List of Vaccines for 4 to 6 Year Old Children

List of Vaccines for 4 to 6 Years Old Children

It is important to vaccinate children in their early childhood. Vaccinations prevent numerous diseases and are absolutely necessary for your little one. Find out which vaccines are important for a 4-year-old child.

Important Vaccinations for Children Between the Ages of 4 and 6

Here is a list of four essential vaccines for four-year-old children.

Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis (DTP)

This is a combination of vaccines that immunises the body against three separate diseases.

DTP Vaccine

1. Prevents Your Child From

The DTP vaccine protects against:

  • Diphtheria, which is a respiratory illness with symptoms such as breathing difficulty and heart failure. If your child is not vaccinated against it, it can prove fatal.
  • Pertussis, commonly called whooping cough, is a contagious respiratory disease that results in intense coughing spasms making it tough to breathe.
  • Tetanus is a neural disease caused by the release of a particular toxin by the infectious bacteria. It can lead to muscle spasm, uncontrollable contractions, and even death.

2. Dosage

The DTP vaccine needs to be given a total of five times, starting a couple of months after birth.

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The first four doses are given at two months, four months, six months, and anytime between fifteen and eighteen months of age. The fifth and final dose is a booster, given between four and six years of age.

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There is no need for DTP vaccinations after this point.

3. Precautions

It is advised that you should not give another dose before consulting your doctor if your child exhibits the following after receiving one of the initial doses of the vaccine:

4. Are There Any Side Effects?

Side-effects of the DTP vaccine are as follows:

  • Inflammation at the injection site
  • Pain and redness
  • Rare side-effects include nausea, crying, and lack of appetite

5. Cost

There are two kinds of DTP vaccine, DTaP and DTwP. The cost of the first vaccine is Rs. 800, whereas the cost of the second vaccine is merely Rs. 50.

6. What If You Miss the Vaccination?

In case your child has not been administered this vaccine, contact your child’s paediatrician and ask for advice as soon as possible.

7. How to Take Care of the Child After Vaccination

Your doctor might prescribe small doses of paracetamol after the vaccination if your baby has fever, pain, or inflammation.

Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV 3)

Oral Polio vaccine (OPV) is the major vaccine used to fight poliomyelitis.

1. Prevents Your Child From

Poliomyelitis, which is a disease of the nervous system that affects muscular development and contractions.

2. Dosage

The OPV vaccine needs to be given a total of six times, starting from birth.

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The first four doses are given after birth, and later during the baby’s sixth, tenth, and fourteenth week. The first booster shot is given at around eighteen months of age, while the second and final booster is given when the child is four to six years old.

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There is no need for OPV vaccinations after this point.

3. Precautions

Following are the cases when the child should not be given this vaccine before consulting with your doctor:

  • Your child has severe immunosuppression
  • Your child has an acute febrile illness

4. Are There Any Side Effects?

Following are the side effects of this vaccine:

  • Mild nausea, diarrhoea, or vomiting
  • In extremely rare cases, paralytic poliomyelitis

5. Cost

The OPV vaccine costs Rs. 50.

6. What If You Miss the Vaccination?

If your child has not been given this vaccination, consult a paediatrician and ask what can be done for the same.

7. How to Take Care of the Child After Vaccination

There is no special care required as such after administering this vaccination.

Varicella 2

The Varicella vaccine fights against chickenpox.

1. Prevents Your Child From

Chickenpox, which is a skin disease consisting of boils, rashes, and high-temperature fever caused by the varicella-zoster virus.

2. Dosage

The varicella vaccine is given to kids in two doses.

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The first dose should be given between twelve and eighteen months and the second and final booster shot should be given anytime from four to six years of age.

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There is no need for Varicella vaccinations after this point.

3. Precautions

Varicella vaccination is best avoided if your child:

  • Is experiencing illness
  • Is allergic to neomycin or gelatin
  • has recently had a blood transfusion

4. Are There Any Side Effects?

The side effects of this vaccination include:

  • Redness and inflammation, along with some pain at the site of the injection
  • Rashes, both rare and mild

5. Cost

The Varicella vaccine costs Rs. 1900.

6. What If You Miss the Vaccination?

It is suggested that you contact your child’s paediatrician and find out what can be done.

7. How to Take Care of the Child After Vaccination

Your doctor might prescribe small doses of paracetamol or ibuprofen after the vaccination if your child has fever, pain, and inflammation.

Measles, Mumps and Rubella (MMR 3)

The MMR vaccine is a combination vaccine that fights against three diseases. It is one of the most important vaccines for a child between 4 and 6 years of age.

MMR vaccine

1. Prevents Your Child From

The MMR vaccine protects against:

  • Measles, a severe respiratory disease that is associated with severe rashes
  • Mumps, a viral infection of the throat
  • Rubella, a milder version of measles

2. Dosage

The MMR vaccine is given in three doses.

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The first dose is given around nine months, the second around twelve to fifteen months, and the third and final dose is administered between the ages of four and six.

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There is no need for MMR vaccination after this point.

3. Precautions

If your child has had an allergic reaction to the previous dose of the vaccine, then MMR vaccination should be administered only after consulting with your doctor.

4. Are There Any Side Effects?

Side effects of the MMR vaccine include:

  • Pain, redness, and inflammation at the injection site
  • A mild rash and fever after a few weeks of giving the vaccination

5. Cost

The MMR vaccine costs Rs. 500.

6. What If You Miss the Vaccination?

If your child has missed a dose, get in touch with a paediatrician. He will suggest you the best possible option.

7. How to Take Care of the Child After Vaccination

Consult your doctor to ascertain if you can give acetaminophen or ibuprofen for pain or fever. Also, check for the right dose.

It is important to always vaccinate your children, whatever the circumstances. Further, please remember that while vaccines have some mild side effects, they absolutely do not cause autism, whatever you might hear.

Also Read: Optional and Mandatory Vaccines for Your Child