Hiccups In Pregnancy: Causes & Remedies

Hiccups in Pregnancy – Causes & Remedies

Medically Reviewed By
Dr. Rima Sonpal (Gynecologist/Obstetrician)
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Pregnancy is nothing short of a rollercoaster ride, as it brings along with it a number of bodily changes. The hormonal changes during this period cause a lot of discomfort in the form of belching, heartburn, nausea, indigestion, and so on. Frequent bouts of hiccups are also a prominent side-effect in many expecting mothers. It can be a little annoying as the spasm repeats itself every few hours, interfering with day-to-day activities. Some mothers may even get worried and panic, thinking that something is wrong with the little munchkin growing inside them. Well, the truth is that you don’t need to be worried! There are many things that you may experience for the first time if this is your first pregnancy or even if it is your third. In this article, we will discuss everything there is to know about hiccups in pregnancy.

Video : Hiccups During Pregnancy – Does It Affect the Fetus?

What Do Hiccups Mean During Pregnancy?

Typically during the end of the first trimester and the beginning of the second trimester, many expecting mothers experience recurrent hiccups. These frequent hiccups, although very bothersome, do not indicate any trouble in the body and are not a cause for major concern. Due to shortness of breath or due to improper eating habits, hiccups tend to occur often during pregnancy and can be avoided by eating slowly and in a relaxed manner.

Is It Common?

Yes, hiccups are a very common problem during pregnancy. Some believe it to be a sign that you are having a healthy pregnancy, while others believe it to be a sign that something is wrong. However, this is a normal problem which increases in frequency as your pregnancy progresses. 

Causes of Hiccups While Pregnant

There are many reasons why pregnant women experience episodes of hiccups during their pregnancy. Some of them are,

1. Excess oxygen

Generally, during pregnancy, the capacity to inhale air increases by approximately thirty to forty per cent. This is a natural mechanism of the body to oxygenate the foetus. However, this sudden increase in oxygen intake causes a sense of breathlessness in the mother. Shortness of breath usually triggers the spasms in the diaphragm, also known as hiccups.

2. Acid reflux

Acid reflux during pregnancy is a common phenomenon due to the compression of the internal digestive organs. Many a time a tendency to eat or drink quickly can trigger an episode of hiccups, which is why doctors usually advise expecting mothers to eat in a calm and relaxed manner.

Woman with acid refluxWhat Are Fetal Hiccups?

Around the second trimester, mothers experience a series of mild jerks in the womb. The first few times, these jerks can even get the mother worried, as she can think of it as a cause for some kind of difficulty to the baby. With time, these recurrent jerks become more prominent and frequent. These are nothing but the baby experiencing a series of hiccups inside the womb.

When the baby is floating in the amniotic fluid, he tends to swallow a small portion of it. This fluid then enters the lungs and the baby pushes the fluid out through these spasms. This is a natural phenomenon that does not affect the baby’s oxygen supply in any way, as he receives the oxygen from the mother through the placenta. In fact, regular fetal hiccups are a sign of healthy development in the baby as his reflexes are developing inside the mother. During the third trimester, the hiccups become very frequent, and it can be exciting for the mother to observe a pattern. 

How Many Fetal Hiccups Are Normal?

Every single pregnancy is unique in its own way. It is hence very difficult to set a standard for the number of fetal hiccups that are normal. These hiccups can happen very frequently for some and almost none for some pregnancies. Both ends of the spectrum are very normal! 

Can Hiccups in Pregnancy Predict You are Having a Boy or Girl?

Well, the simple answer is no. The sex of your baby is predicted by their genetics and not by the frequency of the mother’s hiccups. The saying that if a pregnant woman is having hiccups, she is more likely to carry a boy is just a saying. There is no real scientific evidence to support the same. 

Will Your Baby Get Hurt From Too Much Hiccuping?

Fetal hiccups or a pregnant woman’s hiccups do not hurt the baby growing inside the mother’s womb. However, it may be uncomfortable for the mother. This can especially be annoying when the mother is trying to eat or talk to someone. 

Ways to Deal with Pregnancy Hiccups

There are some good home remedies that can help to get rid of hiccups. These remedies are a safe way to control the hiccups during early pregnancy and can do the trick of immediately stopping the spasms.

1) Drinking water

It is a common and well-known remedy for hiccups. The idea behind this trick is to drink one full glass of it in one go. Drinking a glass of water without taking a pause, unknowingly makes us hold our breath for a small duration. This, in turn, reduces the spasms of the diaphragm. Gargling with water also helps control the hiccups.

2) Deep inhaling

Taking deep breaths and holding it for as long as you can abruptly stop the spasms. This technique fills the lungs and restricts the movement of the diaphragm. You should be careful of feeling suffocated during this process. You can also practice other breathing exercises to engage the lungs. Breathing inside a paper bag is another technique that might be helpful.

3) Lime and ginger

It is believed that sucking on a piece of something strongly flavoured like lime or ginger can cease an episode of hiccups. A drink made out of lime, ginger, and honey can also work wonders. Again, just like drinking water, the juice should be consumed in one go to get effective results.

Lime and ginger for hiccups4) Sugar

Swallowing a spoonful of sugar is a quick remedy for hiccups. Strangely, this method works by distracting the mind from inducing the spasms in the diaphragm. The vagus nerve, present under the tongue receives a signal that something sweet is being consumed and sends a message to the brain about it. This shifts the focus from the hiccups and stops them from staying for a prolonged period of time.

5) Stick your tongue out

Sticking your tongue out and simultaneously closing your ears again works like a charm on hiccups. In the process, you can inhale and exhale deeply to restrict the movement of the diaphragm.

6) Bend the neck

Instead of closing the nasal passage, you can also constrict the flow of air through your air pipe by bending your neck as forward as possible. This brings the spasms under control.

7) Gargle with ice water

Take a glass of ice water and gargle with it. 

8) Inhaling into a paper bag

Take a simple paper bag and inhale and exhale into it. This should help you regulate your breathing. 

Tips to Avoid Hiccups

  • Eat small meals frequently instead of three large meals with long gaps in between.
  • Avoid certain foods and beverages like fried and spicy foods and beverages like carbonated drinks and caffeine.
  • Stay upright after meals or take a walk to avoid acid reflux.

When to Consult a Doctor

If you are experiencing fetal hiccups regularly, or a series of hiccups more than three times a day, you may want to consult a doctor. Although fetal hiccups are a normal part of the pregnancy, frequent occurrences in a day can be a signal for issues with the umbilical cord. It is best to contact your doctor and get advice regarding fetal hiccups.

Hiccups are a minor discomfort that come along with pregnancy. They do not indicate any serious issue with either the baby or the mother and only reflect the body’s coping mechanism to some physical changes. With some natural remedies, these discomforts can be removed from the way of enjoying a beautiful pregnancy.


1. Can Hiccups During Pregnancy Indicate An Issue With the Umbilical Cord?

In most cases, hiccups while pregnant and fetal hiccups are normal. In rare cases, fetal jerking movements and fetal hiccups may also be related to fetal blood flow disturbances such as cord compressions. 

2. Are Hiccups A Sign Of Pregnancy?

In some cases, hiccups can be a sign of pregnancy. However, most pregnancy women experience hiccups in their second or third trimester. 

3. Why Can’t You Stop Hicupping During Pregnancy?

One of the biggest causes of hiccups during pregnancy is nausea and indigestion. This may cause you to constantly have hiccups. 

Resources & References: Healthline, Medical News Today

Also Read: Indigestion in Pregnancy

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