Deserts are barren areas of land where the precipitation received is less than 10 inches of rainfall per year. From sand dunes to camel rides, your kids have likely seen deserts in cartoons and movies but did you know that not all deserts are hot? From coastal deserts to the largest ice desert in Antarctica, there is much to explore in this world about deserts. If your kids have always wanted to learn more about deserts, this article will be very informative for them.
Fun Desert Facts And Information For Children
Deserts are environments that are hostile to animals and where lifeforms find it challenging to thrive. From the scorching hot landscapes to sandstorms and the icy cold terrains, spending life on deserts isn’t easy.
Here are some fun desert biome facts along with what you want to know about rainfall in deserts and other statistics.
1. Antarctica Is A Huge Ice Desert!
Did you know that the snow never evaporates in the desert of Antarctica? Besides being the largest ice desert in the world, it measures very close to the size of Russia stretching across 5,339,573 square miles! The Antarctic desert is also the coldest in the world and experiences winter temperatures of -49 degrees Celsius on average, with the lowest temperatures recorded being -94.7 degrees Celsius and -92.9 degrees Celsius
2. People Do Live In Deserts
Unlike the deserts you find in movies and videogames, people do live in desert areas across the world. Over 1 billion of them, in fact, but life’s hard in these regions. Water is scarce, and crops don’t fare well in desert landscapes. Adapting to life in deserts is a challenge in reality.
3. Desert Plants Store Water
Thought plants wither away in these terrains? Not quite. Their leaves store up water and use it during times of drought. Most desert plants have leaves that are nicely padded to lock in the moisture whenever it does rain.
4. The Arabian Desert Falls Under Deserts And Xeric Shrublands
The Arabian Desert is regarded as the world’s 4th largest desert and is considered the biggest one in Asia. The World Wide Fund classified it to be falling under the ‘Deserts And Xeric Shrublands’. ‘Deserts And Xeric Shrublands’ refers to deserts that take up 10% of the Earth’s surface area, in terms of land, thus making up the largest terrestrial biome.
5. Desert Biomes are Desert Ecosystems
A desert biome is a desert ecosystem created due to the low amounts of rainfall received every year. One of the best desert biome facts is that they divide the world’s deserts into four major groups – coastal, semi-dry, icy and hot and dry.
6. Animals Come Out At Night
Animals don’t appear during the day in deserts, except for the camels who take travellers across the dunes. Most desert animals are nocturnal by nature and appear at night. Some of them live in burrows, and you can find more than 200 rattlesnakes in one square mile of a desert!
7. Weather Is Different For Every Desert
Not all weather is the same for every desert. Hot and dry deserts stay warm all-year round and scorching hot during the summers. The rainfall happens in short bursts, and sometimes it doesn’t even hit the ground. Coastal deserts have cool winters with moderately long summers that are warm. Icy deserts get hot summers, but the winters are freezing. These get very little snow or rain and are found in the mountainous regions of the world.
Cold deserts lie in flat areas of the world and are found somewhere between polar regions and tropics. The largest sand desert in the world is Rub al-Khali which translates to the ‘Empty Quarter’ in Arabic.
8. Yukon Has The Tiniest Desert In The World
Yukon, Canada has the smallest desert in the world. Its size is only one square-inch mile, and it is called the Carcross Desert
9. The Driest Desert In The World Hasn’t Received Rainfall Since It Was Found
Scientists have studied the driest desert in the world and have found that it hasn’t received any rain for more than 40 million years. It’s called the Atacama desert, and to this day no records can be found of it getting any rainfall.
10. Deserts Can Be Diverse
Although desert climate can get unpredictable and life is harsh, not all deserts are the same. Some deserts have diverse ecosystems with oasis, mammals, tall mountains, and more. The vegetation can be as diverse than what’s found in rainforests in some of them.
Other Interesting Facts About The Desert For Children
Here are some other interesting facts about deserts for children:
- Plantlife is scarce in deserts. You will find many shrubs, bushes, and a few kinds of grass in desert terrain. The roots of desert plants run very deep into the ground since they look for moisture and collect it whenever it rains
- One of the best Sahara desert facts is that it’s the largest hot desert in the world. Temperatures average around 122 degrees Celsius during the summers
- You can spot wandering birds in deserts. Tough desert animals like camels, tortoise and snakes adapt to harsh environments. Most desert animals live in their dwellings throughout the day, and some live underground. You will find desert tortoises in the southwestern parts of the United States
- Dust storms in deserts may travel beyond a 100 miles. Animals in deserts adapt to the harsh environment by storing water in their bodies
- The camel can survive days without food and water. It stores body fat in its hump
- Some of the popular activities among tourists visiting desert biomes are hiking, rock climbing, and ATV bike rides
- Europe is the only continent that does not have a desert biome. Desert landforms refer to elements like Yardangs, desert pavements, rock pedestals and rock pedestals
- Some deserts get a lot of rain at once and then experience long periods of drought. A desert habitat is classified as any area in the world that receives less than 10 inches of rainfall every year
- Desert climate can get wild, depending on the amount of precipitation they receive. True deserts don’t hold onto any moisture in the air and experience wide temperature changes. There are deserts where the temperature may get hot during the nights, and cold deserts at high altitudes can be drier than hot deserts
- Some desert plants like the Saguaro Cactus can live up to more than 150 years!
We hope you enjoyed our desert facts. Your kids will be amazed by the beauty and wonder of deserts once they start reading more about them. If they want to learn more about deserts, show them some movies and National Geographic documentaries that cover the theme of deserts. There are history and a lot of interesting facts, just waiting to be explored. By the time they’re done, they would want to go on a vacation or a trip to a desert with you. We recommend that too (if you can go for it).