Infants with a caput succedaneum have a “cone-head” appearance. That is what happens after a difficult birth. Although it stays for a while and may alarm new parents, it usually clears up in a few days. However, if treatment is delayed, caput in infants may lead to more severe problems. They may also develop alopecia (baldness) or infections from a “halo scalp ring.”
The term Caput Succedaneum refers to the swelling on the head in babies. One of the most common causes of head-first (vertex) birth is tension from the uterine or cervical wall, which causes the condition.
A caput succedaneum is much more likely to develop in births with the following complications:
Increasing pressure on the newborn’s head may result in edema and bruises. Some other causes include:
A baby head caput succedaneum usually appears shortly after birth. It is a mushy protrusion of the skull, mainly on the side that first entered the baby’s head, but it can affect both sides. It is usually 1-2 cm deep. Contusions or epidermis color swatches are possible. In most instances, a swollen scalp is not a life-threatening situation. A newborn may show the following signs of caput succedaneum:
Caput on newborn helps alleviate by itself without difficulty, but a question keeps hovering in many parents’ minds – is caput succedaneum serious? Yes, for sporadic cases, problems may arise from time to time, like:
Other complications are:
It is common for caput succedaneum to be diagnosed on physical assessment alone but without further tests. There’s a more problematic issue. Physicians may suggest additional testing to see whether there is a more severe condition present. In certain instances of cephalohematoma, a fracture of the head may well be present as well. Consequently, an X-ray of the skull might help to assess the head structure.
A caput succedaneum is rarely treated; it usually resolves on its own. Nonetheless, the associated bruises may result in increased bilirubin and hepatitis. Hepatitis is also not a significant threat and usually resolves on its own. Hepatitis treatments may include phototherapy, blood transfusions, or addressing underlying causes. Untreated or mismanaged hepatitis can result in keratoconus or severe and irreversible brain damage. Keratoconus can cause Down syndrome, deafness, and other long-term problems. Caput succedaneum helps alleviate on its own within a few days after birth, without any need for invasive procedures.
Since there are no other traumas or comorbidities, a diagnosis usually heals without any need for medical intervention between two to five weeks after giving birth, depending on the circumstances. In certain instances, a cephalohematoma may lead to additional, more severe complications, such as infections, which may necessitate the use of medicines and surgical treatments to resolve. Sometimes even a cephalohematoma might continue and solidify, resulting in a substantial hump that will eventually disappear. This is most commonly the case over time.
Headgear therapy, which uses cranium molding, is yet another therapeutic option. Infants wear uniquely engineered headgear for 18 to 20 hours each day until their heads are sculpted to the appropriate form. Though uncommon, one would require this treatment for a chronic cephalohematoma in the brain.
Caput succedaneum and cephalohematoma are two birth injuries that are similar, if not identical. The same causes the newborn child’s head to swell.
Caput succedaneum is a disease similar to cephalohematoma, causing internal bleeding during pregnancy. Caput succedaneum is described as subcutaneous edema across the affected area of the head. A cephalohematoma is a blood clot under the skin’s surface.
Having your child suffer as a consequence of a potential birth injury may be devastating. It is possible that, as a worried parent, you will need to undertake all the required steps to get the correct therapy at the appropriate moment.
This post was last modified on September 9, 2021 11:44 pm