Urine Colour during Pregnancy: Reasons & When to See Doctor
If you are pregnant, you must have noticed a change in the colour of your urine. When you look down in the toilet bowl after peeing, you might see a darker shade of yellow instead of seeing the usual light-yellow colour. A change in the urine colour can be a sign of pregnancy and some problems during pregnancy. This change can be from yellow to a brighter or darker shade of yellow and is governed by several factors.
These changes signal a healthy pregnancy and may even warn you of any issues arising over the course of your pregnancy. It is thus important to monitor changes in the urine and report anything unusual to your doctor as soon as possible. Now, you must undoubtedly have a lot of concerns regarding what color is pee when pregnant, what pee colour indicates normal pregnancy, and how you can check it out. Fret not! Our detailed and easy-to-understand explanation will help you out!
Well, read on to get all the solutions.
What Does the Color of Urine Normally Mean?
The pigment urochrome is what gives your urine its yellow hue. Your urine’s consistency affects how this pigment appears. The colour of the pigment in your urine will be lighter when you are hydrated. If your urine is concentrated, it will have a darker shade of colour.
In particular, your urine colour when pregnant, can reveal a lot about your health, from normal urine colour to cloudy urine during pregnancy. So let’s distinguish between the colours of regular and pregnant pee.
1. The Normal Urine Colour
Every person’s urine has a different hue depending on their food, medications, level of haemoglobin, degree of hydration, and other factors. However, it typically has a yellow tint, ranging from bright, transparent yellow to somewhat deeper yellow.
2. The Pregnancy Urine Colour
This alteration in urine colour may be easier to see during pregnancy. It can have a wide range of colours, from a strong, bright yellow to a darker, nearly orange-yellow hue that might put you off. But there is no need for concern.
Why Do Women Urinate More Frequently When Pregnant?
During pregnancy, pregnant women have a number of changes in their urine, including increased frequency of urination. The hCG hormone, which is created and released after the embryo is implanted in the uterus, is the cause of this alteration. Pregnant women, therefore, urinate more frequently than usual.
Additionally, during pregnancy, the blood circulation volume increases, and about 25% of it is sent to the kidneys. As a result, the amount of fluid processed by the kidneys significantly increases, which subsequently builds up in the bladder.
Does the Colour of Urine Change During Pregnancy?
A healthy person’s urine colour can range from a very light, almost transparent yellow to a slightly darker shade of yellow. During pregnancy, however, this change can be more pronounced. It can range from an intense bright yellow to a darker, almost orange-yellow colour.
The colour of the urine is caused by the pigment urochrome, which is also known as urobilin. Urobilin is made when the body breaks down haemoglobin from dead red blood cells. The appearance of the pigment will depend on the consistency of your urine. If your urine is diluted (when you are hydrated), the pigment in your urine will be of a lighter shade. However, if your urine is in concentrated form, the pigment will have a darker shade.
Apart from this, there are a lot of factors which will decide the colour of your urine during pregnancy. There is a profound change in how kidneys filter water during pregnancy. Additionally, changes in the intake of food during pregnancy and the additional intake of vitamins and medicines prescribed can also bring about a change in the colour of urine.
Why Does the Colour of Urine Change During Pregnancy?
The factors that decide the colour of urine during pregnancy are mentioned below:
1. Pregnancy Diet
During pregnancy, your diet takes a 180-degree turn. You become more conscious of your eating habits. Your diet will include fruits, vegetables, dairy products, and other healthy foods. Certain fruits and vegetables can bring about a change in the colour of your urine during pregnancy.
2. Vitamins and Other Medicines
Many pregnant women are advised to take prenatal vitamins and supplements during pregnancy. A woman’s body cannot break down the vitamins in their entirety. The absorbed vitamins and other supplemented nutrients are discarded from the body through urine, which could result in a darker shade of urine.
Intake of water also decides the colour of your urine during pregnancy. Many women experience the problem of dehydration during pregnancy even though if they are drinking more than enough water. Another cause of dehydration is a condition known as hyperemesis gravidarum. Hyperemesis gravidarum is a condition characterised by severe morning sickness, nausea, and weight loss. This condition causes severe morning sickness and is common in about one per cent of all pregnancies. Hyperemesis gravidarum causes excess vomiting in pregnant women resulting in dehydration. In cases where there are no apparent signs of dehydration, dark urine could be a sign of liver complications. You should consult a doctor soon.
4. Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs)
An infection in the urinary tract can also bring about a change in the colour of your urine. A urinary tract infection (UTI) should not be taken lightly as it can have serious consequences like premature labour or underweight baby. Bright yellow-coloured urine, an increase in the frequency of urination, pain in the lower abdomen or blood in the urine are all signs of a urinary tract infection.
Hematuria is the presence of blood in the urine. The excess red blood cells need to be eliminated from the body; they are discarded by the body through urine and can result in very dark yellow or red-coloured urine.
6. Urinary Bladder Infections
A bladder infection is a type of UTI and is a bacterial infection. Pregnancy can result in an increased frequency of hormonal changes in a woman’s body. Such changes usually result in the enlargement of the urinary bladder, which weakens the bladder lining and makes it prone to infections. Bladder infections can result in a change in the colour of urine.
Also Read: Protein in Urine During Pregnancy
7. Kidney Diseases
Kidneys are the organs that filter and discard waste matter from the body. Any disorder in the kidneys can easily result in a change in the colour of urine.
8. Kidney Stones
Urine Tests During Pregnancy
Conducting urine tests from time to time during pregnancy is crucial as it will reveal your health status. Urinalysis at different stages of pregnancy will help your doctor detect any possible condition that requires treatment. Tests will be done to monitor for bladder infections, kidney infections, diabetes, and even dehydration. High levels of protein in urine are a sign of urinary tract infection or kidney disease. Having high glucose (sugar) levels during pregnancy could indicate to gestational diabetes, which generally develops in the second trimester of pregnancy. The presence of red blood cells, white blood cells, or bacteria could be a sign of UTI. Conducting urine tests during pregnancy is very important, so don’t skip them. Furthermore, don’t hesitate to visit your doctor if you experience any problem while urinating.
When To Visit A Doctor
Although a change in colour of urine could be a result of various harmless reasons, ranging from vitamin intake to dehydration, they can sometimes be caused by more severe conditions. A burning sensation while urinating could indicate a UTI. After an increase in the intake of water, if the colour of your urine is still dark, it could indicate liver and kidney malfunctions. If you notice that the colour of your urine is pale-yellow or dark, then you should consult a doctor.
1. What Are the Causes of Dark Urine in Pregnancy?
The presence of bright yellow urine during pregnancy may indicate dehydration. Unless the urine is accompanied by bleeding or discomfort, you shouldn’t be concerned. When in doubt, it is best to visit a doctor.
2. Is Blood in Urine Safe?
It is imperative to see a doctor if you notice any blood spots in your urine or if the colour of your pee changes to pink, brown, or red. Therefore, since blood in urine is unusual, it could not be in any way safe or normal.
Like many other bodily changes, a change in urine colour is common during pregnancy. You could have dark-coloured urine because of dehydration. It merely indicates that you should be drinking more water. If you notice a change in your urine colour, do not panic. Drink water and stay hydrated; however, if the problem persists, visit the doctor.