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Believe it or not but the colour and odour of the urine also be an indicator of some medical ailment that you may be facing. The colour of normal urine ranges from pale yellow to yellow. However, pregnancy may cause various changes to your body and the changes may be evident in your urine too. If your urine is cloudy during pregnancy, there may be several reasons for the same. Find out what makes the urine cloudy during pregnancy!
Is Cloudy Urine Common During Pregnancy?
The answer to the above question is both yes and no. The intention is not to confuse you, but what is important here is to understand that pregnancy makes several changes in your body and you may notice changes in your urine colour too. Due to the hormonal changes, medication, and dietary changes, your urine may appear hazier than before during pregnancy. Normal urine has no odour and is slightly yellowish. If you register any changes in both these characteristics, it may be due to some underlying medical condition.
What Are the Causes of Cloudy Urine in Pregnancy?
Cloudy urine may appear that way because of the excess white blood cells fighting infection or presence of blood in the urine. Apart from that, there are many reasons for cloudy urine in pregnancy. Here are some reasons that may cause cloudy urine in pregnancy.
1. Hormonal Changes
The primary cause of cloudy urine in pregnancy is hormonal changes. During pregnancy, your body will undergo hormonal changes to support the growing foetus. Some hormones like human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) may increase rapidly during the first trimester, thus making your urine cloudy.
Nausea and vomiting is not only an extremely uncomfortable experience but it may also lead to dehydration. If you stay dehydrated during pregnancy, your urine will become darker and concentrated and may appear cloudy. During pregnancy, your body needs more water to support the placenta, amniotic fluid, and the growing baby. So, you must up your fluid intake. Inability in doing so may lead to dehydration, which could result in cloudy urine.
When there is an excess of protein in the urine, it is called proteinuria. Proteinuria or too much protein in the urine can also make your urine appear cloudy. This may usually happen during the second or third trimester. If the excessive amount of protein in urine is accompanied by high blood pressure, it may be an early indication of preeclampsia.
4. Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharge is very common during pregnancy. However, if there is excessive vaginal discharge during pregnancy, it may make your urine cloudy. If you register this symptom, it is recommended that you seek medical advice as increased vaginal discharge may be due to some underlying medical condition.
5. Dietary Changes
Pregnancy may make you crave for all kinds of food, which you normally wouldn’t consume. Sudden or abrupt changes in diet, for instance, including orange juice, asparagus, or dairy products in more amounts in your pregnancy diet may make your urine hazy and cloudy. If you register changes in urine due to dietary reasons, try eliminating them from your diet to see if it helps.
6. Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is very common during pregnancy and is one of the many reasons for cloudy or milky urine during pregnancy. If you urinate frequently, your urine smells foul and appears cloudy, then you may have a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease that may cause urine to turn cloudy. Therefore, if you are experiencing any kind of pain while urinating or excessive vaginal discharge along with cloudy urine, there is a likelihood that you may be suffering from gonorrhoea.
8. Pregnancy Vitamins
Sometimes the vitamins that you may be taking during pregnancy may also cause your urine to appear cloudy. There is no doubt that pregnancy vitamins are important for you and your growing baby but these may change the appearance of your urine too by making it appear cloudy. Intake of Vitamin B and Vitamin C can make your urine cloudy.
Preeclampsia is a condition that affects the kidney and liver and causes high blood pressure. This condition usually develops after the 20th week of pregnancy and in the beginning, you may not notice any symptoms. This is why you should go for regular check-ups and get your urine tested. The presence of protein in urine is a sign of developing preeclampsia. Along with protein, if you also notice that your urine is cloudy, it could be a sign of preeclampsia.
10. Kidney Stones
Although kidney stones is rare, if you notice cloudy urine, it can be a sign of kidney stones. If you are dehydrated, you have more chances of developing kidney stones.
Different Colours of Urine – What Do They Mean?
The changes in the colour of the urine may be because of various reasons. Read on to know about the different colours of urine and the reasons for the same.
Pink or Red Coloured Urine
Red or pink colour urine is not alarming or dangerous, not always. If you notice that your urine is red, it may be because of the consumption of more red-coloured food. Sometimes, the red colour in the urine could also be because of the presence of blood – in this case, it could mean a serious health condition such as kidney disorders, internal injury, or even cancer.
Dark Orange or Brown Urine
If your urine is of this colour, it may not be a good sign. Dark orange or brown coloured urine is an indication of excessive bile secretion and this could mean that there may a serious liver problem.
Bright yellow and orange coloured urine means that you may have consumed too much yellow-coloured food or vitamin C medicine. Apart from this, consuming some other medicines may also make your urine turn bright yellowish-orange.
Blue or Green
Taking certain medication such as laxatives, vitamins, or chemotherapy medicines may make your urine bluish green. However, if you are not doing any of these and still your urine is of this colour, you should get yourself examined.
Treatments for Cloudy Urine
Cloudy urine could be because of various above-mentioned medical ailments. However, you may try some of these home remedial measures to deal with this problem during pregnancy:
1. Stay Hydrated
Drinking water and staying hydrated will help flush out toxins from your body and thus help in lowering the symptoms of cloudy urine.
2. Make Dietary Changes
An unhealthy diet can also lead to the problem of cloudy urine. So eat healthy food and consult your doctor before including anything new in your diet.
3. Drink Cranberry Juice
Cranberry juice has substantial amounts of phytonutrients, which are helpful in lowering the symptoms of UTI, kidney stones, and other such ailments that may cause cloudy urine.
4. Limit the Intake of Sugary and Salty Foods
Foods with more sugar content in them may increase the risk of diabetes, which may cause cloudy urine. Similarly, eating salty foods can also increase the chances of kidney problems that may cause cloudy urine. Limiting the intake of both may reduce the symptoms of cloudy urine.
5. Drink Apple Cider Vinegar
If the cloudy urine is due to the problem in the kidneys then drinking a glass of water with two to three spoons of apple cider vinegar may help.
6. Take Prescribed Medicines Only
Do not self-medicate or take more than the required dosage of medicines during pregnancy, as it may be the cause of cloudy urine in the first place.
7. Try Warm or Hot Compress
If you have cloudy urine, you may experience pain in the abdominal region. Using warm or hot compress may help in alleviating the pain in the abdominal region that may be due to the infection. This also helps in reducing inflammation and may help in reducing the appearance of cloudy urine.
When to See a Doctor
Cloudy urine may or may not be a cause of concern; however, it is not a good idea to take any kind of risk during pregnancy. Therefore, in the following cases mentioned below, you should seek immediate medical help:
- If cloudy urine is accompanied by vomiting or nausea in the third trimester of your pregnancy
- If you have a fever
- If you experience itching in your genitals
- If cloudy urine during pregnancy second trimester is accompanied by cramps
- If you are finding it hard to be in one position
- If you notice blood in your urine
- If your urine smells
- If you experience pain while urinating
- If you have pain in your abdomen and lower back
- If you have the urge to urine frequently
If you register cloudy urine during pregnancy, you should report it to your doctor. Your doctor is the best judge when it comes to taking various health decisions during pregnancy.
Also Read: Urine Leakage during Pregnancy