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Believe it or not but the colour and odour of the urine is also an indicator of some medical ailment that you may be facing. The colour of normal urine ranges from pale yellow to yellow. But if you are pregnant, you may notice changes in your urine along with several bodily changes. If your urine appears cloudy during pregnancy, there may be several reasons for the same. Find out what they may be!
Is Cloudy Urine Common During Pregnancy?
The answer to the above question is both yes and no. During pregnancy, your body will go undergo several changes and you may notice changes in your urine colour too. Due to the hormonal changes, medication, and dietary changes during pregnancy, your urine may appear hazier than before. Normal urine has no odour and is slightly yellowish. If you register any changes in both these characteristics, it may be due to some underlying medical condition.
What Are the Causes of Cloudy Urine in Pregnancy?
Your urine may appear cloudy because of the excess white blood cells fighting infection or presence of blood in the urine. Apart from that, there are many reasons for cloudy urine in pregnancy. Here are some reasons for the same.
1. Hormonal Changes
The primary cause of cloudy urine in pregnancy is hormonal changes. During pregnancy, your body will undergo hormonal changes to support the growing foetus. Some hormones like human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) may increase rapidly during the first trimester, thus making your urine cloudy.
Nausea and vomiting is not only an extremely uncomfortable experience but it may also lead to dehydration. If you are dehydrated during pregnancy, your urine will become darker and concentrated and may appear cloudy. During pregnancy, your body needs more water to support the placenta, amniotic fluid, and the growing baby. So, you must up your fluid intake. Inability in doing so may lead to dehydration, which could result in cloudy urine.
When there is an excess of protein in the urine, it is called proteinuria. Proteinuria or too much protein in the urine can also make your urine appear cloudy. This may usually happen during the second or third trimester. If the excessive amount of protein in urine is accompanied by high blood pressure, it may be an early indication of preeclampsia.
4. Vaginal Discharge
Vaginal discharge is very common during pregnancy. However, if there is excessive vaginal discharge during pregnancy, it may make your urine cloudy. If you register this symptom, it is recommended that you seek medical advice as increased vaginal discharge may be due to some underlying medical condition.
5. Dietary Changes
Pregnancy may make you crave for all kinds of food, which you normally wouldn’t consume. Sudden or abrupt changes in diet, for instance, including orange juice, asparagus, or dairy products in more amounts in your pregnancy diet may make your urine hazy and cloudy. If you register changes in urine due to dietary reasons, try eliminating them from your diet to see if it helps.
6. Urinary Tract Infection
A urinary tract infection is very common during pregnancy and is one of the many reasons for cloudy or milky urine during pregnancy. If you urinate frequently, your urine smells foul and appears cloudy, then you may have a urinary tract infection (UTI).
Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease that may cause urine to turn cloudy. Therefore, if you are experiencing any kind of pain while urinating or excessive vaginal discharge along with cloudy urine, there is a likelihood that you may be suffering from gonorrhoea.
Preeclampsia is a condition that affects the kidney and liver and causes high blood pressure. This condition usually develops after the 20th week of pregnancy and in the beginning, you may not notice any symptoms. This is why you should go for regular check-ups and get your urine tested. The presence of protein in urine is a sign of developing preeclampsia. If there is protein in your urine and it appears cloudy, it could be a sign of preeclampsia.
9. Kidney Stones
Sometimes, cloudy urine could be caused because of kidney stones. If you are dehydrated, you have more chances of developing kidney stones.
Different Colours of Urine – What Do They Mean?
The changes in the colour of the urine may be because of various reasons. Read on to know about the different colours of urine and the reasons for the same.
Pink or Red Coloured Urine
Red or pink colour urine is not alarming or dangerous, not always. If you notice that your urine is red, it may be because of the consumption of more red-coloured food. Sometimes, the red colour in the urine could also be because of the presence of blood – in this case, it could mean a serious health condition such as kidney disorders, internal injury, or even cancer.
Dark Orange or Brown Urine
If your urine is of this colour, it is not a good sign. Dark orange or brown coloured urine is an indication of excessive bile secretion and this could mean that there may a serious liver problem.
Bright yellow and orange coloured urine means that you may have consumed too much yellow-coloured food. Apart from this, consuming some other medicines may also make your urine turn bright yellowish-orange.
Blue or Green
Taking certain medicines such as laxatives or chemotherapy medicines can make urine appear bluish-green. However, if you are not on medication and your urine appears blue or green, you should get yourself examined.
Treatment for Cloudy Urine
Cloudy urine could be because of various above-mentioned medical ailments. However, you may try some of these home remedial measures to deal with this problem during pregnancy:
1. Stay Hydrated
Drinking water and staying hydrated will help flush out toxins from your body and thus help in lowering the symptoms of cloudy urine.
2. Drink Cranberry Juice
Cranberry juice has substantial amounts of phytonutrients, which are helpful in lowering the symptoms of UTI, kidney stones, and other such ailments that may cause cloudy urine.
3. Limit the Intake of Sugary and Salty Foods
Foods with more sugar content in them may increase the risk of diabetes, which may cause cloudy urine. Similarly, eating salty foods can also increase the chances of kidney problems that may cause cloudy urine. Limiting the intake of both may reduce the symptoms of cloudy urine.
4. Take Prescribed Medicines Only
Do not self-medicate or take more than the required dosage of medicines during pregnancy, as it may be the cause of cloudy urine in the first place.
5. Try Warm or Hot Compress
If you have cloudy urine, you may experience pain in the abdominal region. Using warm or hot compress may help in alleviating the pain in the abdominal region that may be due to the infection. This also helps in reducing inflammation and the appearance of cloudy urine.
When to Consult a Doctor
Cloudy urine may or may not be a cause of concern; but checking with a doctor is always best, especially during pregnancy. Therefore, in the following cases mentioned below, you should seek immediate medical help:
- If cloudy urine is accompanied by vomiting or nausea in the third trimester of your pregnancy
- If you have a fever
- If you experience itching in your genitals
- If it is accompanied by cramps in the second trimester of your pregnancy
- If you find it difficult to sit in one position
- If you notice blood in your urine
- If your urine smells
- If you experience pain while urinating
- If you have pain in your abdomen and lower back
- If you have the urge to urinate frequently
If you register cloudy urine during pregnancy, you should report it to your doctor. Your doctor will be able to figure out the cause and suggest the necessary treatment. Take care and have a healthy pregnancy!
Also Read: Urine Leakage during Pregnancy