  • Pregnant mothers keep undergoing repeated instances of heartburn after a meal. By chewing on gum, the saliva production in the mouth increases, which finds its way into the stomach and helps in countering any residual stomach acid.


Harmful Effects of Chewing Gum During Pregnancy

While there are benefits, chewing gum during pregnancy also comes with its own caveats. Here are the side effects of chewing gum during pregnancy:

  • The artificially sweetened gums and flavours can be directly responsible for causing dental issues and can be quite an irritation during pregnancy.
  • Sorbitol is a widely-used sweetener in chewing gum, which is also responsible for inflation of the gut. At times, this could affect the foetus and cause a restriction in its normal growth.
  • Certain gums also contain sucralose, which is linked with causing harmful effects related to diabetes.
  • The constant act of chewing can weaken the cartilage muscles of the mouth that are present to cushion the jaw from any impact. If they get damaged, there will be a constant pain in the mouth.
  • In certain mothers having phenylketonuria, the aspartame chemical present in chewing gum can directly affect the foetus and bring more harm.
  • For mothers who use nicotine gum as an alternative to stop smoking for the baby’s benefit, it is necessary to know that nicotine gum is not a healthy choice either. Nicotine is the core addictive and if it reaches the baby’s blood, it can be responsible for cardiological problems later in life.

What Happens If You Accidentally Swallowed Chewing Gum During Pregnancy?

Although you should never swallow gum, but mistakenly swallowing a piece of gum will not harm you or your baby. It will travel through your digestive system and get excreted in your stool.

What Chewing Gums Are Safe for Pregnant Women?

Here are some chewing gums that are deemed safe during pregnancy.

1. Gums with xylitol as a constituent

Many popular brands contain an alcohol-molecule of a sugar termed as xylitol. If this is the core component, then the gum is safe for pregnant women in decent amounts.

2. Gums with aspartame as a sweetener

Aspartame is a sweetener used in many chewing gums, although it doesn’t provide any nutrition since it is artificial. Only in cases where the mother has PKU are such chewing gums highly advised against. This is primarily due to the body’s inability in breaking down phenylalanine, present in the aspartame, which causes it to be stored in the body and start affecting the baby adversely.

3. Gums that have sucralose as a sweetener

Just like aspartame, sucralose is another artificial sweetening agent that contains no calories and is found in many chewing gum brands. It is beneficial since it doesn’t affect the sugar levels in the blood and maintains health as it is.

4. Gums containing nicotine as a constituent

Though these are never recommended as recreational chewing gums, they are used by mothers to counter their need for smoking. Although it might help increase the weight of the baby, the presence of nicotine should always be kept to a minimal.


Chewing Gums Which Are Unsafe During Pregnancy

The following chewing gums should not be chewed if you are pregnant.

1. Gums with saccharine as a constituent

There have been many controversies around this ingredient since many food organisations deem it safe, but actual results have produced exceptions. Even though found in many food items and drinks, once inside the body, saccharine can very easily reach the foetus via the placenta, and could possibly harm the growth of the child.

2. Gums with sorbitol present in them

Sorbitol does have sweetening properties, but those are accompanied by its nature as a laxative. Consuming such chewing gums could even cause diarrhoea and other intestinal issues. At times, it is known to absorb nutrients and prevent them from reaching the foetus, too.

When Should You Completely Avoid Chewing Gum?

If you can identify with the following, you should not be chewing gum at all.

  • If you have elevated sugar levels due to the onset of pregnancy-induced diabetes, you should avoid chewing gum.

Sugar test

  • If doctors have deemed your body to be resistant to insulin, sweetened chewing gum should be totally restricted at all costs.
  • Common diabetes such as diabetes mellitus requires sugar levels to stay absolutely within the safe range throughout pregnancy. Chewing gum could fluctuate these levels and create complications.

Precautions Pregnant Women Should Keep in Mind While Chewing Gum

The following precautionary measures are recommended for pregnant women before and after chewing gum.

  1. Floss after chewing the gum.
  2. Stop chewing any gum one month prior to the due date.
  3. Check the constituents of the chewing gum carefully.
  4. Make sure you don’t swallow the gum at any cost.
  5. Opt for unsweetened gum if possible.
  6. Avoid gums that have menthol or mint flavours in them.
  7. Chew gums in moderation.
  8. Stay away from nicotine gums in case of liver or kidney issues.
  9. Maintain dental health by brushing your teeth regularly.
  10. Talk to your doctor before opting for any kind of chewing gum.


1. Is It Safe to Chew Gum When in Labor?

Some studies say that chewing gums during labour can help manage anxiety and stress in the first stage of labour.

2. Can I Eat Sugar-free Gum While Pregnant?

Yes, after consulting with your doctor, you can consume sugar-free chewing gum during pregnancy.

3. Can Chewing Gum Lead to Bloating During Pregnancy?

Yes, chewing gum can lead to bloating as you swallow air when chewing.

On a basic level, it is best to stay away from chewing gum when you are pregnant. For mothers that find the benefit in the reduction of morning sickness, the same can be obtained by making use of other techniques and natural fragrances that are much safer and resolve the issue without complications.


1. Pregnancy;;

2. Rena Takahashi, Erika Ota, Keika Hoshi;; Fluoride supplementation (with tablets, drops, lozenges or chewing gum) in pregnant women for preventing dental caries in the primary teeth of their children;;

3. Oral Health Care for the Pregnant Pediatric Dental Patient;;

4. Alex Farr; Chewing Gum Containing Vitamin-c to Treat Emesis Gravidarum; Medical University of Vienna;

5. Oral Health Care During Pregnancy and Through the Lifespan;;

Also Read:

Smoking while Pregnant
Using Mouthwash during Pregnancy
Eating Cashew Nuts when Pregnant

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