Typhoid Vaccine for Kids

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A sick baby

Typhoid is a major health concern in India and children are more prone to it than adults. This contagious disease spreads through contaminated food and water. It is caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria. It can impair physical and cognitive development in children. The best way to prevent typhoid is to immunize your baby at the right time.

Typhoid Vaccine – What Is It?

Typhoid vaccines help prevent typhoid. Vaccination is vital, otherwise, it can lead to serious complications like a high fever that may persist last for a long time. Typhoid is also known to adversely affect young children.

There are two types of vaccines available in the market. One is an inactivated vaccine which is administered as a shot and the other one is a live attenuated oral vaccine.

You must always consult your paediatrician to know which would suit your toddler.

Typhoid vaccine

Types of Typhoid Vaccination

Typhoid is a serious problem and should not be taken lightly. Read about There are two types of typhoid vaccination:

  • Inactivated Typhoid Vaccine: This vaccine is made from inactive bacteria. It is an injectable vaccine that provides protection. A booster dose is required after every 2 years.
  • Live typhoid vaccine (Oral): This vaccine, also called typhoid pills, is made from live weakened bacteria. It provides protection for about 5 years. It is taken orally as a course of 4 doses in 1 week. It should be followed by booster doses every 5 years.

Who Should Get Immunised Against Typhoid?

Generally, typhoid vaccination is recommended for:

  • People travelling in typhoid ridden countries like India
  • People who are in close contact with an infected person
  • People who work with Salmonella typhi bacteria In India

In India, however, routine typhoid vaccination is advised as we are more prone to get infected. Typhoid vaccine for babies can be given as early as the age of 9-12 months.

The Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine or TCV is administered when the baby is between 9-12 months old, then it must be followed by booster doses every two years.

Typhoid Vaccine Cost in India

You will find Typbar TCV and PedaTyph available in the market currently. Although the cost may vary, typhoid vaccine cost in India can be anywhere between Rs. 150 – Rs. 525.

(Note: Vaccination prices mentioned are for reference only and may vary as per brand and location.)

Typhoid Vaccine Schedule

The typhoid vaccine schedule in India is included in the list of mandatory vaccinations suggested to parents, by the paediatrician, right after the birth of a baby. But before giving it to a baby remember these important things:

  • Number of Doses
    The first dose of the TCV is given at the age of 9-12 months followed by booster doses every two years.
  • Recommended Ages
    Ideally, the typhoid shot is recommended for children older than 2 years of age. Alternatively, the TCV can be given at the age of 9-12 months.

Typhoid vaccine schedule for the child is as follows

Age Type of Vaccine Dose
9-12 months Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine (TCV) First Dose
2 years TCV Booster Dose
4 – 6 years TCV Booster Dose

 

In case of oral typhoid vaccine, a person is given 4 doses of typhoid pills on alternate days for one week. It is followed by booster doses every 5 years. It should only be given to children older than 6 years of age. Always remember to consult a doctor before giving it a child.

Things to Avoid Before or After Getting Typhoid Vaccine

Before giving your child a typhoid vaccine, keep these things in mind:

  • This vaccine cannot be taken if your child is allergic to any component of the vaccine. The doctor must be made aware of allergies if any, much before the vaccination is given.
  • Your child must not be severely, or even moderately ill at the time of getting a vaccination.
  • Anyone who has had a severe reaction to the previous dose of the same vaccine should not be given another dose.

Although the typhoid vaccine is absolutely safe, your child may develop a fever for a day or two after the vaccine is taken. You need not panic. Visit the doctor immediately if the fever persists for long.

Which Children Should Not Be Given This Vaccine or Should Wait?

You must keep in mind that typhoid vaccine for children should not be given before the age of 2 years. In case of an oral vaccine, you must wait until the child turns 6 years.

What Happens If Your Child Misses the Dose

You may worry that your toddler missed the vaccine at 9 months. You can still give it before she turns one. Moreover, TCV can be given to your child anytime after the age of 2 years. Oral typhoid vaccine can be given after a child turns 6 years of age. Ask your paediatrician for more information.

Possible Risks and Side-effects from the Vaccine

You must understand that the side effects of typhoid vaccine are much lower than contracting the infection itself. Typhoid vaccine side effects are generally mild. They tend to go away in a few days. In rare cases, there may be an allergic reaction. The side-effects have been discussed below:

Typhoid vaccines

  1. Serious Side Effects

Generally, the typhoid vaccine does not have any serious side-effects. Contact your paediatrician in case of:

  • Signs of severe allergic reaction like dizziness, hives, and swelling of the face and throat.
  • Difficulty in breathing.
  • Weakness.
  • Very high fever.
  • Behaviour changes.

Although rare these may manifest within few hours of taking the vaccination.

2. Less Serious Side Effects

Some side effects of typhoid shot that are not severe are mentioned below:

  • Fever
  • A headache
  • Redness and swelling
  • Itching and soreness at the place where the injection is given
  • General discomfort

Oral Typhoid Vaccine – Besides fever and headache, there may be a chance of:

Thus, typhoid is a serious disease that is best to be avoided in young children. If you are alert and careful, you can ensure a healthy childhood for your little one. Regular vaccination and timely care will help you in doing just that.

Disclaimer:
This information is for the purpose of reference alone. Please consult your paediatrician regarding the actual vaccination schedule.

Also Read: Typhoid in Babies

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