Baby’s Skin Rash – Causes, Treatment & Prevention Tips
Noticing the first rash on your baby’s skin might make you think about the worst possible outcomes. But rashes in babies are usually inevitable, treatable and aren’t a cause for alarm. We understand they might be a little uncomfortable for your baby, but don’t begin to panic, with a little extra care, they should subside soon.
The natural protective barrier of a baby’s skin is underdeveloped at birth. Using products with high pH can further damage this protective barrier and cause dryness, rashes, itching and redness. Use only pH 5.5 based skincare products to keep baby’s skin healthy and safe from external aggressors.
There are different types of rashes that affect various parts of a baby’s body. To help you understand these rashes, we have covered some information for you below.
Causes of Baby Rash
Our little ones have very new skin and developing immune systems. Their skin is quite sensitive and susceptible to many sources of irritation or infection, which could result in inflammation or a rash. Some of the major reasons for baby rash are:
- Certain foods
Types of Baby Rash and Their Treatment
1. Baby Acne
Acnes are small red bumps on the baby’s skin and mostly occurs on the face. This acne looks similar to adult acne, but it doesn’t progress to the blackhead or whitehead stages. The acne can take the form of just one or two bumps over a wide area or can be present as many bumps in a small area.
Treatment: Make sure to clean up any residue on your baby’s face after they’re finished eating. Also, you can apply Sebamed Protective Facial Cream at least twice a day after cleaning the baby’s face. The cream is rich in panthenol and allantoin and will soothe and regenerate irritated skin.
2. Flaky or Dry Skin
Dry, flaky or peeling patches of the skin are very common in newborns and infants. This type of rash looks like dry, flaky skin in children and adults. If the baby’s skin is extra dry, it can become irritated and turn red, swollen, and warm to the touch.
Treatment: Baby’s dry skin is caused due lack of moisture in the baby’s skin. The best thing you can do for dry or flaky skin rash is to apply a hydrating cream like Sebamed Baby cream, which moisturises the baby’s delicate skin and keeps the dry, flaking skin from getting further irritated or infected.
Milia are white bumps that appear on the baby’s nose and cheeks. These are caused by blocked oil glands deep within the baby’s skin.
Treatment: Slowly, the baby’s body will become accustomed to its new environment outside the womb, and the skin will balance and normalise on its own. But you can prevent milia from sticking around longer than it should by keeping the baby’s skin clean and washing it with tear-free and Gentle Baby Wash from Sebamed.
4. Prickly Heat
These are heat rashes which are often confused with acne, as they look like small red bumps. Prickly heat rashes appear only in places that are susceptible to sweating and overheating, like the neck and armpits.
Treatment: This rash problem can be healed by bathing the child in cool water and patting their skin dry with a soft towel. The itchiness that results from the rash will be relieved once your baby’s skin cools down. Alternatively, you can apply Sebamed Baby Powder on the affected area, as it contains the goodness of allantoin, which will protect the baby’s skin against irritation.
Eczema rashes are dry, swollen, red, itchy patches on your baby’s skin, which can appear on their chest, legs, knees, arms, elbows, and face.
Treatment: Baby eczema can be treated by applying an emollient cream a few times a day. Cream like Sebamed Extra Soft Cream can be applied on the baby’s body as it contains 41% emollients that ensure that the skin remains plump and moisturised, keeping itchy eczema at bay.
6. Diaper Rash
The rashes in your baby’s diaper area generally occur due to the baby’s sensitive skin not getting enough air. The diaper rash can make your baby’s skin become red and itchy.
Treatment: Keep your baby’s skin dry and allow it to breathe, let them be without a diaper for a while. You can also apply a healing cream, like Sebamed Rash Cream, to the affected areas to heal the diaper rash. It has wheat bran extracts that help to soothe rashes, plus a pH 5.5 formulation that protects the natural barrier of the baby’s skin.
7. Drool Rash
Drool rashes are generally flat or slightly raised patches with small red bumps. This type of rash can develop when your baby’s chin and neck are constantly covered in saliva. Drooling can be a typical teething side effect or because of the use of pacifier use, leftover food particles, and frequent face-wiping.
Treatment: Clean your baby’s face and rash-affected area properly and apply Sebamed Baby Protective Facial Cream, which will help prevent dryness. Remember to pat and apply the cream. Do not scrub your baby’s face to dry.
8. Cradle Cap
A cradle cap causes extremely thick and flaky skin on a baby’s scalp. Sometimes, it also affects the skin under the eyebrows or on the nose, armpits, or groin. The flakes are often white or yellow and can be either dry or greasy.
Treatment: The cradle cap can be treated by first applying Sebamed Soothing Baby Massage Oil, a non-greasy formula that works as an emollient. Then gently scrub the area with a cradle cap brush and wash your baby’s head with Sebamed Children Shampoo, which contains herbal extracts that alleviate irritation and soothe the skin, promoting a healthy scalp for healthy hair growth.
Tips to Prevent Baby Rash
It is disheartening to see your little one getting uncomfortable and irritated due to a rash. Here are some steps you can take to help prevent a rash in babies:
- Change the baby’s diaper frequently.
- Keep the baby’s skin clean and dry.
- Dress the baby in breathable fabrics.
- Dress your baby weather-appropriately to avoid overheating.
- Keep the baby’s vaccinations up to date.
- Using lotions, shampoos, and soaps specifically designed for a baby’s sensitive skin, preferably dermatologist tested.
When to Consult a Doctor
Immediately consult your baby’s doctor in case:
- Baby develops a rash followed by a fever.
- Baby has a rash that stays for more than a week.
- Baby develops widespread hives around the mouth accompanied by coughing, wheezing, vomiting, or other respiratory symptoms.
- Baby has a rash accompanied by a very high fever, a stiff neck, sensitivity to light, neurological changes, or uncontrollable shaking.
It is justified to panic when your baby develops a rash, especially if it looks itchy and uncomfortable. But the good news is that the rashes sometimes heal on their own or are easily treatable. If you’re too concerned about your baby’s rash, call your paediatrician, and they’ll help determine what is causing your baby’s rash and provide treatment accordingly.