Bleeding After Caesarean Delivery: Everything You Should Know
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- Post-C-Section Bleeding: Is It Normal?
- What Are the Causes of Bleeding After Caesarean Delivery?
- How Long Does Post Caesarean Bleeding Last?
- Some Common Signs of Internal Bleeding
- How Much Bleeding Merits Medical Attention?
- How to Manage Bleeding Post C-section?
- Treatment For Bleeding After C-Section
- Things to Keep in Mind About Bleeding After C-Section
There are many aspects involved in childbirth- The labour pains, the method of delivery, release of fluids like amniotic fluid, blood, etc. Blood loss is unavoidable during and after birth, more so during a C-section. Expecting mothers will be preparing themselves as they go through these. Although some bleeding is normal, it helps to know what to expect, and when bleeding after C-section requires a doctor’s attention. Read on to know more on this.
Post-C-Section Bleeding: Is It Normal?
- After the procedure, you will experience heavy bleeding for the first few days, along with some clotting. This may be heavier than your periods.
- This bleeding is a type of vaginal discharge, known as lochia, and is bright red in colour.
- There may be some clotting along with the bleeding, which is also normal during this time.
- This discharge will last for around a fortnight (6 weeks). Post that, it will become more watery and the colour will turn from pink-brown to yellow-white.
- This bleeding occurs because the body needs to expel the extra tissue that is present in the uterus. Bleeding occurs irrespective of the kind of delivery.
In case the bleeding does not reduce after the first few weeks, you should consult the doctor.
What Are the Causes of Bleeding After Caesarean Delivery?
1. Severed Blood Vessels
During C-sections, there are lacerations made, which cause bleeding. In some cases, the initial incision is not wide enough for the baby to exit, and this causes the tissues and blood vessels around this area to get severed while the baby is being taken out. Sometimes, bleeding occurs because some of the arteries and veins around the uterus are accidentally cut during the procedure.
2. Uterine Atony
Uterine Atony is another cause of bleeding after a C-section. It occurs when the woman’s uterus does not contract after the placenta is expelled, following the birth of the baby. The blood vessels are closed by the uterine contractions, which prevent the area around the placenta from bleeding, once the placenta is expelled through the vagina. When the uterus does not contract after delivery, it remains open, resulting in heavy bleeding.
3. Placenta Fragments
Some women experience heavy bleeding when the fragments from the placenta remain inside the uterus. This is common in women who have had multiple C-sections.
4. Placenta Accreta
This is a common cause of bleeding. In this case, the bleeding happens because the placenta does not separate naturally from the uterus, as it is deeply embedded. Women who have placenta accreta have the risk of haemorrhaging because the doctor has to manually remove the placenta.
How Long Does Post Caesarean Bleeding Last?
After a caesarean delivery, the bleeding will last for about 6 weeks. There may be various reasons for bleeding after a C-section. Even if it is accompanied by small clots, bleeding is not a cause for worry. However, it must be remembered that the woman might have lost a lot of blood during the C-section, and heavy bleeding after the procedure may become life-threatening. Hence, it is important to keep a lookout for signs of internal bleeding.
Some Common Signs of Internal Bleeding
1. Rapid Heartbeat and Difficulty Breathing
Rapid heartbeat and gasping breathing are a sign of internal bleeding.
2. A Boggy Uterus
Post-C-section, if the uterus loses its form and becomes boggy or flabby, then internal bleeding may be the cause for it.
3. Weakness and Severe Anxiety
A lot of women experiencing internal bleeding may complain of weakness and severe anxiety.
4. Pale and Cold Body
Internal bleeding can make the woman’s face pale and her hands and feet cold.
5. Heavy Vaginal Bleeding
If your vaginal bleeding after a C-section continues to be heavy even after the initial few weeks, it could be internal bleeding.
6. Reduced Urine Output
If the blood reaching the kidneys is less, then it affects the urine output. Thus, reduced urine output may be a sign of internal bleeding
How Much Bleeding Merits Medical Attention?
If your bleeding becomes heavy again, after tapering off, and the colour turns red, it may be due to overexertion. However, if clotting continues even after resting for a few days, it might be due to some complications.
You should consult your doctor immediately, if:
- You are using up a pad or more every hour
- The clotting continues
- You are feeling dizzy or nauseous
- Your pulse is more than 100, you are feeling palpitations
- Your blood pressure is less than 100 systolic in your home BP apparatus
How to Manage Bleeding Post C-section?
Simple ways to manage the heavy flow post-C-section are:
1. Use Pads – Not Tampons
- During the initial weeks, when the flow is heavy, you should use thick pads similar to the thickness of baby diapers.
- Tampons can cause a bacterial infection, so they should be completely avoided.
- Pads and tampons also make it easier to estimate the amount of blood loss.
2. Wear Old Clothes
During this time, you should use old panties and clothes that can be disposed of later. You might get stains from bleeding, which are difficult to remove.
3. Regularly Change Pads
- Keep a stock of maternity pads because you will need lots of them after the delivery.
- Good quality maternity pads should be used. Folds of cloth should not be used at all.
- 3 packs of 12 pads can suffice. Initially, you will have to change hourly, and thereafter, every 3-4 hours.
- Hands should be washed and disinfected every time you change the pad.
4. Rest is Best
Since you are bleeding heavily complete bed rest is advised in the initial weeks.
- You should avoid any physically strenuous activity because it can affect the recovery process and increase bleeding.
- Since the body is recuperating from the change, it is important that you co-operate in the process.
5. Get Help Around the House
You may ask for support from your family members or hire professional help.
Treatment For Bleeding After C-Section
If there is still heavy bleeding after a C-section, then you need to consult your doctor. The treatment will depend on the source of the bleeding, at which stage it started, and the seriousness. Hence, giving your doctor a complete medical history is important. The following are some of the treatment options that your doctor will follow:
1. Administering Medicines and Fluids or Having a Blood Transfusion
These treatments are done with the help of a needle into your vein, or it may be directly administered in the uterus. Usually, Pitocin is given as a medicine.
2. Manually Massaging the Uterus
The doctor will massage the uterus by hand to help it contract, reduce bleeding and help the body release blood clots. You may also be given medications like Oxytocin which causes the uterus to contract and reduce bleeding.
3. Removing the Placenta Remnants
Remaining pieces of the placenta from the uterus if any are removed. The uterus is packed with gauze. A special balloon, sponges, medical tools or stitches are used to stop bleeding from blood vessels.
4. Surgery Like a Hysterectomy or a Laparotomy
If other treatments don’t work, the doctor may perform a Hysterectomy in which the uterus is removed. Or a Laparotomy may be done in which the doctor opens your stomach to check for the source of bleeding and stop it.
Things to Keep in Mind About Bleeding After C-Section
Here are some things you should remember about bleeding after caesarean delivery. We have also covered some tips on managing the bleeding and what to expect.
1. Breastfeeding May Help
Breastfeeding can help lighten some of the heavy bleeding after a C-section, as the uterine muscles and blood vessels tend to contract when you breastfeed. Hence, the blood loss decreases due to the release of the hormone oxytocin
2. Keep a Watch on Physical Activity
Physical stress and intense activity can increase postpartum bleeding after a C-section. Hence, limit any physical work, such as high-intensity exercise, lifting heavy objects, etc., and take rest to recover quickly.
3. Effectively Relieve Pain
You may experience painful contractions during this time. However, avoid taking any medication without your doctor’s approval. Apply a warm compress to your abdomen to relieve pain. If it persists, consult a doctor who can direct you on how to manage pain due to contractions.
1. How Much Blood Loss Is Too Much During C-Section Delivery?
A loss of more than 1000ml of blood after a C-section delivery may be alarming and needs immediate medical attention.
2. What Are the Signs of Postpartum Hemorrhage After C-section Delivery?
A significant decrease in blood pressure, a reduction in red blood cell count, excessive bleeding, an increase in heart rate, swelling in the vaginal perineal areas and tissue pain are some of the signs of postpartum haemorrhage after a C-section delivery
Adequate post-natal care is important, not only to make sure that you get back to normal life as soon as possible but also because your baby needs your care and complete attention in the first few months of her life. Make sure you take it easy and avoid exerting yourself to avoid complications, and do see a doctor if you notice any signs of ill health.
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