Bringing a baby into this world is a monumental feat and cannot be achieved easily. Although there is a typical way for a baby to be born, with advances in medical sciences, multiple types of baby delivery have been formulated so that the delivery can be made successful even in the face of any complications or risks.
Most Common Types of Childbirth Options
Expecting mothers can look forward to the following delivery options.
1. Vaginal Delivery
When a baby is born through the birth canal of a woman’s body, that delivery is termed as a vaginal delivery. It may or may not be assisted with epidurals or pain medication. The exact time of birth cannot be presumed in such a case, but most births tend to happen once 40 weeks of pregnancy have been completed.
Most doctors recommend for having a vaginal birth if there is a possibility for it and going for caesarean is advised against. For mothers planning to have multiple children, vaginal births are highly recommended. When done with an incision above the anal area, the procedure is called episiotomy.
With vaginal deliveries, mothers can recover from the stress of delivery in shorter time and, hence, can return home with their babies soon. The chances of infection in such cases are lower than others. The baby, too, has a lower chance of suffering from any breathing problems if born via the vagina.
2. Natural Childbirth
This is one of the types of birth that is steadily gaining popularity. In this method, there are no medical procedures or invasive therapies involved, and all processes take place in the most natural manner possible. This is mostly a personal choice and a mother needs to be committed throughout the way.
Various exercises and positions are taken into account while carrying out delivery in natural ways. A midwife usually stays with the mother to ensure the delivery is successful and the mother stays in good spirits. The delivery can take place at the hospital or even in your home, with all preparations done beforehand.
Natural birth can be extremely empowering for a mother. Having skin to skin contact with the baby immediately after delivery can foster a strong bond between the mother and the child. It also triggers hormones in the body that start producing milk in the breasts right away.
3. Caesarean Section
Not everything always goes according to plan in real life. One might want to undertake vaginal delivery but complications could arise. In such a case, caesarean delivery is an option that might be taken.
In this delivery, the baby is delivered by opening up the abdomen of the mother and surgically opening the uterus to remove the baby. The type of the cut is called a C-section, is how the delivery method gets its name.
Many mothers decide to have caesarean in advance, which allows the hospital and doctors to start making preparations accordingly. This could be out of choice or even after sonography has revealed certain parameters which make it necessary to undertake a C-section, such as the presence of twins or triplets, or a very large baby.
In other cases, if vaginal delivery fails or any complication arises, such as breech position while delivering or obstruction in the birth canal, the doctors will have to quickly resort to undertaking a C-section and removing the baby out of the uterus in time.
4. Forceps Delivery
This is a rather peculiar type of delivery method and is required in certain cases of vaginal birth. This is an addition to the usual vaginal delivery when the baby is on its way via the birth canal but fails to fully emerge out. This could be because of any small obstructions, or the mother being tired and losing consciousness, hence unable to push the baby out.
In these cases, a doctor makes use of specially created tongs, which resemble forceps and insert them slowly in the birth canal. These are then used to gently grab the baby’s head and start guiding it outwards through the canal.
5. Vaccum Extraction
Similar to forces delivery method, this type of delivery technique is again used in the case of a vaginal birth. The baby is on its way out but somehow has stopped moving any further through the canal.
The doctors then make use of a specialized vacuum pump which is inserted up to the baby via the canal. The vacuum end has a soft cup which is placed on the top of the baby’s head. Vacuum is created so that the cup holds the head and the baby is gently guided outwards through the canal.
6. Vaginal Birth after Cesarean (VBAC)
Most of the times, once a woman has had a caesarean delivery, her chances of having vaginal deliveries after that are pretty much nullified. But in recent times, certain techniques are making it possible for women to have successful vaginal deliveries even after the previous delivery had been a C-section. This is termed as VBAC or vaginal birth after caesarean.
Smaller hospitals do not opt for VBAC since an emergency C-section could suddenly require more staff and resources which may not be always possible. Also, any previous complications during delivery or any conditions in the mother could make the doctor advise you against a vaginal delivery.
The different types birthing techniques have their own advantages and disadvantages, while a few leave no other option but to opt for them. The focus should always be on ensuring that the baby is delivered safely and healthily into the new world, and the mother stays safe throughout the entire process of delivery. When it comes to choice of delivery method versus one that doctors recommend for you, it is always best to go with the doctor’s recommendation to avoid any complications in the future.
Also Read: Lamaze Childbirth Method