Typhoid in Kids – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Typhoid in Kids - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Last Updated on

Typhoid is a major health concern in India, and children are more prone to it than adults. This contagious disease spreads through contaminated food and water and is caused by a bacteria known as salmonella typhi. It can impair physical and cognitive development in children. The best way to prevent typhoid is to immunise your baby against it at the right time.

Typhoid Vaccine – What Is It?

Typhoid vaccines help prevent typhoid. Vaccination against this disease is vital, otherwise, it can lead to serious complications. Typhoid is also known to adversely affect young children. There are different types of vaccines available to prevent typhoid – you must always consult your paediatrician to know which would suit your toddler.

Typhoid Vaccine - What Is It?

Types of Typhoid Vaccinations

Typhoid is a serious problem and should not be taken lightly. There are two types of typhoid vaccinations:

  • Inactivated Typhoid Vaccine: This vaccine is made from inactive bacteria. It is an injectable vaccine that provides protection. A booster dose is required every 2 years.
  • Live Typhoid Vaccine (Oral): This vaccine, also called typhoid pills, is made of live, weakened bacteria. It provides protection for about 5 years. It is taken orally as a course of 4 doses in 1 week. It should be followed by booster doses every 5 years.

Who Should Get Immunised Against Typhoid?

Generally, typhoid vaccination is recommended for:

  • People travelling to and around typhoid-ridden countries like India
  • People who are in close contact with an infected person
  • People who work with salmonella typhi bacteria In India

In India, however, routine typhoid vaccination is advised as we are more prone to infections. Typhoid vaccine for babies can be given as early as the age of 9-12 months.

The Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine or TCV is administered when the baby is between 9 and 12 months old, and it must be followed by booster doses every two years.

Typhoid Vaccine Cost in India

You will find Typbar TCV and PedaTyph available in the market currently. Although the cost may vary, the typhoid vaccine cost in India can be anywhere between Rs. 150 and Rs. 525.

(Note: vaccination prices mentioned are for reference only and may vary as per brand and location.)

Typhoid Vaccine Schedule

The typhoid vaccine schedule in India is included in the list of mandatory vaccinations suggested by the paediatrician, right after the birth of a baby. But before giving it to a baby, remember these important things:

Number of Doses

The first dose of the TCV is given at the age of 9-12 months, followed by booster doses every two years.

Recommended Ages

Ideally, the typhoid shot is recommended for children older than 2 years of age. Alternatively, the TCV can be given at the age of 9-12 months.

The schedule for the typhoid vaccine for children is as follows:

Age Type of Vaccine Dose
9-12 months Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine (TCV) First Dose
2 years TCV Booster Dose
4 – 6 years TCV Booster Dose

In case of the oral typhoid vaccine, a person is given 4 doses of typhoid pills on alternate days for one week. It is followed by booster doses every 5 years. It should only be given to children older than 6 years of age. Always remember to consult a doctor before giving it to a child.

Things to Avoid Before or After Getting the Typhoid Vaccine

Before giving your child a typhoid vaccine, keep these things in mind:

  • This vaccine cannot be given if your child is allergic to any component of the vaccine. The doctor must be made aware of allergies if any, much before the vaccination is given.
  • Your child must not be even moderately ill at the time of getting a vaccination.
  • Anyone who has had a severe reaction to the previous dose of the same vaccine should not be given another dose.

Although the typhoid vaccine is absolutely safe, your child may develop a fever for a day or two after the vaccine is taken. You need not panic. Visit the doctor immediately if the fever persists for too long.

Which Children Should Not Be Given This Vaccine, or Should Wait?

You must keep in mind that the typhoid vaccine for children should not be given before the age of 2 years. In the case of an oral vaccine, you must wait until the child turns 6 years old.

What Happens If Your Child Misses the Dose

If you are worried that your toddler may have missed the vaccine at 9 months, don’t worry – you can still give it to her before she turns one. Moreover, TCV can be given to your child any time after the age of 2 years. Oral typhoid vaccine can be given after a child turns 6 years of age. Ask your paediatrician for more information.

Possible Risks and Side-effects of the Vaccine

The side-effects of the typhoid vaccine are much less dangerous than contracting the infection itself. Typhoid vaccine side-effects are generally mild – they tend to go away in a few days. In rare cases, there may be an allergic reaction. The side-effects have been discussed below:

Possible Risks and Side-effects of the Vaccine

1. Serious Side Effects

Generally, the typhoid vaccine does not have any serious side-effects. Contact your paediatrician in case of:

  • Signs of a severe allergic reaction like dizziness, hives, and swelling of the face and throat
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Weakness
  • Very high fever
  • Changes in behaviour

Although rare, these may manifest within a few hours of taking the vaccination.

2. Less Serious Side Effects

Some less severe side-effects of the typhoid shot are:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Redness and swelling
  • Itching and soreness at the place where the injection is given
  • General discomfort

For Oral Typhoid Vaccine, besides fever and headache, there may be a chance of:

Typhoid is a serious disease that is best prevented in young children. If you are alert and careful, you can ensure your child’s healthy childhood. Regular vaccinations and timely care will help you in doing just that.

This information is for the purpose of reference alone. Please consult your paediatrician regarding the actual vaccination schedule.

References: Mayoclinic

Also Read: Typhoid in Babies