All of us have had mouth ulcers at some point in our lives, and kids are no different. Children often get distressed when they experience it for the first time, not realising that it will soon heal by itself. There are many factors which can lead to the formation of ulcers in the mouth, such as deficiency of folic acid, vitamin B12 and iron in the food. Understanding the reasons and treatment of these ulcers will help you comfort your child and get him through this uncomfortable time. And, this article has just that – all the essential information you need to know about mouth ulcers, their causes, and ways to treat and prevent them in children.
Mouth ulcers are cuts/lesions that are formed in the mouth (the gums, the tongue or the insides of the cheeks). They are also called canker sores and can develop due to mouth injuries caused while brushing or during dental treatments. In some instances, these are due to vitamin deficiencies and viral infections.
Children could get any of the following three types of mouth ulcers. They are categorised depending on their appearance and the time they take to heal. Read on to know more.
The most common cause of mouth ulcers in children is injury. However, there are cases wherein children have developed mouth ulcers since it runs in the family. Here are some reasons that can cause mouth ulcers in infants and children:
When children are too young to explain what the discomfort is, parents may not be able to figure out what’s happening to them. For that, you must know the signs and symptoms of mouth ulcers to treat the issue as soon as it is detected.
It is easy to identify a mouth ulcer due to its distinguished appearance in the mouth. Following are the signs and symptoms of mouth ulcers in babies and kids:
At times, children might get a cold sore which might be confused with a mouth ulcer. Here’s how cold sores are different than mouth ulcers/ canker sores.
Canker sores are completely different from a cold sore. Canker sores appear in the soft tissues of the mouth and are not contagious. Cold sores, also known as fever blisters, are caused by herpes simplex virus and are contagious. Cold sores generally appear on the outside of the lips.
Once the type of mouth ulcer is identified, the medical practitioner can suggest appropriate treatment to your little one. Let’s find out what can be done to ease your child’s discomfort when he develops a mouth ulcer.
As mentioned earlier, mouth ulcers do not require any special medication and heal on their own in a few days or a couple of weeks, depending on their size. The pain from the sores usually subsides within three to four days.
It is better to avoid hot, spicy or citrus food as they will make the ulcers hurt even more. The paediatrician may suggest applying teething gel or cream on the affected area.
In case of severe pains in the sores, you can request your doctor to give a proper dose of over the counter pain relievers such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen. It is advised not the give any kind of medication to your child without first consulting the doctor.
Below are some home remedies you can try if your child gets a mouth ulcer. These could be used for minor mouth ulcers. However, if your child has a fever and shows signs of cold, you must take him to a medical practitioner and skip these home remedies.
It is difficult to prevent mouth ulcers as the exact cause cannot be determined. You may, however, try these methods to prevent mouth ulcers in your children, although there is no assurance that these work.
If the mouth ulcers take too long to heal, you should visit the doctor and get your child checked.
You should consult a doctor immediately if you notice any of the following symptoms in your child:
Mouth ulcers can be frustrating to deal with for many children. The exact cause of why kids get mouth ulcers is hard to pinpoint. It can be quite difficult for even the most cautious parents to prevent it with effectiveness. However, certain precautions can be taken by the parents, such as proper hygiene and a balanced diet to reduce the occurrence of mouth ulcers.
This post was last modified on April 16, 2020 5:14 pm
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