It is in kindergarten that students learn and begin to develop fundamental skills that can have a lasting impact on them well into their adulthood. Not all states require children to attend kindergarten, research has proven that there are numerous benefits to attending kindergarten and receiving a kindergarten education.
A typical kindergarten curriculum builds a strong foundation in English, Maths, Science and Language Arts. In addition to all these, kindergarteners also focus on thinking skills, art, music and physical education. Most of what is learnt in kindergarten paves the way for further learning during the early and elementary years.
It is important to find a kindergarten programme that is comprehensive enough to engage and involve your child.
Maths is an interesting subject and a very practical one to learn. Unlike reading, writing, literature, science, maths is more interactive and there is something magical about numbers that kids love. Since maths is more practical and deals with the application of concepts, kids relate to it more than descriptive subjects like English and Science.
Schools generally introduce pre-primary children to only two key subjects-English and Maths. Across kindergarten, children learn letters, sounds, phonics and all about numbers. The math curriculum is aimed at being more focused and coherent to obtain mathematical achievement across the country.
Kindergarten math programs differ across schools and even states. The goals and targets that each school expects students to achieve will be different. But if you are keen on knowing what your child will learn in math and all about numbers in kindergarten, then the list below will give you a fair idea of what it entails.
Topics Covered Under Kindergarten Math Curriculum
Topics covered in maths are gradually built and integrated into the curriculum so that kids can expand their knowledge all through schooling. This helps them to make a decision about their future and decide if they wish to pursue maths as a profession.
The kindergarten curriculum put a fun twist to the key foundational skills that the youngest students need to know. Lessons are taught to engage children and get them to interact in activities. All the topics feature around learning the concepts.
Listed below are the key concepts that your child will learn about each of the topics. It stresses on what a kindergarten kid should know and the objectives they must achieve.
1. Counting and Numbers
- Children will be capable of recognizing and writing numbers (ranging from 0-30).
- Children can name and say ordinal numbers from the first to the tenth.
- Children can arrange sequence until twenty.
- Kids can demonstrate counting one by one by pointing to an object (up to 20).
- Count in twos up to ten.
- Count in ones, fives and tens up to 100.
- Count backwards from ten to zero.
- Children can create sets of a particular number and label them with the number too.
- Children will be able to join or separate objects in equal groups or sets (anywhere between 0-10 or 0-20).
- Children will be capable of sorting and classifying objects using different attributed like shapes, size, color, number of corners and position.
- Identify part and whole (especially half and whole).
- Separate whole into different parts and put together parts to the whole.
3. Geometric Shapes and Graphs
- Children can recognize and draw the basic geometric shapes (square, triangle, circle, oval and rectangle).
- Kids will be able to identify, create, extend patterns of three objects and even copy them.
- Children can look at basic graphs and interpret the data. They may need some help in terms of looking and analysing the graph but with that help, they can certainly give the answers.
4. Measurement and Comparison
- Kids can use objects like hands, pencils, blocks to measure volume, weight and length.
- Kids can compare quantities by weighing, measuring and estimating.
- Kids can compare measurements and use terms like heavier, taller, longer, shorter, warmer, less or more.
- Children can grasp and understand positional relationships (above, below, more, less, bottom, top, before, after, middle, right and left).
5. Addition and Subtraction
- Math expressions in kindergarten include adding and subtracting from 10 with items or objects. Children can use their knowledge to take away objects and add objects to obtain a result
- Be able to do simple maths problems involving addition and subtraction up to 20.
6. Time And Money
- Children can identify coins like nickel, dime, penny and a quarter.
- They can count coins of a certain value and add them especially if they are in 5’s and 10’s.
- Children can tell time up to the nearest hour.
- Children can say the days of the week, months of the year – all in order.
How Is Kindergarten Math Curriculum Different From Others
The Montessori math curriculum and kindergarten maths curriculum are different from each other. Montessori focuses on learning concepts and does not insist on using traditional tools like a pencil or crayon to complete activities. The Montessori method could be compared to a kinaesthetic form of learning where visuals are used to represent concepts and kids are asked to revisit their learning by using visuals.
The kindergarten math curriculum is an interactive and involving curriculum that involves cutting, pasting, colouring, drawing- every sort of hands-on component to enhance learning. The purpose is two-fold- learning key concepts and also working on building fine motor skills. Kindergarten curriculum in maths gives the child a tangible way to express their understanding of the concept. It also strives to increase the attention span of the child. The idea is to prepare the child for the forthcoming grades where the concepts will be taught from a broader perspective. It essentially prepares the child to face the challenges that the successive grades bring in.
How to Know If Your Child Is Ready for the Kindergarten Curriculum
- Kindergarten is an amazing time for parents and children. It is the first time that children start to actually learn at home. Parents start focusing on what their child is learning in school and try to support them to learn.
- Each child has their own development rate and also the ability to grasp concepts. Moreover, not every child is similar in terms of attention span. There is no point in pressurising kids to learn key concepts. If you find that your child is unable to sit for long periods of time, try to break their home learning schedule into short sessions.
- If your child seems to master concepts quickly, then it is worth trying to have a discussion with the school to assess their capability and see if they can progress to first grade. If your child struggles with writing and reading, then it is not a viable option to get them to skip a grade.
- If your child has mastered concepts at the age of four and will not start kindergarten until the age of five, then try to get them to start kindergarten early. In most cases, schools do not permit skipping a grade. In such cases, you could work collaboratively with the school to make special accommodations to meet your child’s needs.
- Either way, parents have a great option to strengthen learning and mastering basics in kids. Engage children in work at home that supplement learning. There are various resources available over the internet that would help.
What Can You Do If Your Child Already Knows Most of the Curriculum Material
The kindergarten math curriculum and homeschool arrangements work well when your child is one of the upper ability groups. If you find that your child already knows most of the curriculum, you could seek advice from the teacher or the school about how you can support them at work. If your child enjoys maths, there is no need to push. You could also seek support from the school to see what the first-grade curriculum looks like and start training your child to learn the concepts. There are several useful resources online that will help you get your kids to develop their skills in math concepts.
For most students, kindergarten is their first official year of schooling. Gaining a solid grasp of basic concepts now, will help them feel confident and prepared as they learn new math skills in the years to come. Setting up students for success in math or any other subject starts as early as kindergarten. Helping them master counting, shapes, basic addition and subtraction will have a big impact on their performance in later years.