Medical abbreviations are often found similar to one another. It might be a challenge to understand which immunization an acronym or abbreviation is referring to. In this post, we’ll help you understand the most standard abbreviations and acronyms found in the vaccine records of your little one. It will help you remain up to date regarding your child’s immunizations and also help you in filling out the forms.
Most of the vaccination or immunization records cover the following information:
Some information in the record may be self-explanatory. However, most is written down in codes. Read on to know some commonly-used abbreviations in your child’s vaccination record.
Below mentioned are the vaccine acronyms that are commonly found in a child’s immunization records:
Often, you’ll find abbreviations for the method the vaccine was administered in. Here are some of them:
As with the method of vaccination in the record, you will also find acronyms used for the location/site of the vaccination.
There are some more common terms you’ll find in the medical records. Here are some of them:
1. Acellular Vaccine: As opposed to complete cells, an acellular vaccine is a vaccine that contains only a partial cellular material.
2. Active Immunity: Active immunity refers to the production of antibodies in the immune system to fight a specific disease. Active immunity can be acquired in two ways, i.e. through a vaccine or by contracting the disease. Active immunity is generally considered permanent, which means the individual is protected from a specific disease for the entire duration of his/her lives.
3. Inactivated Vaccines: Vaccines that are produced with the help of the inactivated version of the infection producing microorganism.
4. Live Attenuated Vaccine: These types of vaccines are created using live viruses with reduced/weakened virulence. They are believed to provide immunity for a longer period, but it can be unsafe if you have weakened immunity. Some of the live attenuated vaccines are rubella, measles, mumps, varicella, rotavirus, yellow fever, smallpox, and also some formulations of influenza, shingles, and typhoid vaccine.
5. Conjugate Vaccine: This type of vaccine evokes the immune response in the body against a specific microorganism by using a part of the infectious agent (strong antigen) and a part of the weakened agent (weak antigen).
6. Toxoid Vaccine: Rather than making use of the microorganism itself, this type of vaccine uses a part of the harmful toxin that is produced from the microorganism to build immunity against the harmful toxin.
7. Bivalent Vaccine: A bivalent vaccine is designed to target two strains of a microorganism.
8. Adverse Event: An adverse event refers to a negative outcome after medical treatment. Generally, adverse events are considered more severe than common side effects. For instance, an allergy to immunization can be considered as an adverse event.
9. Side Effects: A side effect can be termed as a reaction that may occur after exposure to medical treatment such as vaccination, surgery, or medication. The most common side effects include redness, soreness, pain at the site of injection, or a feeling of run down.
10. Herd Immunity: This term describes a situation wherein the disease is less prevalent and is very less likely to spread when more number of people are vaccinated for it. In general, people with weak immunity, such as those who are being treated for cancer, premature babies, or those with HIV infections are more likely to get infected with infectious diseases even after being immunized.
11. Combination Vaccine: This is referred to a vaccine that can protect against two or more diseases. Some combination vaccines can also protect against diseases caused by different strains or the same organism.
12. Booster Shots: Booster shots are those additional dosages of vaccine that are administered periodically to boost the immune system of the individual. For instance, the Td vaccine is recommended for adults every ten years for tetanus and diphtheria.
13. Antibody: Antibody refers to the protein formed in the blood in response to foreign particles like bacteria and viruses that invade our body. Antibodies protect against diseases by binding to these organisms and destroying them.
14. Contraindication: A rare condition in which the patient is likely to result in a life-threatening situation if a vaccine were given.
Gathering as much information regarding the various vaccinations and their history can be enlightening and helpful. The immunization and vaccinations are considered very safe and also protect us against a number of deadly diseases and dangerous epidemics.
The next time you happen to come across immunization vaccination acronyms, we are sure you will know most of them. If not, refer to this article again to know what has been recorded about your little one’s immunization. The information is quite easy to understand once you know the basics.
Myths And Facts of Vaccination
Vaccination in the First 24 Hours For a Newborn
Can Infants Have Vaccination with Cold or Cough?
This post was last modified on June 3, 2020 6:24 pm
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